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Flashcards in unit 5a2 Deck (29):
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Define compromise

A settlement of differences in which each side gives up some of its demands in order to reach an agreement

1

Who suggested the great compromise?

Roger Sherman

2

Name the two houses of legislature under Roger Sherman's plan

House of Representatives- lower house
Senate- upper house

3

What is the name of the legislature in the U.S. That is made up of the two houses?

Congress

4

How was representation based for the House of Representatives?

Population

5

How would the number of seats in the senate pee state be determined?

Two senators per state

6

Why did southern states want to include slaves in their population count?

To gain delegates in the House of Representatives

7

Why did northern states objectify to counting slaves?

They did not want the southern states to hVe more power than them

8

What was the solution of the 3/5 compromise?

For every five slaves, three free people were added to the population
1 slave = 3/5 of a free person

9

What year would slave trade end according to the slave trade compromise?

1808

10

Define impeach

To formally charge a public official (like a president) with misconduct in office

11

What is the job of the electoral college ?

To elect the president and Vice President

12

What is the formula for the number of electors in the electoral college for each state?

Representatives + Senators

13

What date did the Constitutional Convention end its meeting?

September 17, 1787

14

How many states did the Constitution need approval fro, in order to go into effect?

9 out of 13

15

Define ratify

To give official approval to

16

Define federalism

The sharing of power between federal (national) and state governments

17

What name was given to people who supported the constitution?

Federalists

18

What name was given to people who opposed the constitution?

Antifederalists

19

Why did antifederalists oppose the constitution?

They were against a strong national government

20

What was the first state to ratify the constitution?

Delaware

21

What was the second state to ratify the constitution?

Pennsylvania

22

What was the ninth state to ratify the constitution?

New Hampshire

23

What would happen after the ninth state ratified the constitution?

The new government could go into affect

24

Virginia and New York agreed to ratify the constitution after what was added?

A bill of rights amendment

25

Define amendment

An official addition or change to the constitution

26

What was the last state to ratify the constitution?

Rhode Island

27

Why does the original flag have 13 stripes?

For each of the 13 original states

28

Define Republic

A type of government in which the people (voters) choose (elect) representatives to make laws