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Flashcards in unit 5a Deck (30):
0

What established the boundaries for the new United States after the revolutionary war?

The treaty of Paris of 1783

1

What were the boundaries that the treaty of Paris set?

North-Canada
East-Atlantic Ocean
South-Spanish Florida
West-Mississippi River

2

What word means a two house legislature?

Bicameral

3

What basic term means a plan of government?

Constitution

4

Under the articles of Confederation what was the name of the only part of the national government?

Congress

5

Name two pros under the articles of Confederation.

Established the U.S as a republic
Created a Congress

6

What was the main problem with the articles of Confederation?

Too much power to the states

7

What was the name of the new land acquired by the US after the Revolutionary war which was divided and sold to Americans to help the US get out of debt?

Northwest territory

8

What were the boundaries of the northwest territory?

West-Mississippi River
South-Ohio River
North- 4 of the Great Lakes

9

What five states did the northwest territory eventually become?

Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan

10

What was the government regulation which set a plan for surveying and selling the new lands of the United States?

Land Ordinance of 1785

11

What was the government regulation which established rules for territories to become states to enter the union?

Northwest Ordinance

12

What event occurred because people in Massachusetts where unhappy that farmers were being placed in prison for nonpayment of debts?

Shays' Rebellion

13

What name is given to the meeting of delegates in Philadelphia in May 1787 to create a new plan for government?

Constitutional convention

14

What is the term used to describe the delegates who made the US Constitution?

Founding fathers

15

Who was chosen to be president of the constitutional convention?

George Washington

16

Who is considered the "father of the Constitution? "Why?

James Madison, because most of the ideas were his

17

The delegates decided the US should be a republic define this term.

A type of government in which the people (voters) choose (elect) representatives to make laws

18

The delegates agreed upon three branches of government. Name them and the job of each.

Legislative branch-make laws
Executive branch-enforce the laws
Judicial branch-interprets the laws

19

What is the proper noun the name of our lawmaking branch of government?

Congress

20

List some of the big states

Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia

21

What makes big states big?

They have a population of over 200,000 people

22

Why did big states prefer the Virginia plan?

This plan called for representation to be based on population and this would give the big states more representatives and therefore more power in Congress

23

List some of the small states

Delaware, Georgia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island

24

What made the small states small?

The plan called for representation to be based on an equal number of each state which would give the small state rep presentation the same as the big states and therefore equal power in Congress

25

The New Jersey plan called for how many houses in Congress?

One

26

The Virginia plan called for how many houses in Congress?

Two-this plan was proposed by Edmund Randolph

27

List two reasons why many states south of Pennsylvania clung to slavery

Plantation system as were built on slavery, they fear their economy would not survive without slavery

28

Define Constitution

A plan of government

29

Define ordinance

A law