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Flashcards in test 1 pt. 2 Deck (41):
1

down syndrome people are at risk for what type of cancer

leukemia

2

disease of the lymph nodes; lymph nodes are enlarged

lymphadenopathy; common in leukemia patients

3

blast cells on a blood test is very indicative of

leukemia; also leukostasis greater than 100,000

4

higher number of blast cells

thicker blood viscosity

5

thromboembolism

blood clot

6

embolism

blood clot that moves

7

can cross blood brain barrier

any type of leukocytes

8

clinical manifestation of leukemia

hyperuricemia ; destruction of wbc and the result is high levels of purine. purine- break down of uric acid due to all the leukemic cell death which leads to excessive uric acid

9

chronic heart burn

GERD- creates barrett cells

10

what forms barrett cells

metaplasia

11

developing cancer

metaplasia and dyplasia

12

what can cause necrotizing facitiis

Strep A; klebsiella, clostridum, e.coli

13

allergic reactions

basophils

14

ANC LEVELS

mild 1000-1500; moderate 500-1000; severe less than 500

15

down syndrome have high risk

acute lymphoblastic anemia

16

in the bone marrow

acute myeloid

17

isolated wbc extremely high above 20,000

chronic lymphoblastic leukemia

18

Philadelphia chromosome

chronic myeloid

19

what factor is missing in von willebrands

clotting factor 8

20

dehydration and stress

sickle cell anemia

21

critical platelet

less than 20,000

22

blood thinner; works against the entire hemostasis process ; against the entire clotting process

anticoagulant

23

advanced aging

progeria

24

cell mediators are released and platelets rush to the site; stick together to block it all up

formation of platelet plug

25

intrinsic and extrinsic pathway that both lead to factor X

blood coagulation

26

contract similar to the muscles

clot retraction

27

TPA; tissue plasminogen activator (dissolves the clot)

clot dissolution/ lysis

28

are composed of well-differentiated cells that resemble the normal counterpart both in terms of structure and function but have lost the ability to control cell proliferation.

benign neoplasms

29

are less differentiated and have lost the ability to control both cell differentiation and proliferation. In general, the better the differentiation of a neoplasm,

malignant neoplasms

30

tumor erodes and sheds cells into these spaces.

seeding

31

slow growing
capsulated
non invasive
well differentiated
oma

benign tumors

32

fast growing
non capsulated
metasize
invasive
carcinoma or sarcoma

malignant tumors

33

igE mediated reactions that begin rapidly often within minutes of an antigen challenge

type 1 hypersensitivity

34

Controls the reabsorption of water by the kidneys

antidiuretic hormone

35

synthesized by cells in the nuclei of the hypothalamus and then transported to the posterior pituitary gland, where it is stored.

antidiuretic hormone

36

what can stimulate the ADH

thirst
serum osmolarity
blood loss
shift in fluid

37

ADH levels are controlled by

extracellular fluid (ECF) volume and osmolality

38

ADH pulls water from the cells which causes what urine

concentrated urine

39

Severe pain
Nausea
Trauma
Surgery
Certain anesthetic agents
Some narcotics (e.g., Morphine and Meperidine)

triggers for ADH

40

Deficiency of ADH or a decreased renal response to ADH

diabetes Insipidus; we have it and body isn't responding or body is not making enough

41

how much urine do diabetes insipidus

3-20 L per day ; looks like water no concentration