Unit 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 11 Deck (127):
1

Functions of the respiratory system

- Brings oxygen from the air outside
- Expels waste products (CO2) from the body

2

Internal respiration

The thin walls of the capillaries allow O2 & CO2 to move between tissue cells and capillaries.

3

alveol/o

alveolus, air sacs

4

atel/o

incomplete

5

bronch/i

bronchus

6

bronch/o

bronchus

7

bronchiol/o

bronchioles, little bronchi

8

laryng/o

larynx, voice box

9

lob/o

lobe

10

muc/o

mucus

11

nas/o

nose

12

rhin/o

nose

13

olfact/o

smell

14

or/o

mouth

15

ox/o

oxygen

16

ox/i

oxygen

17

ox/y

oxygen

18

pector/o

chest

19

steth/o

chest

20

thorac/o

chest

21

pharyng/o

pharynx, throat

22

phren/o

diaphragm

23

phon/o

sound, voice

24

pleur/a

pleura, pleural cavity

25

pleur/o

pleura, pleural cavity

26

pneumon/o

lungs, air, respiration

27

pulmon/o

lungs, air, respiration

28

pneumat/o

lungs, air, respiration

29

pneum/o

lungs, air, respiration

30

sept/o

partition

31

sinus/o

sinuses

32

spir/o

breathing

33

thorac/o

pleural cavity, chest

34

tonsill/o

tonsils

35

trache/o

trachea, windpipe

36

eu-

well, good

37

pneu-

lungs, air

38

-capnia

carbon dioxide

39

-ectasis

stretch, dilate, enlargement

40

-graphy

process of recording, producing images

41

-meter

measure

42

-oxia

oxygen

43

-phonia

voice

44

-plegia

paralysis

45

-pnea

breathing

46

-ptysis

spitting

47

-thorax

pleural cavity, chest

48

adenoidectomy

surgical removal of the adenoids

49

alveolar

pertaining to the air sacs

50

alveolitis

inflammation of the alveolus

51

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchus

52

bronchiectasis

dilation of the bronchus

53

bronchoscopy

process of visually examining the bronchus

54

bronchiolitis

inflammation of the small bronchial tubes

55

cyanoisis

condition where the skin takes on a blueish colour because of lack of oxygen

56

cyanotic

pertaining to a bluish skin colour

57

laryngeal

pertaining to the voice box

58

lobar

pertaining to the lobe (of the lung)

59

lobectomy

surgical removal of a lobe (of the lung)

60

mucolytic

breakdown of the mucus

61

nasolacrimal

pertaining to the nose and lacrimal apparatus

62

nasopharyngeal

pertaining to the nose and pharynx

63

rhinoplasty

surgical repair of the nose

64

rhinorrhea

discharge from the nose

65

rhinitis

inflammation of the lining of the nose

66

anoxia

condition where there is a lack of oxygen

67

hypoxia

deficiency in oxygen

68

pectoral

pertaining to the chest

69

oropharyngeal

pertaining to the mouth and throat

70

pharyngoglossal

pertaining to the tongue and throat

71

phrenic

pertaining to the diaphragm

72

phrenoplegia

paralysis of the diaphragm

73

pleuracentesis

surgical puncture into the pleura to remove fluid

74

pleuralgia

pain in the pleura

75

pneumonectomy

surgical removal of the lungs

76

pneumonia

abnormal condition of the lungs (lit.), also refers to the inflammation of the lungs

77

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

78

pneumatic

pertaining to air or respiration

79

pneumopleuritis

inflammation of the pleura and the lungs

80

pansinusitis

inflammation of all the sinus

81

sinusotomoy

surgical incision into the sinus

82

spirometer

instrument used to measure breathing

83

stethoscope

instrument used to listen to the chest

84

thoracoplasty

surgical repair of the chest

85

thoracotomy

process of cutting into the chest

86

thoracodynia

chest pain

87

tonsillar

pertaining to the tonsils

88

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsils

89

tonsillectomy

surgical removal of the tonsils

90

endotracheal

pertaining to within the trachea

91

laryngotracheobronchitis

inflammation of the larynx, trachea and bronchus

92

tracheostomy

creating a permanent opening into the trachea

93

tracheotomy

surgical incision into the trachea

94

bronchiectasis

dilation of the bronchus

95

aphonia

loss of voice

96

dysphonia

difficulty speaking

97

apnea

no breathing

98

bradypnea

slow breathing

99

dyspnea

painful breathing

100

eupnea

normal breathing

101

hyperpnea

abnormal increase in breathing

102

oligopnea

scanty breathing

103

orthopnea

breathing only when sitting up or standing straight

104

tachypnea

fast breathing

105

hypercapnia

decrease in the carbon dioxide in the blood

106

bronchography

process of recording the lungs using x-ray

107

hemoptysis

spitting up blood

108

hemothorax

blood in the chest

109

pneumothorax

air in the chest

110

pyothorax

pus in the chest

111

aspiration

the process of taking substances in or out by means of suction

112

asthma

a disease of the bronchi characterized by wheezing, dyspnea, and a feeling of constriction in the chest

113

croup

a respiratory disease characterized by a "barking" cough, dyspnea, hoarseness, and laryngeal spasm

114

epistaxis

nosebleed

115

Heimlich maneuver

a technique for removing a foreign body (usually a bolus of food) that is blocking the trachea

116

nares

the nostrils

117

pertussis

whooping cough

118

pneumonia

inflammation of the lung caused by bacteria, viruses, or chemical irritants

119

rale

an abnormal sound heard on auscultation of the chest, a crackling, rattling, or bubbling sound

120

sputum

spit

121

CF (abbr.)

Cystic Fibrosis

122

COLD (abbr.)

Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease

123

COPD (abbr.)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

124

SIDS (abbr.)

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

125

SOB (abbr.)

Shortness of Breath

126

T and A (abbr.)

Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy

127

TB (abbr.)

Tuberculosis