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Flashcards in unit 1 Deck (144)
1

Licensed practical nurse

1 year in length
Work under RN

2

Multi exit programs

Provide opportunity to discontinue education at certain points in a program and work

3

Name the three types of RN programs

Diploma
Associate degree
Baccalaureate

4

Articulation

Have an agreement with other colleges to accept the credits to continue on with higher education

5

Graduate nursing

Specialization occurs

6

CEU

Continuing education
30 hrs needed to maintain your RN

7

Credentialing

Necessary to maintain credentials

8

Licensure

Legal permit based upon standards

9

Registration

Given status recorded in a registry

10

Certification

Recognition of meeting standards of competency in specialty area

11

Accreditation

Recognizes institutions/programs meet standards

12

Who does the accreditation for hospitals?

Joint commission

13

Evidence based practice

Base practice on scientific evidence

14

Benners stages of nursing expertise

Novice
Advanced beginner
Competent
Proficient
Expert

15

Career ladder

Progression from one degree to another

16

Why have healthcare costs sky rocketed?

Malpractice
New technology
Aging population
Cost shifting
Increased cost of prescription drugs

17

Cost shifting

Paying for those who can't pay

18

Medicare

Insurance for those over 65 years

19

Medicaid

Insurance for those of low income and disability

20

DRG

Diagnostic related groups
Est. pretreatment diagnosis billing

21

Managed care

Focus on prevention

22

3 leading causes of death & disability?

CAD
CVA
Cancer

23

Telemedicine

Long distance healthcare, w/out state boarders

24

Patient Bill of Rights

The Right to:
Choose
Access emergency services
Be a full partner in healthcare decisions
Care w/out discrimination
Privacy
Speedy complaint resolution

25

HIPAA

Healthcare insurance portability and accountability Act

26

Why is there a nursing shortage?

Aging workforce

27

Avg. age of a nurse?

48

28

Criteria for a professional

Utilizes a body of specialized knowledge

29

5 essential characteristics of a profession

Code of ethics
Altruism
Specialized education
Research
Autonomy

30

Altruism

Selflessness

31

Autonomy

Own profession

32

Code of ethics

Formal statement of a groups ideals and values

33

Advocate

Looking out for patients rights

34

Inpatient

Pt physically stays at facility (more than 24 hours)

35

Outpatient

Less than 24 hour stay

36

Most important member of the healthcare team

The patient

37

Roles of caregiver

Restore physical, psychological and social well being

38

Goal of rehabilitation

To assist clients with injury or illness to achieve maximum functioning

39

Framework

Underlying structure of healthcare for continuity of care and cost effectiveness

40

Patient focused care

Focus on bringing all services to the client

41

Case method

One on one care
RN manages total care
ICU

42

Team nursing

RN heads team
Delegates tasks

43

Primary nursing

RN responsible for overseeing care of clients 24/7

44

HMO

Health maintenance organization

45

Functions of the law in nursing

Provide a framework for est. what nursing actions are legal

46

Nurse practice act is under which law?

Statutory law (legislative)

47

State of board of nursing falls under which law?

Executive

48

Name the three sources of law

Statutory
Executive
Judicial

49

Judicial law is aka?

Common law

50

Judicial law

To resolve disputes between two parties

51

Criminal law

Deals with actions harmful to the public and the individual

52

Civil law

Has two subdivisions
Contract
Tort

53

Tort

Civil wrong committed by a person against another person or his property

54

The most common law affecting nursing practice

Tort law

55

Tort liability

Seeks compensation for damages

56

Negligence

No intent to do harm

57

Intentional torts are

Invasion of property
Breach of confidentiality
Fraud
HIPAA

58

Fraud

False presentation of facts

59

Assault

Threat of bodily injury
Am act to invoke fear

60

Battery

Touching of another's body w/o consent

61

False imprisonment

Unlawful restraint against wishes

62

Defamation of character

False communication

63

Slander

Spoken work

64

Libel

Printed written word

65

Malpractice

Negligent acts of people with speaclized education

66

How too you have to prove malpractice?

Breach has to cause harm

67

What defines the practice of professional nursing?

