Test Three ~ Ch. 11-15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test Three ~ Ch. 11-15 Deck (53):
0

Contacts in Americas in postclassical

Look at back of chapter 11. No contacts until 1492. Western is isolated from rest of the world.

1

Tula

Toltects capital. Before Aztecs

2

Toltec culture

Concentration on war, human scarfifrce- Aztecs copy and replace them

3

Aztecs

Empire

4

Texcoco

Center of Aztec power. Capital of

5

Huizulpoki

sun god of Aztecs. Needed energy to rise, feed human blood

6

Aztec view of history

When sun god doesn't rise, world is destroyed and remade again.

7

China pas

Agricultural technique. Beds of soil that float on the lake.

8

Cuzco

Inca capital. Massive temple of the sun- no human scarf rice

9

Spilt-inheritance

Inca. All offspring get things. Everyone gets a portion of the empire.

10

Cult of the sun

Inca. Important god. Responsible for keeping the temple-kings. Name of temple. That's the type of relgion

11

Inca socialism

Did not mix. Strict social class. 10 Allyu-social classes.
Inca conquer people cause of spilt inheritance to build up their own empire. They owe revenue in labor. Socialism everyone is working together for the group.

12

Era of division

No dynasty in charge. Between Han and Sui. Sui Wendi ends the era-Sui. Han, era, Sui,

13

Sui dynasty

Grand canal

14

Tang Dynasty

Confusian scholar gentry- gotta pass with your brain, not birth to be in gov. Han Wudi FIRST started it. Tang brought it back. Top level- jenshi.

15

Ministry of rights

Government vero that puts on the exam.

16

Pure land Buddism

Lower class. Salvation one. There is an after life. You can be saved and go to heaven. They want something to look forward too

17

Chan Buddism

Educated elite. Zen Buddism. Meditation. Philosophical ideas.

18

Empress Wu

Tries to make Buddism state relgion. No strict social class- equality. Buddies a isn't Chinese, it's Indian. It's better than our own. Monks had ALOT of power and land. Backlash against Buddism.

19

Song/Tang Dynasty

Tang comes first. Tang more centralized, border stretched beyond mordern China. (Southern) Song paid tribute to nomads, became too expensive. Sing pick up and move south into Wung he.

20

Grand canal

Connected Wung he and Yung Tze rivers. Made for connecting north and south. Gotta get food to population in north.

21

Buddism in Japan

Got it from China through Korea. Religious writing needs to be translated. Chinese writing needs to be adapted to Japan.

22

Takin reforms

Reforming society. Trying to be Chinese in style. Tried to make emperor like China, didn't succeed, feudalism. Court really doesn't run Japan. Military does

23

Tale of Gengi

First novel EVER. gives us a look inside the heian court. lady Mursaki wrote it.

24

Fujiawara family

Intermarried with Yamoto clan - Japanese emporers.

25

Bushi

Generals of futal armies. Regional warlords, comanders of war lords- lords in Europe

26

Samurai

Like knights.under the power of bushi

27

Bakufu

Military government. Emporer didn't really rule.
Samurai fought in Gempa wars. Where they rule from Kamkurra

28

Zen Buddism. Dimiyo

Higher classes. Valued by samurai. Like chan Buddism. Dimyo-war lords Promoted it. Academic practice of Buddism.
Dim.. -Obedience

29

Buddism in Korea

Just Buddism in general- High class. Buddist monks carried it from China. Middle passage.

30

Mongol culture

Nomadic. Warlike. Inter clan rivalry. Middle men along Silk Road. Military was all Calvary- archers. Pretend to retreat and then surround enemy. Learned in the hunt.

31

Mongol military

Strong archers- Calvary. Very good communication

32

Kankorum

Capital of Mongol empire. Very odd since nomadic.

33

Chiggis Khan, succession.

When King died, chief status went to son. Ogdie succeeded him. Split into 4 kingdoms, Middle East, Russia, steps, China- Khanate

34

Khanate of golden hoard

Russia. Referred to tents. Kiev was destoryed- didn't surrender. Moscow became big trading base, became capital- did surrender. Ivan- prince- tax collector.

35

Russia before Mongols

Eastern Orthodox(continued after). Political fragmentation. Petty kingdoms had a princes in charge. They didn't work together to save Russia.

36

Effect of Mongols on Russia

Unified, stronger as a result. More centralized. Tsar- ruler after Mongols leave. Missed renaissance

37

Mogols defeat Egypt

Slaves that were sold to Egypt some years early rose up to military power and with the the help of the Christians that allowed them to cross through Palestine were able to defeat the Mongols.

38

Yuan dynasty

Follows Song. Mongols in charge of China.

39

Mongol changes to china government.

Mongols have top position. No more exams. Chinese have lower.

40

Status if Mongol women

More equal. Males had leadership. Women could fight in battle. Everyone was taught to hunt. They relay on women and men for survival.

41

Ming dynasty

Took over the Mongols. Leader of rebel group to drive out Mongols. Chinese person back in charge. Zha- PEASENT CLASS.

42

Timur I Lang

Nomadic leader from turkey. Torments Middle East

43

Area outside of Turkic Expansion

China and Europe

44

Important side effects of Mongol empire

Rival of trade- safe. Pax Mongolcia- unification of Silk Road. Plague, relgion. Ming expiations- yulong - looking for more trade contacts- Muslim captain zheng he.

45

15th century global trade

Chinese- Indonesia, Polynesian,
Western Europe- ottomen put tariffs on Silk Road. Portuguese Sail around Africa.

46

European advances in 1450 and beyond

Renaissance- math, science, lit.
Compass and gunpowder has come thanks to Mongols. Take ports by force.

47

European imitative for expansion

Ottomen taxed Europe

48

Early explorers

Vasco de Gama- sailed around Africa and first to reach India by sea. Columbus- go east to get to China, finds America

49

Dutch and Portuguese territorial disputes.

South America, Indonesia(spice islands). Dutch take control of spice islands- cinnamon.

50

Colombian exchanges food

Sugar- Caribbean
corn, potatoes help increase population
Sheep, cattle, horses old world

51

Japan closed country policy

Close off all ports to west. No one comes in and no one goes out. Ditch are allowed to go to one port novisoki.

52

Eastern and Western Europe trade relations

West sails in ocean. East relays on west for grain. East gives luxury items to west. Trading depends on location- ocean.