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Flashcards in unit 2 Deck (35):
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what is the definition of colony?

a settlement ruled by a distant parent country

1

what is the definition of mercantilism?

an economic system in which the colonies exist for the benefit of the mother country

2

no _________ without consent of parliament

taxation

3

no cruel or unjust

punishment

4

right to _________ (ask for change)

petition

5

right to__________(own a gun)

bear arms

6

right to____________(a group of peers hears your case and determines your guilt or innocence)

trial by jury

7

who was the surveyor?

George Washington

8

what did France lose as a result of the French and Indian war?

Canada and most of its lands east of the Mississippi River

9

what did Britain get from Spain?

Florida

10

what did Spain get?

French lands west of the Mississippi River, Louisiana territory, some of New Orleans

11

what was the name of the land that England and France fought over?

the Ohio river valley

12

why did the French want the land?

fur trapping

13

why did the English want the land?

farming

14

why did most of the Indians side with the French?

they didn't want to tear down the trees and destroy the land

15

who was Robert dinwiddie

the governor of Virginia who told Washington to go tell the French to get out

16

who was Edward Braddock?

the commander in chief of the British forces in America who tried to drive the French troops out of the Ohio river valley

17

who was William Pitt?

the prime minister of British who helped the British win the war

18

what do fort Duquesne and fort Pitt have in common?

they are the same place

19

where was the decisive battle of the war fought?

Quebec

20

who won the battle that took place in Quebec?

the British

21

who won the French and Indian war?

the British

22

great charter on England which established the principle of limited government

Magna Carta

23

a law making body of people

legislature

24

England's legislature

parliament

25

to choose (usually by a single person)

appoint

26

to vote for (usually by many people)

elect

27

colonies in which the settlers were given a grant of rights and privileges to rule themselves

charter colonies

28

colonies ruled by proprietors to whom British granted land

proprietary colonies

29

colonies directly ruled by England's monarch (king or queen)

royal colonies

30

the colonial upper house of legislature

council

31

colonial lower house of legislature

assembly

32

trading illegally with other nations

smuggling

33

a document signed by king William and queen Mary in 1689 established rights for English citizens

the English bill of rights

34

laws directing the trade between England and the colonies which gave total control to England and its rulers

navigation acts