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Flashcards in unit 10 Deck (59):
1

small mills became these places, where things were made

factories

2

this machine quickly removed seeds from cotton fiber

cotton gin

3

what group of people were owned by wealthy plantation owners, and we're worked from dawn to dusk?

Slaves

4

this invention made it possible for machines to be repaired without having to replace the whole machine

interchangeable parts

5

what are the 4 main causes of the civil war?

1.) economic differences between north and south
2.) the moral issue of slavery
3.) expansion, sectionalism, and failure of compromise
4.) presidential election of 1860

6

what is a tariff?

a tax on imported goods

7

define sectionalism

an exaggerated loyalty to a particular region of the country

8

these were built to ship goods by water by connecting lakes and rivers

canals

9

the growth of industry and machinery is known as…?

the industrial revolution

10

an economic system that allows competition with little government interference is known as…?

capitalism

11

the inventions of these types of locomotives helped trade and wealth grow in the north and Midwest

steam power

12

these made shipping faster and cheaper, and products became less expensive because of it.

railroads

13

the invention of these improved communication, it used electric signals to transmit messages and was created by Samuel morse.

telegraph

14

these immigrants caused population to explode in the north, some came to escape the potato famine and some to escape a failed revolution.

Irish and German immigrants

15

this is the term used to describe plantation owners

planters

16

these were southern laws that controlled enslaved people

slave codes

17

this was a network of slave houses to help spaces escape from slavery

Underground Railroad

18

this compromise said that Missouri would enter the union as a slave state, and Maine would enter as a free state. It also said that the Louisiana purchase north of 36°30'N latitude would be closed to slavery.

the Missouri compromise

19

people who were hoping to abolish, or get rid of slavery, were called this

abolitionists

20

this was was fought between Mexico and America over western lands

MEXICAN American war

21

these are the lands that the U.s acquired from Mexico after the U.S. won the MEXICAN American war

MEXICAN cession

22

a plan that would ban slavery in any lands that might be acquired from Mexico

Wilmot Proviso

23

define popular sovereignty

allowing the people to decide

24

a political party who's slogan was "free soil, free speech, free labor, and free men". they were against slavery.

Free-Soil party

25

this compromise said that California would enter the union as a free state, and that the rest of the lands acquired from Mexico would have no limits on slavery. slave trade would be banned in Washington DC, and congress would pass a stronger fugitive slave law.

compromise of 1850

26

this act required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves

fugitive slave act of 1850

27

this act repealed the Missouri compromise, or opened up lands to slavery that had previously been closed to it.

Kansas-Nebraska act

28

what did it mean to be pro-slavery?

you supported slavery

29

what did it mean to be antislavery?

you were against slavery

30

this nickname was given to Kansas to due all of the fighting that went on there due to slavery issues

bleeding Kansas

31

this book was written about the life of slaves on a plantation, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe

Uncle Tom's Cabin

32

a political group that formed, because the three groups (antislavery Whigs, antislavery democrats, free-soilers) joined together

Republican Party

33

this was a Supreme Court case, dred Scott, an enslaved African American, sued his owners for his freedom since they moved to a region of the country where slavery was not common

Dred Scott Case

34

these debates were between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas, two candidates for Illinois governed. these debates were most frequently known for their strongly opposing opinions on slavery:

Lincoln-Douglas debates

35

this was a raid led by an abolitionist, who armed African American slaves and tried to help them escape. the raid was defeated by locals, and the person who led it was sentenced to hang.

John Brown's raid on harper's ferry

36

this was one of the main causes of the civil war, and the candidates were Stephen Douglas, John C. Breckinridge, John Bell, and Abraham Lincoln.

Presidential election of 1860.

37

what is a political platform?

a view on slavery (whether it should be or not be)

38

what does it mean to secede?

withdrawal from the union

39

what are the Confederate states of America?

the country that was formed after Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia seceded

40

what are the 11 states that seceded due to Lincoln's presidency?

Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas.

41

why did the started that seceded, secede?

states' rights

42

this was the spark for the U.S. Civil War that took place on April 12th, 1861 when the Confederate States opened fire on this fort

Attack on Fort Sumter

43

this man was an important american inventor who invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts

Eli Whitney

44

this man was from the southern region, and believed that the states has the right to govern themselves. He opposed tariffs because southerners bought imported goods. (big statesman)

John C. Calhoun

45

a statesman from the northern region; who favored tariffs because they protected american industries from foreign competition (Big statesman)

Daniel Webster

46

a statesman from the western region, tho proposed the American system with tariffs, internal improvements, and a national bank. (big statesman)

Henry Clay

47

name the big three statesmen

John C. Calhoun
Daniel Webster
Henry Clay

48

this man created the telegraph

Samuel Morse

49

this woman helped slaves escape slavery through the Underground Railroad

Harriet Tubman

50

this man helped slaves escape slavery after escaping slavery himself, and he became an abolitionist and wrote a book about his life as a Slave

Frederick Douglass

51

this person led an unsuccessful slave revolt

Nat Turner

52

This person was a candidate in the 1860 presidential election, he was a northern democrat who supported popular sovereignty in western lands.

Stephen Douglas

53

An enslaved African American who sued for his freedom after the family who owned him moved to a free state

Dred Scott

54

The Supreme Court justice of the Dred Scott case

Roger B. Taney

55

a candidate in the 1860 presidential election, who was a republican who wished to allow slavery where it existed, but ban it everywhere else.

Abraham Lincoln

56

this person led a raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia

John Brown

57

a candidate in the 1860 presidential election, who wanted to keep slavery where it existed and let it go west

John C. Breckinridge

58

a candidate in 1860 presidential election, who wanted to continue to compromise, or had no position on slavery

John Bell

59

who was the president of the Confederate States?

Jefferson Davis