Toxicology Flashcards Preview

Pharm > Toxicology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Toxicology Deck (47)
Loading flashcards...
31

How do you treat OD/poisoning with Cu?

*Penicillamine (1st choice) or dimercaprol for chelation

32

How do you treat OD/poisoning with cyanide?

Charcoal
*B12
Nitrites
Thiosulfates

33

How do you treat OD/poisoning with digitalis glycosides?

Charcoal
Atropine
*Digibind (antibody)

34

How do you treat OD/poisoning with ethanol?

Supportive

35

How do you treat OD/poisoning with methanol or ethylene glycol?

Gastric aspiration
*Fomepizole or EtOH
Hemodialysis

36

How do you treat OD/poisoning with gold?

*Dimercaprol for chelation

37

How do you treat OD/poisoning with Fe?

Gastric decontamination
IV fluids
*Deferoxamine for chelation

38

How do you treat OD/poisoning with Pb?

Removal of Pb source from stomach
EDTA for chelation

39

How do you treat OD/poisoning with Li?

Gut decontamination
IV fluids

40

How do you treat OD/poisoning with methemoglobinemia-inducing agents?

Methylene blue

41

How do you treat OD/poisoning with opioids?

Ventilation
O2
*Naloxone

42

How do you treat OD/poisoning with organophosphate agents?

Charcoal
Gastric lavage
*Atropin, then 2-PAM (pralidoxime)

43

How do you treat OD/poisoning with salicylates?

Charcoal
Gastric lavage
NaHCO3 to alkalinize urine
Hemodialysis

44

How do you treat OD/poisoning with sedative/hypnotics?

Airway
Pressors
*Flumazenil

45

How do you treat OD/poisoning with TCAs?

Charcoal
Gastric lavage
Benzos/barbs for seizures
IV fluids
NaHCO3

46

For what drug class OD/poisoning would you add Mg2+ to the regimen to treat v-tac? (2)

Anticholinergic agents
Antihistamines

47

How do you treat OD/poisoning with CCBs?

Gastric lavage
Charcoal
Fluids, pressors, Ca+, Epi or Glucagon for hypotension