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Flashcards in unit 4b Deck (46):
0

The Americans suffered horribly here during the winter of 1777/1778

Valley forge, Pennsylvania

1

The British hoped to divide and conquer America in the north by controlling this river valley

Hudson River valley

2

The war ended with a British surrender here

Yorktown, Virginia

3

Washington crossed this river during his surprise attack on the hessians

Delaware river

4

The first major loss for Washington came in this northern city

New York City, New York

5

The British took control of the major southern ports of Charlestown and this city in Georgia

Savannah

6

After the British won at the battle of brandywine, they took over this city which was the capital of the United States at the time

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

7

Battles on the frontier were fought mostly in the present day states of Indiana and here

Illinois

8

The British plan of divide and conquer called for three British armies to meet here

Albany, New York

9

Once the British captured the U.S capital, the continental congress simply moved here

York, Pennsylvania

10

The green mountain boys defeated part of a British army in this town in present day Vermont

Bennington

11

Washington and his army caught the hessians by surprise on the day after Christmas here

Trenton, New Jersey

12

This american won many battles on the frontier

George Rogers Clark

13

He was the British General who was commander of all forces at the beginning of the war

General William Howe

14

He was the commander in chief of the continental army

George Washington

15

He was the Frenchman who helped Washington at valley forge and after

Marquis De Lafayette

16

Though he fought with the Americans at the beginning this man is most remembered for being the first american traitor and switching to the British side

Benedict Arnold

17

American patriot victorious at sea (a privateer)

John Paul jones

18

American patriot known as the swamp fox

Francis Marion

19

British General who surrendered at Yorktown

General Charles Cornwallis

20

American patriot who received all the credit for the victory at the battle of Saratoga

General Horatio Gates

21

British General defeated at Saratoga

General John Burgoyne

22

General who was put in charge of the southern American army by Washington and was successful in making the British chase him and dragging the war out

Nathanael Greene

23

He became commander of all British forces after General Howe was fired

Henry Clinton

24

This man was the German who helped train washingtons troops at valley forge

Baron Von Steuben

25

This man was the commander of the British army that was to meet Howe and Burgoyne in Albany, New York to divide and conquer the Americans. He was to cross the state from the west (Lake Ontario)

Barry st. Leger

26

List the three advantages of the Americans fighting in the revolutionary war

-They knew the land
-they are fighting for a greater cause
-they had better leaders such as George Washington

27

List the three advantages of the British in fighting the revolutionary war

-larger, stronger, and more experienced army & navy
- larger population
-more money to hire soldiers such as the German hessians

28

List the three part strategy of the British fighting in the revolutionary war

-divide and conquer the Americans
-crush and defeat Washington's army
- use loyalists against patriots

29

Name one battle that was an example of George Washington using the hit and run tactic of fighting

Trenton

30

List the three part American strategy

-make the war last long; tire the British out
-Washington must avoid get captured
-use hit and run tactic of fighting (guerrilla warfare)

31

What key battle is considered the turning point of the revolutionary war? Give three reasons why.

Battle: Saratoga
-Spain and France agreed to help the Americans fight against the British
-a large British army has surrendered
-the British strategy of divide and conquer has failed

32

In the final battle of the revolutionary war, who surrendered to who?

General Cornwallis and the British army surrendered to George Washington and the American army

33

What is the boundary of the United States of America to the north

Canada

34

What is the boundary of the United states of America to the east

The Atlantic Ocean

35

What is the boundary of the United States of America to the south

Spanish Florida

36

What is the boundary of the United States of America to the west?

The Mississippi River

37

What role did women play in war effort?

They served at nurses, seamstresses, cooks
-spied on British soldiers
-disguised themselves as men in order to become soldiers

38

Why did many African Americans fight in the war?

-they believed in the patriot cause
-they needed money
-to earn freedom

39

What is a mercenary?

Hired soldier

40

What is a hessian?

German mercenaries hired to fight on the British side

41

What side did the native Americans fight on most commonly, and why?

They felt that the British were less of a threat than the Americans

42

What is the difference between a battle, siege, and a war?

A battle is a fight between two groups of armed groups of contestants, a war is armed conflict in which two or more nations, states, factions, or peoples fight each other.

In other words; a battle is part of a war, not the other way around

43

Who was Juan De Miralles?

A Spanish representative who helped the Americans with financial aid

44

What fraction of the Americans supported Britain?

3/5

45

Where in America was loyalist support the most common?

The Carolinas, Georgia, and New York