unit IV Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in unit IV Deck (83)
1

Constitutes that make the drugs molecular structure

Chemical name

2

Trademark
Registered name assigned by manufacturer

Brand name

3

Name listed in FDA publications

Official name

4

What schedule of medication has to be kept in a locked drawer?

Schedule II

5

What schedule of medication is over the counter ?

Schedule V

6

Who determine the safety & efficacy of drugs?

FDA
Food drug & cosmetic act

7

Is the absorption, distribution, metabolism & excretion of drugs

Pharmacokinetics

8

Official list of drugs including source, properties, storage, doses etc

USP
United states pharmacopeia

9

Which Act categorizes controlled substances limits?

Comprehensive drug abuse prevention & control Act

10

A schedule I drug is?

A high abuse potential
Ex. LSD, cocaine

11

A substance administered for the diagnosis, cure, treatment or relief of a symptom or prevention of disease also called a drug

Medication

12

What's the first step in pharmacokinetics

Absorption

13

Most absorption happens where?

GI Tracy

14

Intravenous absorption is -------? And subcutaneous absorption is-----?

Iv - fast
Sub q- slow

15

What is the 2 nd step in pharmacokinetics?

Distribution

16

What is the 3rd step in pharmacokinetics

Metabolism

17

What is the 4th step in pharmacokinetics, & where does it normally take place

Excretion
Mostly excreted in urine

18

Therapeutic effect

The desired effect

19

Side effect

The secondary or unintended effect

20

When the level of drug is too high for the body it causes adverse effects

Drug toxicity

21

Immunologic reaction to a drug, body is exposed to a foreign substance and produced antibodies

Drug allergy

22

Body requires more of a drug for a therapeutic effect

Drug tolerance

23

Alters effect of one or both drugs potentiating or inhibiting effect

Drug interaction

24

What is the most common, safest and least expensive route for medication

Oral

25

Rout of Rx that goes under tounge, local, bypasses liver

Sublingual

26

Route of administering Rx that is given by needle

Parenteral

27

Route of administering RX that is local, skin, cavities

Topical

28

Route of administering RX through the respiratory tract

Inhalation

29

Route of administering RX to the cheek

Buccal

30

If you have a STAT Rx to administer you have how much time to administer?

20 minutes

31

Where do you chart Rx when giving to the pt?

At the bedside

32

Check medication how many times before giving Rx?

3 times

33

All med errors are reported when?

Right away and regardless of potential hazzards

34

Name the types of parenteral medication sites

ID- intradermis
IM-intramuscular
SUB Q-subcutaneous
IV-intravenous

35

When doing a parenteral medication you must make sure to use a

Sterile technique
Aseptic

36

What are advantages to the parenteral technique

Rapid absorption
Can be used in emergencies
Desired dose is more accurate
Prevents gastric irritation

37

What are some disadvantages of the parenteral technique

Aseptic technique
Painful
Possible tissue damage
Once injected its impossible to retrieve

38

What part of a syringe has to stay sterile

The hub or tip

39

Glass container that holds Rx

Amble

40

Small glass or plastic bottle with sealed rubber top

Vial

41

Intradermis injections

Into skin
Used for diagnostic testing allergy TB vaccinations
Slowest absorption rate
Max Amt of drug 0.5 ml

42

Subcutaneous injection

Loose connective tissue below dermis
Heparin & insulin
Slow absorption

43

Intramuscular injections

Deposited Rx deep in muscle tissue
Quick absorption
Inject slowly

44

Prevents leakage or tracking into subcutaneous tissue

Z track IM injection

45

NG tube

Inserted into the nasopharynx placed for feeding or emptying gastric content

46

PEG tube

Surgically placed in stomach
Route for Rx and nutrients

47

Contraindications for oral Rx

Nausea
Vomiting
Dysphagia
NPO
Unconscious

48

Powdered medication and other substances compressed into hard disks

Tablet

49

Delays absorption until drug reaches stomach

Enteric coated tablet

50

Contains flavoring sweetners to enhance taste when chewed

Chewable tablets

51

Dosage allows for disintegration in solution

Effervescent tablets

52

Rx that is released and absorbed gradually in stages

Time released tablets

53

Solid dose form of powder, liquid or oil

Capsule

54

Flat, round dosage form containing drug flavored sugar and mucilage

Lozenges or troche

55

Sugar & water solution to which flavor is added

Syrups

56

Liquid preps that given orally, parentally or externally

Solution

57

Liquid & solid mixture in which solid particles are not dissolved

Suspension

58

Mixture of oil & water with agents that keep droplets suspended

Emulsions

59

Med dissolved in alcohol & water

Elixirs

60

Rx applied locally to skin, mucous membranes, or tissue membranes

Topical medications

61

Aural

Ear

62

Ocular

Eye

63

Topical Rx is absorbed

Absorbed through epidermis to dermis

64

Disadvantages of topical application

Precise dosing difficult
Absorption varies
Staining of skin, clothes

65

Semisolid fat, oil, wax or water base

Ointment

66

What is the most effective topical Rx

Ointment

67

Washing out of body cavity by stream of water or other fluid that may be medicated

Lavage

68

Adhesive patch disk or measured ointment applied to skin

Transdermal patch

69

1 ml = ? Minims

15-16 minims

70

1ml = ? Drops

15 drops (gtts)

71

1fluid dram = ? ml

4 ml

72

1ounce= ? ml

30 ml

73

1 grain = ? mg

60-65 mg

74

1 teaspoon = ? ml

5ml

75

1tablespoon = ? ml

15ml

76

1mg = ? mcg

1000 mcg

77

1gm = ? mg

1000mg

78

1kg= ? gm & ? lbs

1000gm
2.2lbs

79

1liter= ? ml

1000 ml

80

1cm = ? mm

10mm

81

1inch = ? cm

2.5 cm

82

1pound = ? Ounces

16 ounces

83

Name assigned by manufacturer before drug becomes official

Generic name