Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (281):
1

cili/o

hair

2

pil/o

hair

3

derm/o

skin

4

dermat/o

skin

5

cutane/o

skin

6

onych/o

nail

7

ungu/o

nail

8

cerebr/o

brain

9

myel/o

spinal cord
bone marrow

10

neur/o

neuron

11

psych/o

mind

12

mening/o

meninges (protective layers for nervous system)

13

meningi/o

meninges (protective layers for nervous system)

14

corti/o

cortex

15

blephar/o

eyelid

16

opthalm/o

eye

17

opt/o

eye

18

ocul/o

eye

19

optic/o

eye

20

ot/o

ear

21

audit/o

ear

22

audi/o

ear

23

arthr/o

joint

24

chondr/o

cartilage

25

crani/o

skull

26

cost/o

rib

27

my/o

muscle

28

muscul/o

muscle

29

oste/o

bone

30

pelv/o

pelvis

31

spin/o

spine

32

tend/o

tendon

33

tendin/o

tendon

34

ten/o

tendon

35

thorac/o

chest

36

vertebr/o

vertebra

37

spondyl/o

vertebra

38

cyst/o

bladder
gall bladdar

39

pyel/o

renal pelvis

40

ren/o

kidneys

41

nephr/o

kidneys

42

ureter/o

ureters (connect kidneys to bladdar)

43

urethr/o

urethra

44

abdomin/o

abdomen

45

cheil/o

lips

46

labi/o

lips

47

chol/e

gall bladdar

48

col/o

large intestine, colon

49

colon/o

large intestine, colon

50

enter/o

small intestine

51

esophag/o

esophagus

52

gastr/o

stomach

53

gingiv/o

gums

54

gloss/o

tongue

55

lingu/o

tongue

56

hepat/o

liver

57

lapar/o

abdomen

58

odont/o

teeth

59

dent/o

teeth

60

dent/i

teeth

61

or/o

mouth

62

stomat/o

mouth

63

pancreat/o

pancreas

64

pharyng/o

throat, pharynx

65

rect/o

rectum

66

splen/o

spleen

67

angi/o

vessel

68

vascul/o

vessel

69

vas/o

vessel, duct, specific: vas deferens (male reproductive)

70

arteri/o

artery

71

cardi/o

heart

72

hem/o

blood

73

hemat/o

blood

74

ven/o

vein

75

phleb/o

vein

76

aden/o

gland

77

adren/o

adrenal gland

78

adrenal/o

adrenal gland

79

parathyroid/o

parathyroid gland

80

parathyr/o

parathyroid gland

81

pituit/lo

pituitary gland

82

thyroid/o

thyroid gland

83

thyr/o

thyroid gland

84

adenoid/o

adenoids (type of tonsil)

85

lymph/o

lymph fluid

86

lymphaden/o

lymph gland

87

lymphangi/o

lymph vessels

88

tonsill/o

tonsils

89

thym/o

thymus (gland)

90

alveol/o

air sacs (capillary-rich sacs that transfer oxygen in lungs)

91

bronch/o

bronchus

92

bronchi/o

bronchus

93

bronchiol/o

small bronchial tubes

94

laryng/o

larynx, voice box

95

nas/o

nose

96

rhin/o

nose

97

pneum/o

lungs

98

pneumon/o

lungs

99

pulmon/o

lungs

100

pulm/o

lungs

101

trache/o

windpipe, trachea

102

andr/o

male

103

balan/o

glans penis (tip)

104

epididym/o

epididymis

105

orchid/o

testes

106

orch/o

testes

107

orchi/o

testes

108

phall/o

penis

109

prostat/o

prostate

110

test/o

testicle

111

testicul/o

testicle

112

cervic/o

neck, uterus (cervix)

113

colp/o

vagina

114

vagin/o

vagina

115

gynec/o

female

116

mast/o

breast, mammary gland

117

mamm/o

breast, mammary gland

118

nat/i

birth

119

oophor/o

ovary

120

ovari/o

ovary

121

salping/o

fallopian tubes

122

uter/o

uterus

123

hyster/o

uterus

124

metr/o

uterus

125

vulv/o

vulva

126

adip/o

fat, lipid

127

hp/o

fat, lipid

128

steat/o

fat, lipid

129

axill/o

armpit

130

bi/o

pertaining to life

131

cephal/o

head

132

cyt/o

cell

133

hist/o

tissue

134

histi/o

tissue

135

viscer/o

internal organs, viscera

136

-algia

pain

137

-dynia

pain

138

-cele

hernia (protrusion of an organ through a body part)

