Unit 8 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 8 Deck (149):
1

Orbital Cavity

acts as a protective device for the eyeball

2

Ocular Muscles

six muscles allow the eye to move in all directions

3

Eyelids

act as a protection from dust and dirt entering the eye

4

Conjunctival Membrane

lubricates as well as protects the eyeball

5

Lacrimal apparatus

lacrimal glands produce tears that continuously bathe the eye.

The tears drain in the back of the nasal cavity

6

aque/o

water

7

blephar/o

eyelid

8

palpebr/o

eyelid

9

chrom/o

colour

10

chori/o

choroid

11

choroid/o

choroid

12

conjunctiv/o

conjunctiva

13

core/o

pupil

14

pupill/o

pupil

15

corne/o

cornea

16

kerat/o

cornea

17

cycl/o

ciliary body

18

dacry/o

tear/lacrimal duct, tears

19

lacrim/o

tear/lacrimal duct, tears

20

dipl/o

double

21

irid/o

iris

22

ir/o

iris

23

ir/i

iris

24

irit/o

iris

25

mi/o

contraction, less, smaller

26

mydri/o

wide, dilation

27

ophthalm/o

eye, vision, sight

28

opt/i

eye, vision, sight

29

papill/o

optic disc

30

phac/o

lens

31

phak/o

lens

32

phot/o

light

33

presby/o

old age

34

retin/o

retina

35

scler/o

sclera

36

ton/o

tension

37

uve/o

uvea

38

vitre/o

glasslike, glassy, gel like

39

-chalasis

relaxation

40

-opia

vision, visual condition

41

-opsia

vison, visual condition

42

-ptosis

drooping, sagging

43

-pexy

put in place

44

-tropia

turning

45

-tropion

turning

46

extra-

on the outside

47

intra-

on the inside

48

aqueous humor

pertaining to the watery fluid found in the anterior chamber of the eye

49

blepharoptosis

drooping of the eyelid

50

palpebral

pertaining to the eyelid

51

chorioretinitis

inflammation of the choroid and retina

52

choroiditis

inflammation of the choroid

53

conjunctivitis

inflammation of the conjunctiva (also known as pinkeye)

54

coreometer

instrument used to measure the size of the pupil

55

pupillary

pertaining to the pupil

56

corneal

pertaining to the cornea

57

keratoconus

abnormal, cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea

58

cycloplegia

paralysis of the ciliary body

59

dacryostenosis

narrowing of the tear duct

60

nasolacrimal

pertaining to the nose and tear (lacrimal) apperatus

61

iriditis

inflammation of the iris

62

iridectomy

excision of the iris

63

miosis

abnormal contraction of the pupil

64

miotic

pertaining to a drug that constricts the pupil

65

mydriatic

pertaining to a drug that dilates the pupil

66

binocular

pertaining to both eyes

67

extraocular

pertaining to the outside of the eye

68

intraocular

pertaining to within the eye

69

exophthalmia

condition where there is outward protrusion of the eyeball

70

opthalmologist

specialist in the study and diagnosis of diseases of the eye

71

opthalmology

study of diseases of the eye

72

optic

pertaining to vision or sight

73

optician

one who specializes in prescribing glasses for improving sight

74

optometrist

Specialist in the testing of visual function and in diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of eye conditions

75

papilledema

accumulation of fluid in the optic disc

76

aphakia

absence of a lens

77

phacomalacia

softening of a lens

78

photophobia

fear of or intolerance to light

79

retinophathy

disease of the retina

80

sclerectomy

surgical excision of the sclera

81

tonometry

measurement of the intraocular pressure

82

uveitis

inflammation of the uvea of the eye

83

vitreous humor

pertaining to the gel-like substance in the posterior cavity of the eye

84

blepharochalasis

relaxation of the eyelid

85

esotropia

turning inward of the eyeball. Also referred to as "cross-eyes"

86

exotropia

turning outward of the eyeball

87

amblyopia

dimness of vision

88

diplooia

double vision

89

presbyopia

impaired vision due to aging

90

hyperopia

farsightedness (the light rays go beyond the retina)

91

myopia

nearsightedness (the light rays focus in front of the retina)

92

ectropion

outward turning of the eyelid

93

entropion

inward turning of the eyelid

94

accommodation

The process whereby the eyes make adjustments for seeing objects at various distances

95

cataract

An opacity of the crystalline lens or its capsule; most often occurs in adults past middle age

96

conjunctivitis

Inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by allergy, trauma, chemical injury, bacterial, viral or infection. The type "pinkeye" is infectious and contagious.

97

enucleation

A process of removal of the eyeball from the orbit

98

glaucoma

A disease characterized by a increased intraocular pressure which results in atrophy of the optic nerve and blindness

99

nystagmus

An involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball

100

Snellen Chart

a chart for testing visual acuity

101

strabismus

a squint

102

OP (abbr)

Intraocular Pressure

103

OD (abbr)

Oculus Dexter (right eye)

104

OS (abbr)

Oculus Sinister (left eye)

105

PERLA

Pupils Equally React to Light and Accommodation

106

REM

Rapid Eye Movement

107

acoust/o

hearing, related to hearing

108

acous/o

hearing, related to hearing

109

audi/o

hearing, ear

110

audit/o

hearing, ear

111

aur/o

ear, hearing

112

aur/i

ear, hearing

113

ot/o

ear, hearing

114

cochle/o

cochlea (snail/spiral)

115

labyrinth/o

labyrinth, inner ear

116

mastoid/o

mastoid process

117

myring/o

ear drum, tympanic membrane

118

tympan/o

ear drum, tympanic membrane

119

pinn/i

external ear

120

salping/o

eustachian tube

121

staped/o

stapes

122

tinnit/o

ringing, buzzing

123

-cusis

hearing

124

audiogram

record of hearing

125

audiometry

measurement of hearing

126

auditory

pertaining to hearing

127

aural

pertaining to the ear

128

otalgia

earache

129

ottis media

inflammation of the middle ear

130

otorrhea

discharge from the ear

131

otoscope

instrument to visually examine the ear

132

otosclerosis

hardening of the bones of the ear

133

otorrhagia

bleeding from the ear

134

cochlear

pertaining to the cochlea

135

labyrinthitis

inflammation of the inner ear

136

mastoidectomy

surgical removal of the mastoid bone

137

myringotomy

surgical incision into the ear drum

138

tympanocentesis

puncture in the ear drum for removal of fluid

139

salpingoscope

instrument used to visually examine the eustachian tube

140

stapedectomy

surgical excision of the stapes

141

tinnitus

ringing in something. Term used to refer to "ringing in the ears"

142

presbycusis

diminished hearing from old age

143

cerumen

earwax

144

equilibrium

a state of balance

145

vertigo

a feeling of dizziness

146

AD (abbr)

Auris Dexter (right ear)

147

AS (abbr)

Auris Sinistra (left ear)

148

ENT (abbr)

Ear, Nose, and Throat

149

EENT (abbr)

Eyes, Ears, Nose, and Throat