Flashcards in unit 10 Deck (59):
small mills became these places, where things were made
this machine quickly removed seeds from cotton fiber
what group of people were owned by wealthy plantation owners, and we're worked from dawn to dusk?
this invention made it possible for machines to be repaired without having to replace the whole machine
what are the 4 main causes of the civil war?
1.) economic differences between north and south
2.) the moral issue of slavery
3.) expansion, sectionalism, and failure of compromise
4.) presidential election of 1860
what is a tariff?
a tax on imported goods
an exaggerated loyalty to a particular region of the country
these were built to ship goods by water by connecting lakes and rivers
the growth of industry and machinery is known as…?
the industrial revolution
an economic system that allows competition with little government interference is known as…?
the inventions of these types of locomotives helped trade and wealth grow in the north and Midwest
these made shipping faster and cheaper, and products became less expensive because of it.
the invention of these improved communication, it used electric signals to transmit messages and was created by Samuel morse.
these immigrants caused population to explode in the north, some came to escape the potato famine and some to escape a failed revolution.
Irish and German immigrants
this is the term used to describe plantation owners
these were southern laws that controlled enslaved people
this was a network of slave houses to help spaces escape from slavery
this compromise said that Missouri would enter the union as a slave state, and Maine would enter as a free state. It also said that the Louisiana purchase north of 36°30'N latitude would be closed to slavery.
the Missouri compromise
people who were hoping to abolish, or get rid of slavery, were called this
this was was fought between Mexico and America over western lands
MEXICAN American war
these are the lands that the U.s acquired from Mexico after the U.S. won the MEXICAN American war
a plan that would ban slavery in any lands that might be acquired from Mexico
define popular sovereignty
allowing the people to decide
a political party who's slogan was "free soil, free speech, free labor, and free men". they were against slavery.
this compromise said that California would enter the union as a free state, and that the rest of the lands acquired from Mexico would have no limits on slavery. slave trade would be banned in Washington DC, and congress would pass a stronger fugitive slave law.
compromise of 1850
this act required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves
fugitive slave act of 1850
this act repealed the Missouri compromise, or opened up lands to slavery that had previously been closed to it.
what did it mean to be pro-slavery?
you supported slavery
what did it mean to be antislavery?
you were against slavery
this nickname was given to Kansas to due all of the fighting that went on there due to slavery issues
this book was written about the life of slaves on a plantation, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom's Cabin
a political group that formed, because the three groups (antislavery Whigs, antislavery democrats, free-soilers) joined together
this was a Supreme Court case, dred Scott, an enslaved African American, sued his owners for his freedom since they moved to a region of the country where slavery was not common
Dred Scott Case
these debates were between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas, two candidates for Illinois governed. these debates were most frequently known for their strongly opposing opinions on slavery:
this was a raid led by an abolitionist, who armed African American slaves and tried to help them escape. the raid was defeated by locals, and the person who led it was sentenced to hang.
John Brown's raid on harper's ferry
this was one of the main causes of the civil war, and the candidates were Stephen Douglas, John C. Breckinridge, John Bell, and Abraham Lincoln.
Presidential election of 1860.
what is a political platform?
a view on slavery (whether it should be or not be)
what does it mean to secede?
withdrawal from the union
what are the Confederate states of America?
the country that was formed after Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia seceded
what are the 11 states that seceded due to Lincoln's presidency?
Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas.
why did the started that seceded, secede?
this was the spark for the U.S. Civil War that took place on April 12th, 1861 when the Confederate States opened fire on this fort
Attack on Fort Sumter
this man was an important american inventor who invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts
this man was from the southern region, and believed that the states has the right to govern themselves. He opposed tariffs because southerners bought imported goods. (big statesman)
John C. Calhoun
a statesman from the northern region; who favored tariffs because they protected american industries from foreign competition (Big statesman)
a statesman from the western region, tho proposed the American system with tariffs, internal improvements, and a national bank. (big statesman)
name the big three statesmen
John C. Calhoun
this man created the telegraph
this woman helped slaves escape slavery through the Underground Railroad
this man helped slaves escape slavery after escaping slavery himself, and he became an abolitionist and wrote a book about his life as a Slave
this person led an unsuccessful slave revolt
This person was a candidate in the 1860 presidential election, he was a northern democrat who supported popular sovereignty in western lands.
An enslaved African American who sued for his freedom after the family who owned him moved to a free state
The Supreme Court justice of the Dred Scott case
Roger B. Taney
a candidate in the 1860 presidential election, who was a republican who wished to allow slavery where it existed, but ban it everywhere else.
this person led a raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia
a candidate in the 1860 presidential election, who wanted to keep slavery where it existed and let it go west
John C. Breckinridge
a candidate in 1860 presidential election, who wanted to continue to compromise, or had no position on slavery