Unit 5b Flashcards Preview

social studies > Unit 5b > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 5b Deck (17):

Define republic

A type of government in which the people (voters) choose (elect) representatives to make laws


Define federalism

The sharing of powers between federal and state governments


Explain the system of checks and balances

Checks and Balances is a system designed to separate power among the three branches of government. Under this system each branch of government can check or limit the power of the other two branches


What are the roles of the president?

Chief Diplomat
Commander in Chief
Head of State
Legislature Advisor


What is the presidents cabinet?

A group of advisors that helps the president set government policy


What is an amendment, and how many have been made to our constitution?

An addition or change to a formal document such as the constitution. There have been 27 amendments.


What does the term "unconstitutional" mean?

Not allowed by or against the constitution


Define veto



Define bill

A statement that could potentially be turned into a law


What is the Bill of rights

The first 10 amendments of the constitution


Name the three branches of government and their jobs

Legislative-makes laws
Judicial - interprets laws
Executive - enforces laws


How many members are their in the legislative branch of government?



How many members are their in the executive branch of government



How many justices are in the Supreme Court

9- the Chief Justice of the U.s and 8 associate judges


What are the common names of the branches of our government

Legislative- Congress
Judicial- Supreme Court
Executive- President and Cabinet


What are the 6 steps in a bill becoming a law?

1.) A bill (proposed law) is presented to congress
2.) Congress votes on the bill. It needs a simple majority to pass.
3.) Once a bill is approved by congress, it goes to the president. If he approves it, it becomes a law. If he does not approve it, (veto) it goes back to congress
4.) if it gets a 2/3 majority while in congress the second time, it becomes a law
5.) the Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional (against or not allowed by the constitution) and it will be dismissed as a law. This is how the court interprets the law


What does supremacy of national law mean

No state could make laws or take actions that went against the constitution