139

-ectasis

dilation, stretching

140

-ectasia

dilation, stretching

141

-emesis

vomiting

142

-emia

blood condition

143

-iasis

abnormal condition, pathologic state

144

-itis

inflammation

145

-istis

inflammation

146

-lith

stone, calcification, calculi (check course)

147

-lysis

destruction, breakdown

148

-malacia

abnormal softening

149

-megaly

enlargement, large, great

150

-oma

tumor, neoplasm

151

-osis

state, abnormal condition, disease

152

-pathy

disease

153

-penia

decrease, deficiency

154

-phob

irrational fear

155

-plegia

paralysis

156

-ptosis

drooping, sagging, prolapse

157

-ptysis

spitting

158

-rrhage

bursting forth

159

-rrhagia

bursting forth

160

-rrhea

flow, discharge

161

-rrhexis

rupture

162

-sclerosis

hardening, hardness

163

-spasm

sudden involuntary contractions, tightening

164

-stenosis

narrowing, tightening

165

-y

process

166

-ion

process

167

-centesis

surgical procedure to remove fluid

168

-desis

surgical fusion, bind, tie together

169

-ectomy

cutting out, excision, surgical removal

170

-graphy

process of recording a picture or record

171

-gram

tracing, picture or record

172

-graph

instrument used to record or create a picture

173

-metry

to measure

174

-meter

instrument to measure

175

-opsy

view of, vision

176

-opsis

view of, vision

177

-opsia

view of, vision

178

-pexy

surgical fixation, to put in place

179

-plasty

surgical repair

180

-rrhaphy

suture

181

-scope

instrument for visual examination

182

-scopy

examination using a scope

183

-stasis

controlling, stopping

184

-stomy

create a permanent opening

185

-tome

instrument used to cut

186

-tomy

surgical incision, cutting

187

-blast

immature, growing

188

-cyte

cell

189

-er

specialist in the study of

190

-or

specialist in the study of

191

-ician

specialist in the study of

192

-logist

specialist in the study of

193

-ist

specialist in the study of

194

-logy

study of

195

-phagia

eating, swallowing

196

-phasia

speech, speak

197

-plasia

formation, development, growth

198

-pnea

breathing

199

-poiesis

production, formation

200

-trophy

development, growth, nourishment

201

-uria

urine, urination

202

-genous

producing, forming

203

-genic

producing, forming

204

-genesis

producing, forming

205

-oid

resembling, like

206

-ole

small

207

-ule

small

208

-al

pertaining to

209

-ac

pertaining to

210

-ar

pertaining to

211

-ary

pertaining to

212

-eal

pertaining to

213

-ic

pertaining to

214

-ior

pertaining to

215

-ose

pertaining to

216

-ous

pertaining to

217

-tic

pertaining to

218

-ine

pertaining to

219

ab-

away from

220

abs-

away from

221

ad-

toward, in direction of

222

ante-

before, forward

223

circum-

around, about

224

dia-

through, complete, between

225

ecto-

outside, outward, out

226

e-

outside, outward, out

227

ex-

outside, outward, out

228

exo-

outside, outward out

229

extra-

outside, outward, out

230

endo-

within, inside

231

epi-

upon, on, above

232

eso-

inward, within

233

hyper-

excessive, above, increased

234

supra-

excessive, above, increased

235

hypo-

decreased, below, under, deficient

236

in-

in, into, not, without

237

infra-

below, beneath, inferior to, less, under

238

sub-

below, beneath, inferior to, less, under

239

inter-

between, among

240

intra-

within, into, inside

241

meta-

beyond, change, behind

242

ultra-

beyond, change, behind

243

para-

beside, near, apart from

244

peri-

around, surrounding

245

post-

after, behind

246

pre-

before, in front of

247

pro-

before

248

retro-

back of, backward, behind

249

trans-

across, through

250

per-

across, through

251

anti-

counter, against

252

contra-

counter, against

253

a-

no, not, lack of, without

254

an-

no, not, lack of, without

255

in-

not, in, into, without

256

ir-

not, in, into, without

257

im-

not, in, into, without

258

bi-

two, double, twice

259

di-

two, double, twice

260

hemi-

half, partial

261

semi-

half, partial

262

mono-

one

263

uni-

one

264

multi-

many, much

265

poly-

many, much

266

oligo-

scant, few

267

quadri-

four

268

tri-

three

269

ana-

backward, excessive, apart, up

270

an-

backward, excessive, apart, up

271

auto-

self

272

brady-

slow

273

dys-

bad, abnormal, difficult, painful

274

macro-

large

275

mal-

bad, poor, evil

276

micro-

small

277

neo-

new

278

pan-

all, entire, every

279

syn-

together, with, joined

280

sym-

together, with, joined

281

tachy-

fast, rapid