Flashcards in The Pneumonia Syndrome Deck (11):
What are the 3 main pathogeneses of penumonia?
what are the 4 main pulmonary defense mechanisms?
1. nasal filtration
2. upper airway reflexes
3. mucociliary funx
4. alveolar macrophages/IgA/C'
What are the major pathogens causing pneumonia in children (highest to lowest prevalence):
-respiratory syncytial virus
List the hospital acquired causes of pneumonia (pathogens) in order of most to least prevalent:
What 3 pathogens have caused pneumonia epidemics in the past?
1. Respiratory viruses
2. Mycoplasma pneumoniae
What are the major 'respiratory viruses':
-Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
-Human metapneumovirus (hMPV)
What are the Sx of pneumonia?
What are the physical findings of pneumonia?
Sx: fever, chills, cough, sputum, pleuritic chest pain, dyspnea
Physical: fever, tachypnea (RR >20/min), crepitations/rales, bronchial breathing
What are the major complications of pneumonia?
-empyema, pleural effusion
-bacteremia, metastatic infection
What diagnostic tests are used for the following pathogens:
1. Resp. viruses
1. Resp virus: Nasopharyngeal swab, PCR
2. Mycoplamsa: Nasopharyngeal swab, PCR
3. Legionella: culture, urinary antigen serology, PCR
What is the Rx for pneumonia?
1. Supportive therapy
2. Antimicrobial therapy