Topic 2: MARS and Personality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 2: MARS and Personality Deck (17):
1

What are the 6 factors that effect the MAR from the MARS model

VePehPEAS

  • Values
  • Personality
  • Perceptions
  • Emotions
  • Attitudes
  • Stress

2

What models have we studied that explain personality?

  • Myers-Briggs Model
  • Five Factor Personality Model

3

Explain how personaility develops during ones lifetime

Influence by 'nuture' factors are considerable:

  • Personality is not stable at birth
  • Influenced by socialisatin, life experiences and learning.
  • Stabilises during adolescence
  • Our self-concept becomes clearer over time and behavior, personality becoems more consistent.

4

How is personality affected by genetics?

Heredity factors explain around 50% of behavioral tendencies and 30% of temperament.

5

What is the Five Factor Personality model?

CANOE

  • Conscientiousness: Careful, dependable, self-disciplined
  • Agreeableness: Courteous, good-natured, caring
  • Neuroticism: Anxious, hostile, depressed
  • Openness to experience: Imaignative, curious, sensitive, flexible
  • Extroversion: Outgoing, talkative, sociable, assertive

6

How do we define personality? How can we categorize them?

Relatively enduring pattern of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that caracterise a person, along with psychological processes behind those characteristics.

  • External traits  - observable behaviors
  • Internal states - thoughts, values, etc inferred from behavior

7

How do the Five Factor personality traits impact performance?

Conscientiousness and emotional stability are the best indicators of permormance.

Extroversion is linked sales and amangement performance. 

Agreeableness is effective in jobs requiring cooperation and helpfullness.

Openness to experience is linked to higher creativity and adaptablility to change.

8

Give the background to the Myers-Briggs type indicator.

Based on Jungian personality theory, made by Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, who proposed that personality is primarily represented by the individuals preferences regarding perceiving and judging information.

9

Give the Myers-Briggs Types

Extroversion vs Introversion

Sensing vs Intuition

Thinking vs Feeling

Perceiving vs Judging

10

Give the traits for extroversion

Extroversion:

  • Outgoing
  • Interacting
  • Gregarious
  • Publicly impressive
  • Speaks, then thinking

 

11

Traits of introversion

  • Quiet
  • Reserved
  • Concentrating
  • Reflective
  • Thinks, then speaks

12

Give the traits for a 'sensing' person 

Sensing

  • Practical
  • Specific
  • Feet on the ground
  • details
  • Concrete

 

13

Give the traits of an 'Intuiting' person

  • General
  • Abstract
  • Head in the clouds
  • Possibilities
  • Theoretical

14

Give the traits of a 'Thinking' Person

  • Analytical
  • Clarity
  • Head
  • Justice
  • Rules

15

Give the traits of a 'Feeling' person

  • Subjective
  • Harmony
  • Heart
  • Mercy
  • Circumstances

16

Give the traits of a 'Judging' person

  • Structured
  • Time oriented
  • Decisive
  • Organised
  • Makes lists / uses them

 

17

Give the traits of a 'Perceiving' Person

  • Flexible
  • Open eneded
  • Exploring Spontaneous
  • Makes lists/loses them