Flashcards in Treatment of Type 1 diabetes Deck (12)
Useful discriminatory tests for T1DM?
GAD/anti-islet cell anitbodies
C-peptide is usually found in the same concentration as...
Trial which showed inverse relationship between HbA1c and risk of hypoglycaemic events?
Thirst, tiredness, blurred vision, weight loss, polyuria, nocturia, fungal infections
Cognitive, mood state, information processing, working memory
Potential risk of diabetic ketoacidosis (“DKA”)
Pallor, sweating, tremor, palpitations, confusion, nausea, hunger.
Cognitive: tense-tiredness, information processing, working memory, coma
Starting dose for insulin for T1DM?
0.3 units/kg body weight
-divide around 50% prandial and 50% basal
Short acting insulin
-how long they last
Onset: 30-60 mins
Peak: 2-4 hours
Last:s 5-8 hours
Rapid acting insulin
-peak of action
Onset: 10-15 mins
Peak action: 60-90 mins
Duration: 4-5 hours
How much insulin per 10g carbs?
1 unit of insulin per 10g CHO
What type of insulin in a pump?
Limitations of insulin injection/pump
- into subcutaneous tissue
peak too slow to prevent post-meal