Flashcards in Test Three ~ Ch. 11-15 Deck (53):
Contacts in Americas in postclassical
Look at back of chapter 11. No contacts until 1492. Western is isolated from rest of the world.
Toltects capital. Before Aztecs
Concentration on war, human scarfifrce- Aztecs copy and replace them
Center of Aztec power. Capital of
sun god of Aztecs. Needed energy to rise, feed human blood
Aztec view of history
When sun god doesn't rise, world is destroyed and remade again.
Agricultural technique. Beds of soil that float on the lake.
Inca capital. Massive temple of the sun- no human scarf rice
Inca. All offspring get things. Everyone gets a portion of the empire.
Cult of the sun
Inca. Important god. Responsible for keeping the temple-kings. Name of temple. That's the type of relgion
Did not mix. Strict social class. 10 Allyu-social classes.
Inca conquer people cause of spilt inheritance to build up their own empire. They owe revenue in labor. Socialism everyone is working together for the group.
Era of division
No dynasty in charge. Between Han and Sui. Sui Wendi ends the era-Sui. Han, era, Sui,
Confusian scholar gentry- gotta pass with your brain, not birth to be in gov. Han Wudi FIRST started it. Tang brought it back. Top level- jenshi.
Ministry of rights
Government vero that puts on the exam.
Pure land Buddism
Lower class. Salvation one. There is an after life. You can be saved and go to heaven. They want something to look forward too
Educated elite. Zen Buddism. Meditation. Philosophical ideas.
Tries to make Buddism state relgion. No strict social class- equality. Buddies a isn't Chinese, it's Indian. It's better than our own. Monks had ALOT of power and land. Backlash against Buddism.
Tang comes first. Tang more centralized, border stretched beyond mordern China. (Southern) Song paid tribute to nomads, became too expensive. Sing pick up and move south into Wung he.
Connected Wung he and Yung Tze rivers. Made for connecting north and south. Gotta get food to population in north.
Buddism in Japan
Got it from China through Korea. Religious writing needs to be translated. Chinese writing needs to be adapted to Japan.
Reforming society. Trying to be Chinese in style. Tried to make emperor like China, didn't succeed, feudalism. Court really doesn't run Japan. Military does
Tale of Gengi
First novel EVER. gives us a look inside the heian court. lady Mursaki wrote it.
Intermarried with Yamoto clan - Japanese emporers.
Generals of futal armies. Regional warlords, comanders of war lords- lords in Europe
Like knights.under the power of bushi
Military government. Emporer didn't really rule.
Samurai fought in Gempa wars. Where they rule from Kamkurra
Zen Buddism. Dimiyo
Higher classes. Valued by samurai. Like chan Buddism. Dimyo-war lords Promoted it. Academic practice of Buddism.
Buddism in Korea
Just Buddism in general- High class. Buddist monks carried it from China. Middle passage.
Nomadic. Warlike. Inter clan rivalry. Middle men along Silk Road. Military was all Calvary- archers. Pretend to retreat and then surround enemy. Learned in the hunt.
Strong archers- Calvary. Very good communication
Capital of Mongol empire. Very odd since nomadic.
Chiggis Khan, succession.
When King died, chief status went to son. Ogdie succeeded him. Split into 4 kingdoms, Middle East, Russia, steps, China- Khanate
Khanate of golden hoard
Russia. Referred to tents. Kiev was destoryed- didn't surrender. Moscow became big trading base, became capital- did surrender. Ivan- prince- tax collector.
Russia before Mongols
Eastern Orthodox(continued after). Political fragmentation. Petty kingdoms had a princes in charge. They didn't work together to save Russia.
Effect of Mongols on Russia
Unified, stronger as a result. More centralized. Tsar- ruler after Mongols leave. Missed renaissance
Mogols defeat Egypt
Slaves that were sold to Egypt some years early rose up to military power and with the the help of the Christians that allowed them to cross through Palestine were able to defeat the Mongols.
Follows Song. Mongols in charge of China.
Mongol changes to china government.
Mongols have top position. No more exams. Chinese have lower.
Status if Mongol women
More equal. Males had leadership. Women could fight in battle. Everyone was taught to hunt. They relay on women and men for survival.
Took over the Mongols. Leader of rebel group to drive out Mongols. Chinese person back in charge. Zha- PEASENT CLASS.
Timur I Lang
Nomadic leader from turkey. Torments Middle East
Area outside of Turkic Expansion
China and Europe
Important side effects of Mongol empire
Rival of trade- safe. Pax Mongolcia- unification of Silk Road. Plague, relgion. Ming expiations- yulong - looking for more trade contacts- Muslim captain zheng he.
15th century global trade
Chinese- Indonesia, Polynesian,
Western Europe- ottomen put tariffs on Silk Road. Portuguese Sail around Africa.
European advances in 1450 and beyond
Renaissance- math, science, lit.
Compass and gunpowder has come thanks to Mongols. Take ports by force.
European imitative for expansion
Ottomen taxed Europe
Vasco de Gama- sailed around Africa and first to reach India by sea. Columbus- go east to get to China, finds America
Dutch and Portuguese territorial disputes.
South America, Indonesia(spice islands). Dutch take control of spice islands- cinnamon.
Colombian exchanges food
corn, potatoes help increase population
Sheep, cattle, horses old world
Japan closed country policy
Close off all ports to west. No one comes in and no one goes out. Ditch are allowed to go to one port novisoki.