Unit 12: Abnormal Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 12: Abnormal Psychology Deck (46):
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Pychological disorder

Characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety

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Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness

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DSM-5

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders; helps you classify if you have a disorder

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Generalized anxiety disorder

Unexplainable and continually tense and uneasy, jittery, agitated, and sleep deprived, lack of concentration, disruptive

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Panic disorder

Sudden episodes of intense dread, heart palpations, shortness of breath, choking sensations, trembling, dizziness

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Phobias

Intensely and irrationally afraid of a specific object or situation; avoid the stimulus

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Social anxiety disorder

Excessive and unreasonable fear of social situations; anxiety and self-consciousness arise from a fear of being closely watched, judged, and criticized by others.

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Agoraphobia

Fear of places and situations that might cause panic, helplessness, or embarrassment

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Obsessive-Compulsive disorder

Troubled by repetitive thoughts or actions; haunted by compulsive rituals so senselessly time-consuming; anal

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Posttraumatic stress disorder

Lingering memories, nightmares and other symptoms for weeks after severely threatening, uncontrollable event

(Survivors of accidents, disasters, and violent and sexual assaults)

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Causes of anxiety (learning)

When bad events unpredictably and uncontrollably occur, anxiety may develop

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Causes of anxiety (biological)

Genes; anxiety gene affects levels of serotonin and glutamate

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Mood disorders

characterized by emotional extremes; major depressive and bipolar

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Major depressive disorder

Zero interest, weight loss/gain, insomnia, too much sleep, no energy, feelings of worthlessness

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Mania

a state characterized by high energy levels and mood.

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Bipolar disorder

Mood swings, over talkative, overactive, elated, no need for sleep, fewer sexual inhibitions, speech is loud, poor judgement

(Milder forms fuel creativity)

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Causes of mood disorder (biological)

Genetic; increased chance of getting a mood disorder if parent or sibling has one

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Causes of mood disorders (social-cognitive)

Negative thoughts and mood interactions, women have a higher chance

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Schizophrenia

A group of sever disorders characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished or inappropriate emotional expression

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Psychosis

A person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions

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Delusions

False beliefs, often causes paranoia

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Hallucinations

False sensory experiences; auditory and visual

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Brain abnormalities

Dopamine overactivity; glutamine; frontal love and core brain activity slows down; fluid fill brain areas

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Causes of schizophrenia (genetics)

Twins; flu during pregnancy

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Somatic disorder

The symptoms take a somatic (bodily) from without apparent physical cause

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Conversion

Experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found

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Illness anxiety disorder

Interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of disease

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Dissociative disorder

Conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

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Dissociative fugue

when you go somewhere and do something but have no recollection of it

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Dissociative identity disorder

Exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities (multiple personality disorder); unaware of other personalities

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Dissociative amnesia

when you experience something traumatic and you tend to push the memories out of your mind

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Anorexia nervosa

Maintains a starvation diet despite being significantly underweight; feel fat; fear of being fat; obsessed with Laing weight; exercise excessively

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Personality disorder

Characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning

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Cluster A

Schizoid

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Schizoid

Struggle to form social relationships; lack emotion

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Cluster b

Histrionic, narcissistic, antisocial

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Histrionic

Dramatic, always demands attention

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Narcissistic

Self-absorbed, confident

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Antisocial

Lack of conscience for wrongdoing; aggressive; clever con artist; doesn't talked the blame; lack empathy

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Cluster c

Avoidant

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Avoidant

Fearful sensitivity to rejection that predisposes with the withdrawn

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General adaptation syndrome (GAS)

Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three phases - alarm, resistance, exhaustion

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Health psychology

A subfield of psychology that provides Psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine

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Psychoneuroimmunology

The study of how psychological, neural, and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health

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Stressors

Certain events that cause stress

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Anxiety disorders

Psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety