Flashcards in unit 4b Deck (46):
The Americans suffered horribly here during the winter of 1777/1778
Valley forge, Pennsylvania
The British hoped to divide and conquer America in the north by controlling this river valley
Hudson River valley
The war ended with a British surrender here
Washington crossed this river during his surprise attack on the hessians
The first major loss for Washington came in this northern city
New York City, New York
The British took control of the major southern ports of Charlestown and this city in Georgia
After the British won at the battle of brandywine, they took over this city which was the capital of the United States at the time
Battles on the frontier were fought mostly in the present day states of Indiana and here
The British plan of divide and conquer called for three British armies to meet here
Albany, New York
Once the British captured the U.S capital, the continental congress simply moved here
The green mountain boys defeated part of a British army in this town in present day Vermont
Washington and his army caught the hessians by surprise on the day after Christmas here
Trenton, New Jersey
This american won many battles on the frontier
George Rogers Clark
He was the British General who was commander of all forces at the beginning of the war
General William Howe
He was the commander in chief of the continental army
He was the Frenchman who helped Washington at valley forge and after
Marquis De Lafayette
Though he fought with the Americans at the beginning this man is most remembered for being the first american traitor and switching to the British side
American patriot victorious at sea (a privateer)
John Paul jones
American patriot known as the swamp fox
British General who surrendered at Yorktown
General Charles Cornwallis
American patriot who received all the credit for the victory at the battle of Saratoga
General Horatio Gates
British General defeated at Saratoga
General John Burgoyne
General who was put in charge of the southern American army by Washington and was successful in making the British chase him and dragging the war out
He became commander of all British forces after General Howe was fired
This man was the German who helped train washingtons troops at valley forge
Baron Von Steuben
This man was the commander of the British army that was to meet Howe and Burgoyne in Albany, New York to divide and conquer the Americans. He was to cross the state from the west (Lake Ontario)
Barry st. Leger
List the three advantages of the Americans fighting in the revolutionary war
-They knew the land
-they are fighting for a greater cause
-they had better leaders such as George Washington
List the three advantages of the British in fighting the revolutionary war
-larger, stronger, and more experienced army & navy
- larger population
-more money to hire soldiers such as the German hessians
List the three part strategy of the British fighting in the revolutionary war
-divide and conquer the Americans
-crush and defeat Washington's army
- use loyalists against patriots
Name one battle that was an example of George Washington using the hit and run tactic of fighting
List the three part American strategy
-make the war last long; tire the British out
-Washington must avoid get captured
-use hit and run tactic of fighting (guerrilla warfare)
What key battle is considered the turning point of the revolutionary war? Give three reasons why.
-Spain and France agreed to help the Americans fight against the British
-a large British army has surrendered
-the British strategy of divide and conquer has failed
In the final battle of the revolutionary war, who surrendered to who?
General Cornwallis and the British army surrendered to George Washington and the American army
What is the boundary of the United States of America to the north
What is the boundary of the United states of America to the east
The Atlantic Ocean
What is the boundary of the United States of America to the south
What is the boundary of the United States of America to the west?
The Mississippi River
What role did women play in war effort?
They served at nurses, seamstresses, cooks
-spied on British soldiers
-disguised themselves as men in order to become soldiers
Why did many African Americans fight in the war?
-they believed in the patriot cause
-they needed money
-to earn freedom
What is a mercenary?
What is a hessian?
German mercenaries hired to fight on the British side
What side did the native Americans fight on most commonly, and why?
They felt that the British were less of a threat than the Americans
What is the difference between a battle, siege, and a war?
A battle is a fight between two groups of armed groups of contestants, a war is armed conflict in which two or more nations, states, factions, or peoples fight each other.
In other words; a battle is part of a war, not the other way around
Who was Juan De Miralles?
A Spanish representative who helped the Americans with financial aid
What fraction of the Americans supported Britain?