Test Four ~ Ch. 16-20 Flashcards Preview

AP World History > Test Four ~ Ch. 16-20 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Test Four ~ Ch. 16-20 Deck (42):
0

Renaissance

First in Italy. Then moved north to France, Low Countries, England, & Germany- more religion. Art, litature, religion.

1

Mercantilism

Economic theory that gov. promoted of limits of imports. More trade within for better tax revenue- 17&1800s in Europe.

2

Portuguese Exploration Initiative

Excitement of discovery, the harm they might cause to the Muslims, and the wealth they would gain

3

Prince Henry

Portuguese prince responsible for direction of series of expeditions of the African coast in 1500s. Marked the beginning of western exploration. Didn't go out, but made school to teach others. Get down the india. De Gama made it to India 1498. Diez made it to tip.

4

Initial British Expeditions

Wanted to discover northwest passage to reach India- ran into North America. Portugal owns who gets into India cause they own the tip of Africa. Northwest passage exist, but in ice.

5

Brazil

World lead sugar producer. Founded by Portuguese blown off course. Half of population slaves. Example for Caribbean colonies. Cabral finds it.

6

The Spice Islands

Orginally owned by Portugal. Indonesia and Mayalsia. Megium circum navigated the world. Dutch barter for islands. Cinnamon- cuts your hands off.

7

Magellan Expidtions

Traveled around the whole world, claimed the Philippians(trading hub for China) for Spain. Died during the voyage. First voyage around the world. 1519-1521. Only Spain there

8

Columbian exchange

Foods- new world, disease, and people, ideas, animals- new world. All over the world. Not just America, Asia too.

9

East Indian companies

Dutch(spice islands) and British(India) had monopolies of trade. Could raise armies and make money of their own. Private contractors. Must fly under a flag otherwise you're a pirate :)

10

Battle of lepanto.

Reaction of ottomans. Forcing them back to trade on land. Venice and Genoa fleet Vatican fleet- pope's fleet. Spain had few ships in their too. Ottomen lose their power.

11

Nagasaki

Only port that is open in Japan. Only Dutch can come in cause they don't make them change relgion or culture, just making money.

12

Humanism

Focus on humankind study. Studying classic lit. Stressed by Italian Renissance, no merge of bible and lit. Study of human indivuality.

13

Gutenberg

Bring Chinese tech to Europe. First printing press. Faster way to get news and info out to people. No longer copying by hand. 95 thesis traveled on press

14

European family style

Access to property, food, steady jobs? Started to family plan before getting married. Later marry age.

15

Protestant reformation

Started with 95 thesis. Martin Luther hated priest told pple what was in the bible, but wasn't. Priest told lies to get money/good works and were mislead to rebuild St. Pete's in Rome.

16

Marin Luther

German monk. Started Protestant reformation. Wants to make the church look at what was wrong with church. Luther church founded after exiled.

17

Henry the 8

Wanted a male heir. Pope wouldn't let him remarry. Breaks away from Catholic Church. King puts himself in charge of Anglican Church(church of England)

18

Calvinism

Jean Calvin. Predestination- god has predetermined who gets in to Switzerland. John nox made preperterian chruch in Scotland

19

Jesuits

Trying to get rid of pple against Catholic Church. Promote catholic version. Want to be the first to tell Indians about catholic

20

Abolsutism

Notion of leader who has advisors, but doesn't have to listen to them. Louie 14 is ex. Parliament- estate general. Comasnt warfare to prove he is powerful. Uses lots of $. Versailles palace.

21

Louie 14

Paranoid. Make them live in palace to keep check. Middle class spy on noble. See absolutism

22

Moscow/Ivan 3/Third Rome

Moscow became capital after Mongols. Ivan the great- prince of Moscow, doesn't pay taxes. Mongols are challenged and leave we out fight. Ivan becomes Zhar(mention to Ceaser). Princes responsible for taxes/tribute. First- Rome, second- Byzantine, Third- Russia

23

Romanovs

Ivan dynasty, next Micheal Romanovs dynasty started to up to 1970 Nichols 2

24

Peter the Great

Romanovs, conquest to Baltic Sea. Tried to link Russia with Europe. Went to war with Sweden. St. Pete's becomes capital. Big westernization polics. Peter wanted to change the outlook on Russia. Missed renaissance, reformation. Armies, women roles, edu.

25

Coercive Labor in Russia

Forced labor in Russia. Serfdom- don't get rid of. Russia can't get rid of cause they are agricultural society. Have to have cheap labor. Don't touch serfdom cause the whole economy focuses on that

26

Paganism of Poland

Austria and Prussia(rivals), Russia alliance- go against Poland. Take them off the map until WWI.

27

Enlightenment

After science revolution. Applying logic and reason to social world. Studying society, politically and socially. Rational law can explain behavior. Affect of American revolution, French Revolution- rebelling against absolute monarch- death of monarchs- becomes too bloody, abolishmish of slavery,

28

Chinese exploration

Ming- Yonglow, 7 Expidtions, roots in mongol conquest, not a lot of Indian Ocean, more Silk Road. Muslim leader- zheng he. Stopped because it gave too much power to merchants- confusion.

29

Core nations

Nationals that are usually on Europe, gone through exploration, colonies bring back raw materials. People that own colonies

30

Coreicive labor, Mita system

Slaves, serfdom. Inca system, pay labor to gov instead of taxes. Spanish took it and make it towards Spain gov. Encomienda system- slave trade with Africa

31

De Las Casas

Priest, leader of Indian rights- conversion of pple. Conquestador then priest

32

Explorers

Cal brawl- portugese, found Brazil. Coertez- Spain, Aztecs, gets ally with neighbors and take down, smallpox. Piazoro- Cuzco, incas, captures Aldo wapa for gold and then murders him, Lima new capital

33

American population loss

Diseases*, conquest, warfare, overwork,
*#1 factor.

34

Peru mercury and silver mine

Mercury pulls silver out of ore. Potosi- silver mine- Spain's Hualcavlica -mercury mine Spain's . Minsagerais- Portuguese gold mine- Brazil

35

Spanish convoy system

Warships escort them around the world

36

Portugese trade forts

Ports that hold slave, rum, other goods

37

Chirstian conversion in Africa

Congo, Benin- portugese are traders. Remain key trade partners, not slaves

38

William

Member of parliament. 1807 got rid of slave in England

39

Indies piece

Valuable type of slave. Strong, young man

40

Triangluar trade

Raw got Europe. Middle passage, longest passage. Slaves 12 million. 2 million didn't survive journey. Brazil got most

41

Impact of slave trade on Africa

Ratio guys to girls unbalanced. Men were more wanted for slaves. More Christian conversions. Introduction of firearms- increase in warfare.