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Anatomy & Physiology > Tissue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Tissue Deck (26):
0

What type of tissue is found in coverings & linings?

Epithelia

1

Where is the epithelia found?

Skin, gut, lungs, urinary tract, peritoneal cavity (fluid filled spaces)

2

What do epithelial cells lie on?

Matrix of connective fibres

3

What is the matrix of connective fibres under the epithelium called?

Basement membrane

4

What is the function of the basement membrane?

Provides support

5

What do epithelia do continuously?

Replace dead & damaged cells

6

Define a simple epithelium?

Single layer of epithelial cells

7

Define stratified epithelium?

Many layers of epithelial cells

8

Define ciliated epithelium?

Epithelium with tiny hair like projections

9

Define squamous?

Flattened or squashed

10

Define cuboidal?

Square shaped

11

Define columnar?

Tall & column shaped

12

Where might you find simple epithelial cells?

Alveoli, kidneys, small intestines

13

Where might you find stratified epithelium?

Vagina, skin, mouth, eosophagus

14

Where might you find ciliated epithelium?

Trachea, upper respiratory tract

15

What tissue is structural & mostly supports various organs?

Connective tissue

16

How do we define connective tissue?

2 components. 1 cellular & 1 non cellular component.

17

What strengthens connective tissue?

Collagen

18

Where can connective tissue be found?

Bone, ligaments, tendons, cartilage, fat, blood

19

What tissue is composed of neurons & conducts electrical impulses?

Nervous

20

Where is nervous tissue found?

Central nervous system & peripheral nervous system

21

Which tissue contains contractile proteins?

Muscle

22

What type of muscle requires voluntary activation?

Skeletal muscle

23

What muscle is only found in the myocardium & is involuntary?

Cardiac muscle

24

What muscle is found in the walls of internal organs & is involuntary?

Smooth

25

Define what an organ is?

An organ is a structure that performs a function or set of functions within a system