unit 9 Flashcards Preview

US history > unit 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in unit 9 Deck (14):
1

brown vs board of edu

oliver browns daughter was forced to walk 2x the amount to school than close white school
-segregation affected blacks ability to learn
-court said sep but equal edu facilities were unequal

2

MLK

black minister who led bus boycott
-wanted to fight housing conditions
-led civil rights movement

3

CORE

congress of racial equality

4

civil rights act of 1964

johnson passed it
-all men entitled to liberty, no matter race
-outlawed any discrimination, banned segregation
-did not apply total equality though

5

voting rights act 1965

johnson signed
-protected voters from discriminatory practices
-led to racial tension and rage, unemployment, and unfulfilled expectations

6

black panthers

began as a community org, but led to murders, rebellion, rape, criminals, fights, and weapons

7

native americans

-unemployment high, life expectancy low
-issued a declaration of indian purpose asking for help with fed programs
-indian civil rights act guaranteed protection of the bill of rights and recognized the local reservation law
-american indian movement AIM: staged symbolic protests by occupying alcatraz and claiming ownership by "right of discovery"
-gambling casinos

8

equal pay act

outlawed paying men more than women

9

the civil rights act and women

outlawed job discrimination

10

title IX

prohibited federally funded schools from discriminating against women in all aspects--admissions to athletics

11

central high school 1957

-little rock, arkansas
-9 students be admitted to central high
-the governor, orval faubus, ordered troops from the national guard to prevent the students from entering the school
-the students entered the building and were beaten
-violence convinced eisenhower he had to act
-he ordered army sent to little rock and kids attended school`

12

SNCC

student nonviolent coordinating committee
-student leaders from other states joined together
-played a key role in desegregating facilities in southern communities
-sent volunteers into rural areas to register blacks to vote

13

united farm workers

union that boycotted and fought for union recognition, increased wages, and better benefits
-led by cesar chaves and dolores huerta

14

counterculture

-hippies
-wanted to built utopia--society freer, closer to nature, full of love, tolerance, cooperation
-long hair, headbands, shabby clothes, drugs
-wanted to live together in communes
-after a few years, began to decline because dangerous communities, drug use waned as people died, got older and moved on
-fashion: recycled clothes, ethnic clothing, fringe, tie-dyed, long hair...soon became mainstream
-music: rock n roll, folk, bob dylan, jimi hendrix, amped instruments