Test #2 Autoimmune ARTICLES- Dwayne Flashcards Preview

BioScience II > Test #2 Autoimmune ARTICLES- Dwayne > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test #2 Autoimmune ARTICLES- Dwayne Deck (27):
1

The majority of carcinoid tumors are located where/

GI tract (appendix, rectum, and ileum)
Bronchial tree

2

carcinoid tumors

Slow growing, small bowel tumors

3

Which tumor bypass the liver

Bone, hepatic, gonadal, pulmonary

4

S/S of carcinoid tumors

hypotension, HTN, Flushing (most reported), broncho-constriction, diarrhea

5

carcinoid tumors produce excess of what?

Serotonin (the most) histamine and kinins

6

Serotonin can cause HTN and Hypotension why?

Indirect stimulation of Norepi release

7

Serotonin is metabolized by?

MOA and aldehyde dehydrogenase

8

Most common test to diagnose carcinoid tumors is

5-HIAA 24 hr urine assay

9

Treatment for carcinoid tumors is

octreotide and surgical removal

10

Octreotide

synthetic somatostatin with a long 1/2 life

11

What NMB is recommended for these Pts

Vec r/t cardiovascular stability

12

Most common complication during surgery?

cardiovascular instability

13

carcinoid tumors cardiovascular effects what side of the heart

Right side

14

Avoid what drugs R/T histamine release in these pts?

morphine and actracurium

15

SLE is what? systemic Lupus Erythemiatosus

chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause that effects jpints, kidneys, lungs, nervous system and serous membranes

16

2 antibodies common for SLE

anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies and anti-Sm antibodies

17

what test is the best diagnostic test for SLE

(ANA) antinuclear antibody test

18

Weight gain in SLE is due to

Hypoalbuminemia, water and salt retention

19

earliest S/S of Lupus is?

joint pain in 90% of Pt's

20

Most common lesion in Lupus is?

Butterfly rash over face

21

RA Assessment

Neck and airway assessment crucial, for subluxation of the atlanto-axial joint 25%

22

RA S/S

joint pain w nodules, worse in the morning but improving with activity, fatigue, wt loss, depression and disability 25% of RA Pts

23

atlanto-axial subluxation

80% anterior, 5% posterior, Vertical 10-20%

24

Airway envolvement

Cricoarytnoid joints, w nodules may distort anatomy, ROM of Neck and TMJ mobility may interfere w mouth opening

25

All RA Pts should have what test

C Spine xray

26

Most common symptom of atlanto-axial subluxation is

pain radiating to the occiput the paraesthesia to the shoulders and arms with head movement

27

Thyroidectomy are at high risk for what post-op?

PONV