Nurse practice act

68

Who establishes standards for nursing practice

State board of nursing

69

Is licensure mandatory to practice nursing as RN

True

70

Treating a patient in a manner considered unethical

Unprofessional conduct

71

Good Samaritan law

Protects hcw who provide care at accident scenes against willful wrong doing

72

Agreement by pt to accept a treatment or procedure after being provided complete information

Informed consent

73

Implies consent

Pt's non verbal behavior indicates agreement

74

Delegation

Transferring responsibility of performance for a task from one person to another

75

During delegation, who remains responsible for the pt?

RN

76

HIPAA applies to electronic transfer of information among organizations

True

77

Advanced directives

Legal document allowing a person to specify aspects of care they wish to have should they become unable

78

Name the two types of advanced directives

Living will
Healthcare proxy (power of attorney)

79

What are the legal actions of a student nurse?

Responsible for own actions & negligence

80

Ethics

Branch of philosophy dealing with standards of conduct and moral judgement

81

Values

Ideas or beliefs

82

Beneficence

Duty to do good

83

Nonmaleficence

Duty to do no harm

84

Veracity

Duty to tell truth

85

Justice

Principle of fairness

86

Fidelity

Duty to keep ones promise

87

Theoretical framework

Can be used to explain ethical decisions and actions

88

Utilitarian

Consequence based

89

Deontologic

Principle based

90

Dilemma

Conflict of basic human rights

91

Wellness

Healthy balance of mind body spirit

92

Continua

On going

93

Health illness continua

Scale measures perceived health from good to poor

94

Agent host environment model

How factors predict illness

95

Eudemonistic model

Health is actializarion or reaching full potential

96

Adaptive model

Disease fail to adapt

97

Clinical model

Health is the absence of illness

98

Illness

Abnormal process in which any aspect of a persons functioning is diminished or impaired as compared with his previous condition

99

Culture

The learned, shared, and transmitted values, beliefs, norms and life way practices of a particular group that guide thinking

100

Transcultural nursing

Study of different cultures and subcultures with respect to nursing and health, illness, caring practices, beliefs and values

101

Spirituality

Dealing with the unknown or uncertainties in life

102

Complimentary therapy

Used in addition to conventional treatment

103

Alternative therapy

Therapy used in place of conventional treatment

104

Biofeedback

Process for monitoring body functions through relaxation or imagery

105

Naturopathic medicine

Remedies from nature

106

Therapeutic touch

Massage and reflexology

107

Holistic care

Mind, body and spirit
The whole or

108

Professionalism

Set of attributes
Way of life

109

Client centered care

Most important
Everything we do is for the pt

110

Health promotion

Promoting wellness

111

Health maintenance

Preventing illness

112

Health restoration

Early detection & recovery

113

American nurses association definition of nursing

A diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential problems

114

3 essential components of professional nursing

Care
Cure
Coordination

115

Modern nursing theorist

Seek to define the basis and principles of nursing practice systematically and uniquely

116

4 major concepts central to nursing theory

Health
Person
Environment
Nursing

117

Nightingale theory

Act of utilizing the enviornment

118

Henderson theory

Assist ppl who can't help themselves

119

Orem theory

Self care/ self care deficit model

120

What influences nursing?

Religion
War
Societal views
Women's roles

121

When did nursing start

Begging of man kind

122

Apprentice

On job training
No formal education

123

500-1500

Built hospitals

124

1400-1800

Medical education ignored

125

Who was founder of nursing?

Florence nightingale

126

What did Florence Nightingale do for nursing?

Improved enviornment that pt's were in, education

127

Lady of the lamp

Florence nightingale

128

When was nightingale school of nursing est?

1860

129

Clara Barton

Est red cross
Volunteered in civil war as nurse

130

Dorothea Dix

Nurse in civil war, unions supervisor of nurses in army hospitals

131

World war one influenced nursing, how?

Treated injuries never seen before
Progressed health care

132

World war II influenced nursing, how?

Bc of lack of nurses, CNA & LPNs were developed

133

Linda Richards

America's first professional nurse

134

Mary Mahoney

First africian American nurse

135

Lillian wald

Created Henry street settlement

136

Clara Maas

Volunteered as test subject for yellow fever, on postage stamp

137

Margaret Sanger

Planned parenthood
Birth control

138

Mary Breckinridge

Est. frontier nursing
Began first midwifery school

139

1910

Flexor Report
Nursing a profession

140

1965

ANA Position paper
BSN still debating

141

Compact licensure

Multi state license

142

Beebe hospital founded

1916

143

Beebe school of nursing established?

1921

144

Nursing education is controlled by?

States board of nursing