The Anterior & Medial Thigh I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Anterior & Medial Thigh I Deck (23):
1

external iliac artery
--> ___ artery
--> ___ artery
--> --> ___ artery
--> --> ___ artery

femoral artery
popliteal artery
--> anterior tibial artery
--> posterior tibial artery

2

popliteal artery:

anterior tibial artery
--> ___ artery

posterior tibial artery
--> ___ artery
--> ___ arteries

dorsalis pedis artery

fibular artery
medial & lateral plantar arteries

3

superficial veins

as in the upper extremity:
- the superficial veins do not accompany any ___
- they begin as venous networks on the ___

named arteries
digits

4

great saphenous vein:

passes (anterior/posterior) to the (medial/lateral) malleolus

ascends up the (medial/lateral) side of the leg receiving communications from the ___ vein

valves present directing blood from the ___ to ___ veins

anterior
medial

medial
small saphenous vein

small saphenous vein
great saphenous vein

5

great saphenous vein:

continues up the (medial/lateral) side of the thigh

enters the ___ opening of the ___ (deep fascia of thigh) & emites into the ___ vein

medial

saphenous
fascia lata
femoral vein

6

great saphenous vein:

one way valves maintain (upward/downward) flow

communicates w/ ___ veins via ___ veins

incompetent valves: ___ veins

upward

deep
perforating

varicose

7

small saphenous vein:

ascends (anterior/posterior) to the (medial/lateral) malleolus

winds (upward/downward) & (anteriorly/posteriorly) on the calf

posterior
lateral

upward
posteriorly

8

small saphenous vein:

drains into the ___ vien behind the knee

also communicates w/ ___ veins via ___ veins

runs with the ___ nerve

popliteal

deep
perforating

sural

9

inguinal lymph nodes:
superficial nodes:

lies (above/deep to) the fascia lata in 2 groups

above the fascia lata

horizontal
vertical

10

inguinal lymph nodes:
superficial nodes:

horizontal - lie just below the ___

vertical - follow upper end of the ___ vein

inguinal ligament

great saphenous vein

11

inguinal lymph nodes:
superficial nodes:
receive lymph from:

anterior & posterior surfaces of the ___ below the ___

the ___ including:
- lower half of the ___
- ___
- all of the ___ except the ___

___ vessels of the ___ limb

trunk
umbilicus

perineum
- anal canal
- vagina
- external genitalia of both sexes except the testes

superficial lymph vessels
lower limb

12

inguinal lymph nodes:
superficial nodes:

carcinoma of any of the areas that receive lymph may metastasize to the ___

testes & ovaries drain to the ___ & ___ nodes

superficial inguinal nodes

lumbar (para-aortic)
pre-aortic

13

inguinal lymph nodes:
deep inguinal nodes:

lies (above/deep to) the fascia lata

receive all of the lymph from the ___ nodes & from the deep structures of the ___ limb

the efferent vessels from these nodes ascend through the ___ canal & drain into the ___ nodes

deep to

lower limb

femoral canal
external liliac nodes

14

deep fascia of the thigh (___):

encloses the thigh like an ___

its upper end is attached to the ___ & the ___

fascia lata

elastic stocking

pelvis
inguinal ligament

15

deep fascia of the thigh (fasica lata):

on its lateral aspect, it is thickened to form the ___ which runs from the ___ to the ___

receives the insertions of the ___ & the greater part of the ___ muscle

in the gluteal region, the fascia lata forms ___ which enclose these 2 structures

iliotibial tract (iliotibial band, IT band)
iliac tubercle
lateral condyle of the tibia

tensor fascia latae
gluteus maximimus muscle

sheaths

16

deep fascia of the thigh (fasica lata):

the ___ is a gap int he deep fascia in the anterior thigh just below the ___

it transmits the ___ vein & ___ vessels

sends in three fascial septa to the ___ of the ___ dividing the thigh into three ___ compartments

saphenous opening
inguinal ligament

great saphenous vein
lymph vessels

linea aspera of the femur
muscular compartments

17

anterior compartment of the thigh:

muscles (5)

nerve supply (1)

blood supply (femoral artery)

sartorius
iliacus
psoas major
quadriceps femoris
pectineus

femoral nerve

femoral artery

18

anterior compartment of the thigh:
sartiorus:

aka ___ muscle

nerve(s)

action(s)

tailor's muscle

femoral nerve

flexes & laterally rotates femur at hip joint
flexes & medially rotates leg at knee joint

19

anterior compartment of the thigh:
quadriceps femoris:

muscles (4)

nerve(s)

rectus femoirs
vastus medialis
vastus lateralis
vastus intermedius

femoral nerve

20

anterior compartment of the thigh:
quadriceps femoris:
action(s):

all

rectus femoris

support the knee
extend leg at knee joint

flexes femur at hip joint

20

anterior compartment of the thigh:
patellar retinacula:

epxansions of the ___ & ___ portions of the ___ tendon

attach the sides of the ___ & ___ ligament to the ___ & ___ condyles

help form & strengthen the ___

vastus medialis
vastus lateralis
quadriceps tendon

patella & patellar ligament
femoral & tibial condyles

capsule of the knee joint

21

anterior compartment of the thigh:
iliopsoas:

nerve(s):
- psoas
- iliacus

action(s)

ventral rami L2 - L4
femoral nerve

chief flexor of femur at hip joint
flexes vertebral column when sitting up from supine position
stabilizes column in sitting position

22

anterior compartment of the thigh:
pectineus:

nerve(s)

action(s)

femoral nerve
sometimes receives branches from obturator nerve

flexes & adducts femur at hip joint

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