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Flashcards in Dates Part VI Deck (52):
0

1912

African National Congress Party
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Sought to end apartheid and the white minority gov, and British and Dutch presence

1

1912

Fall of Qing Dynasty in China
Start of Chinese Revolution
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People not happy with the failure in the opium wars; wanted to end western influence that the dynasty had been letting in

2

1914-1918

World war I
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Set up WWII, alliances made this a large war. Collapse of Ottoman and Austria-Hungary empires.

3

1916

Arab revolts against Ottomans
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Ottomans' Turkish culture alienated the Arabs; this caused them to revolt. Ended up leading to the dismantling of the empire

4

1917

US enters WWI
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Zimmerman note was a threat to US, along with Germany's submarine warfare... Perfect timing- fills in for Russia leaving

5

1917

Russian revolution
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Didn't want to be in war...after the abdication of the tzar and the overthrowing of the provisional gov, they finally got out

6

1917

Balfour declaration
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Britain basically empty-promises the Jews a homeland in hopes of them supporting the war effort

7

1919

Versailles peace settlement, League of Nations
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Treaty only furthered hate: left out many countries, centered around France and Britain's wants. League of Nations was created by US, but GB and France butchered it and it was ineffective

8

1920

Treaty of Sevres
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Reorganizes middle east. Ottoman empire reduced to just Turkey, became democratic. France, GB, and Italy divided the rest of the countries in a mandate system. Put weight behind GB's Balfour Declaration

9

1921

Foundation of Chinese communist party
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Led by Mao to oppose nationalists (who were too friendly to the west for the communists' taste)

10

1927-1928

Stalin takes power in the Soviet Union
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Succeeds Lenin (pure communist leader of the Bolsheviks). Stalin was more controlling, totalitarian: created 5 year plan and collectivization

11

1929-1933

Height of Great Depression
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Countries had already been on their way, but the US stock market crash set everything off. Made people desperate- Hitler rises in Germany.

12

1931

Japan invades Manchuria
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To gain resources-> to improve industry-> to build military. China was preoccupied, and League was ineffective

13

1931-1937

Ghandi-led resistance in India
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Peaceful protest was revolutionary. Resistance of British, who went back on their promise of independence. Boycotts of British goods spurred the British to beat them- which made the British look bad.

14

1933

Nazi rise to power
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Used the coverup of WWI to bully neighbors and unwanted races

15

1933-1939

New Deal in US
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FDR's plan to bring US out of the depression, trying to put people back in work- social security was a significant product of this

16

1935

German rearmament; Italy captures Ethiopia
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Germany's army is growing to defy Versailles treaty. Ethiopia had resisted invasionbut now Italy covers up past embarrassment by conquering them at last

17

1937

Army officers take over gov in Japan
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They move further into China, resources-> industrialization-> militarization; hoping to create a pacific empire

18

1939

Nazi-Soviet (non-aggressive) pact
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Between Hitler and Stalin; Hitler wants to eliminate a two-front war so he promises not to invade

19

1939-1945

World War II
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Finishes off the WWI tensions. Womens rights increase

20

1941

Pearl Harbor
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Brings US into WWII

21

1942-1945

Holocaust
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Galvanized public support for a Jewish homeland in the Mid. East

22

1945

Formation of United Nations
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Replaces the League; is better: more global, not exclusive, more responsible

23

1945

Communists proclaim Vietnam independence
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Beginning of a battle against the French. Eventually results in a united communist country in 1973

24

1945

Atomic bombs dropped on Japan
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Ends WWII, starts trend of nuclear threat in cold war

25

1945-1948

Soviet takeover of East Europe
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Iron curtain division between east communist influence Europe and west capitalist/ democracy Europe

26

1946-1947

Philippino independence
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Part of decolonization, let go by US to prevent communists from targeting it

27

1947

Peronism in Argentina
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Got backing from military, business, etc, but fell when abandoned

28

1947

India and Pakistan gain independence
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India ends up all Hindu and the Muslims break off to form Pakistan

29

1947-1949

Marshall plan
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US assists countries in return for their denial of communism. Containing communism

30

1948

Division of the Koreas
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Stalemate war resulted in the splitting of the communist north and authoritarian south on the 36th parallel

31

1948

Israel-Palestine partition
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Zionists finally get their homeland, and more, because of the Palestine's protests leading to a losing battle- Palestine replaced by Israel

32

1949

Formation of NATO
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Alliance against communism...this pattern last led to world war...

33

1949

Communists in China
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Caused the Nationalist party to move to Taiwan where they est. their government

34

1950-1953

Korean war
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North trying to invade south in hopes of a united communist Korea; US cannot unify as a capitalist whole Korea but do at least push the north back

35

1955

Warsaw pact
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Agreement among communists- oppose NATO

36

1959

Cuban revolution
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Batista overthrown, US turned against him. Castro takes power and turns out to be communist

37

1960's

Civil rights movements
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Eliminating superior/inferior ideas in US. Equality between ethnicities increasing; women for a more vital part in society- feminism on the rise

38

1962

1. Algeria independence,
2.Cuban missile crisis
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1. Ends decolonization
2. Poses nuclear threat to US as soviets use Cuba as a foothold

39

1965-1968

Cultural revolution in China
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Mao's last attempt to block all westernization

40

1965-1973

Vietnam war
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United as a communist country

41

1975

Union of Vietnam under communism complete
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Yep.

42

1975-1998

Democracy spreads in Latin America
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Important to US, to imply less communist holdings, although they no longer implement troops. Cuba of course stays communist

43

1976

Death of Mao
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Deng takes over and infuses some capitalism and privatization to create a more socialist China

44

1979

Iranian war
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Theocracy was still up in the air, but this case was so far successful

45

1980-1988

Iran-Iraq war
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Invasion over religious matters (iraq invaded by shia iranians), history repeat

46

1985

Gorbachev head of soviets
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Perestroika: economic restructuring; glasnost: openness, i.e, Russia to the outside world

47

1990

Reunification of Germany
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Berlin wall, symbol of not just German but European division, breaks down

48

1990-1991

Iraq invades Kuwait
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US jumps to Kuwait's rescue- they are a valuable oil supplier to the US. Terrorists oppose US.

49

1994

Oslow peace accord between Israelis and Palestinians
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Israel recognizes a gov representive of Palestine (plo); Palestine recognizes Israel's existence.

50

1999

Vladimir Putin elected pres of Russia
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President= no more soviets, no more communism. Democracy now

51

2003

US and British war with Iraq
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Started over presence of nuclear weapons- as long as they were limited, peace could be maintained