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Flashcards in unit 6 Deck (32):
0

a tradition or the beginning of an established way of doing things.

precedent

1

this means to legally overturn something such as a law. some Americans wanted the states to have the power to do this to national laws.

nullify

2

this amendment to the constitution changed the way ballots are cast for president and Vice President to avoid ties like the one in 1800 from happening again

the twelfth amendment

3

established a federal court system with 13 district courts to serve the nation

judiciary act of 1789

4

this belief states that the powers of the federal government should be limited to those clearly assigned to it by the constitution. all other powers should belong to the states.

basic idea of states rights

5

treaty between the U.S. and Spain which gave the U.S. free navigation of the Mississippi River and the right to trade goods in New Orleans

Pinckney's Treaty

6

the kidnapping of American sailors from ships on the ocean by the British (and French)

impressment

7

treaty between the U.S and great Britain that was intended to end the practice of impressments

Jay's treaty

8

this act made it a crime to speak, write, or publish criticisms against the U.S. government

sedition act

9

this group of people broke the tie to decide who would be president in 1800

House of Representatives

10

a fight between Americans under the command of Anthony Wayne against Native American Indians in present day Ohio

Battle of Fallen Timbers

11

A proclamation put forth by George Washington which stated that Americans would not fight in the war between France and England in the 1790s.

proclamation of neutrality

12

these Clayton suggested that the alien and sedition acts violated the Constitution

Virginia and Kentucky resolutions

13

guarantees powers not given to the federal government in the constitution automatically become powers to the states

The 10th amendment

14

and uprising of western Pennsylvania farmers in opposition to a tax

whiskey rebellion

15

this term means to let people do as they choose (Government should interfere as little as possible)

losses-faire

16

became the capital of the United States as a result of the treaty between Northerners and Southerners

District of Columbia

17

a tax on imports

tariff

18

this act allow the president to imprison aliens and to send those he considered dangerous out of the country

alien act

19

US Supreme Court case which led to the courts power of judicial review

Marbury vs. Madison

20

Who was the nations first department of state?

Thomas Jefferson

21

who was the first department of the treasury?

Alexander Hamilton

22

who was the first department of war?

Henry Knox

23

who was the first u.s Supreme Court Chief Justice?

John Jay

24

Who was the leader of the Democratic Republican Party

Thomas Jefferson

25

Who was the leader of the Federalist party

Alexander Hamilton

26

what cleans were made in the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions

The alien and sedition acts violated the Constitution therefore could not be put into action

27

The Virginia and Kentucky resolutions supported the basic idea of states rights explain us

The powers of the federal government should be limited to those clearly assigned to it by the Constitution. The sea should have all other powers not expressly for bidden to them

28

define political party

an organization (of people) that tries to influence government policy by promoting it's ideas and backing candidates for office

29

explain the three principles of judicial review

1.) the constitution is the supreme law of the land
2.)The constitution must be followed when there is a conflict, or disagreement, between it and any other law
3.)The judicial branch must uphold the Constitution and nullify, or cancel, unconstitutional laws

30

which political party was a liberal

democratic republic

31

which political party was conservative

federalist a