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Flashcards in The Test Too Deck (45):
1

Bladder innervation: Sympathetic?

Hypogastric n.

2

Bladder innervation: Parasympathetic?

Pelvic n.

3

Bladder innervation: Somatic

Pudendal n.

4

Pelvic n: Give the muscle supplied and action on that muscle and spinal cord segments!

Pelvic (parasympathetic): detrusor contraction and S1-S3

5

Pudendal n. (muscle supplied? and spinal cord segments?)

Pudendal n. (somatic) striated muscle of EUS; S1-S3

6

Hypogastric n: muscle supplied? and action on muscle? and spinal cord segments?

Hypogastric (sympathetic): detrusor inhibition (beta adrenergic) and contraction of IUS

7

What type of drug is bethanecol?

parasympathomimetic

8

What type of drug is Phenoxybenzamine?

sympathetolytic

9

What is Oxybutrin—

antispasmostic; effect directly on smooth m to allow ↑ bladder
capacity; relief of symptoms associated with detrusor instability and hyperreflexia
 

10

Cystostomy may be performed by placing a Foley catheter (6 to 20 French [Fr]; depending on the size of the animal) via a small midline abdominal incision, through a _____________ approach (Bray et al, 2009), by __________ (Zhang et al, 2010), or percutaneously.

 muscle-splitting inguinal approach -Bray;  laparoscopy -Zhang

11

Stamey Malecot catheters (10 to 14 Fr) are used for ____________ placement; however, premature removal of this catheter may occur. Therefore surgically placed Foley catheters are often preferred for long-term catheterization in ambulatory patients.

percutaneous

12

Use of low-profile gastrostomy tubes for cystostomy in dogs and cats has been described and appears to be well tolerated. Regular gastrostomy (Pezzer; mushroom tip) tubes have also been used for ______ catheters. (name the location of placement).

prepubic

13

 The ______ _______ catheter can be removed by gentle traction within 3 or 4 days after placement without risk of urinary leakage; however, it is recommended that a ________ catheter be left in for 5 to 7 days.
 

Stamey Malecot catheter: 3-4 days. Foley catheter: 5-7 days.

14

What is callotasis?

callotasis—induction of endochondral ossification due to slow distraction of callus; used in distraction osteogenesis for limb lengthening procedures

15

What is the DuraFace pin?

Griffin 2011;  negative-profile pin featuring a tapered thread runout that mitigates the stress–riser effect at the thread–shaft junction
 

16

Fick's equation?

O2 consumption=CO x (A-V)O2
↓PVO2=↓CO
 

17

Fluids for uroabdomen

UC

18

Ehrlos Danlos

aka cutaneous asthenia – definition

Inherited deficiency of type I or III collagen, Himalyan cats

19

Dermatome-power driven, free knife vs other?

20

Location of the bronchus in relationship to the pulmonary artery and vein?

21

Left lung anatomy vs. Right lung anatomy?

22

Osteochondromatosis? (MCE)

23

 Three bottle set up for thoracic pleural drainage?

24

Accessory carpal bone fracture in greyhounds?

25

Muscle type classifications?

26

PRAA

27

ASA

28

Blood supply to the caudal rectum?

29

Chondrocyte transplantation?>

30

Pancreatic duct anatomy (dog vs. cat)?

In the dog the accessory pancreatic duct (duct of Santorini) enters the minor duodenal papilla and is the major contributor.  The pancreatic duct (duct of Wirsung) opens at the major duodenal papilla ADJACENT to the common bile duct

 In the CAT 80% have  a single pancreatic duct and it fuses with the common prior to entering the MAJOR dudenal papilla

31

Surgicell, gelfoam, Instat (bovine collagen mesh), hemopad (bovine collagen mesh), fibrin glue?

 

32

 Urachal diverticulum?

33

Vesicularurtero reflux

 

34

Partition coefficient-methoxy, iso, halothane (stability, rate of induction, MAC)?

 

35

Absorbent soda lime

36

What is the treatment for oral melanoma ?

37

What is the prognosis for oral melanoma?

38

Dermal melanoma? What are the factors that influcence malignancy? depth? size? etc

39

Normal ratio of trachea in dogs? brachycephalics? English bulldogs?

40

name 4 or 5 colloids and then order them from the smallest to largest size.

41

The different effects of all the different colloids on coagulation?

42

EEA

43

GIA

44

TA

45