Unit 1B Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1B Review Deck (50):
1

This organelle is the control center of the cell and contains information for making proteins

nucleus

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2

This type of transport does not require energy

passive

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3

How will water move when a cell is placed in an isotonic solution?

in and out of the cell (but concentration does not change)

4

These organisms are able to make their own food

autotroph

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5

These organisms must consume other organisms for food

heterotroph

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6

How are photosynthesis and cellular respiration related?

the reactants of one are the products of the other

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7

Glycolysis splits glucose into

2 molecules of pyruvic acid

8

How will water moves when a cell is placed in a hypertonic solution?

out of the cell

9

Give an example of a prokaryotic cell.

bacteria

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10

List the 3 types of passive transport.

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diffusion, facilitated diffusion, osmosis

11

What are the 3 parts of a ATP molecule?

adenine, ribose, 3 phosphate groups

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12

In what organelle does cellular respiration occur?

mitochondrion

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13

List 3 factors that increase the rate of photosynthesis.

adding water, increasing light intensity, having temperatures between 0 and 30 degrees Celsius

14

How many ATP are produced per molecule of glucose in cellular respiration?

36

15

What are the products of alcoholic fermentation?

alcohol and carbon dioxide

16

Where does glycolysis take place?

cytoplasm

17

What is the term for a cell that contains a nucleus?

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eukaryotic

18

How is ADP different from ATP?

one less phosphate group

19

Which organelle releases energy from the nutrients taken into the cell?

mitochondrion

20

List 3 functions for the plasma membrane.

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maintain homeostasis, boundary for the cell, allows materials to move in and out of the cell

21

Give 2 examples of active transport.

endocytosis (movement into the cell) and exocytosis (movement out of the cell)

22

How will water move when a cell is placed in a hypotonic solution?

into the cell

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23

What gas is produced by the process of photosynthesis?

oxygen

24

Where do the light dependent reactions take place?

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thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast

25

In which organelle does photosynthesis occur?

chloroplast

26

Which anaerobic process is used to produce bread and wine?

alcoholic fermentation

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27

Where does the citric acid cycle take place?

matrix of mitochondrion

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28

"Aerobic" means the process requires _____.

oxygen

29

Give an example of a eukaryotic cell.

plant, animal, protist, fungus

30

The movement of molecules from high to low concentration is called _____.

diffusion

31

Diffusion with the help of transport proteins is called _____.

facilitated diffusion

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32

Diffusion of water is _____.

osmosis

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33

When we say something is moving down the concentration gradient, what does that mean?

It is moving from high to low concentration.

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34

The movement of molecules from low to high concentration is called _____.

active transport

35

What happens when a phosphate group is removed from ATP?

ADP forms and energy is released

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36

What happens when a phosphate group is added to ADP?

ATP forms and energy is stored

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37

Where do the light independent reactions take place?

stroma of the chloroplast

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38

What are the reactants of photosynthesis?

water and carbon dioxide

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39

What are the reactants of cellular respiration?

sugar and oxygen

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40

What are the products of photosynthesis?

sugar and oxygen

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41

What are the products of cellular respiration?

water and carbon dioxide

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42

The region outside the thylakoid membranes in a chloroplast is called the _____.

stroma

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43

In this process, sugars are broken down to release water, carbon dioxide and energy

cellular respiration

44

List the steps of cellular respiration in order.

glycolysis, citric acid cycle, electron transport chain

45

When there is no oxygen, what process comes after glycolysis in muscle cells?

lactic acid fermentation

46

What is the difference between facilitated diffusion and active transport?

active transport requires energy

47

In this process, water and carbon dioxide and converted into sugars and oxygen

photosynthesis

48

What gas is produced by the process of cellular respiration?

carbon dioxide

49

When we placed the potato piece in salt water, it lost water because the salt water was a _____ solution.

hypertonic

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50

What process caused the potato in the hypotonic solution to gain mass?

osmosis