Units 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Units 1 & 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Units 1 & 2 Deck (54):
1

prefix

indicates status, location, time, or number

2

root

part of body involved in the concept

3

suffix

indicates disease, condition, disorder, or procedure

4

what is the order of term analysis?

1-suffix, 2-prefix, 3-root

5

what are the combining vowels, and what is their use?

/o is most common, also /e, /i -- to ease pronunciation between a root & suffix that starts with a consonant

6

anatomy

study of body parts, structures

7

physiology

study of how the body parts work

8

body organization (small to large) (5 terms)

cell < tissue < organ < systems < organism

9

singular -a = plural

+e (add an "e" to the end) vertibra -> vertibrae

10

singular -ex; -ix = plural

-ices (change ending) cervix -> cervices

11

singular -is = plural

-es (change ending) neurosis -> neuroses

12

singular -itis = plural

-itides (change ending) arthritis -> arthritides

13

singular -nx = plural

-nges (change ending) larynx -> larynges

14

singular -on = plural

-a (change ending) criterion -> criteria

15

singular -um = plural

-a (change ending) ovum -> ova

16

singular -us = plural

-i (change ending) bronchus -> bronchi

17

protoplasm

the material that makes up a cell

18

3 constituent parts of a cell

cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus

19

tissue

a combination of highly specialized cells that serve a special function

20

two types of tissue

a) epithelial -- b) connective

21

epithelial tissue

surface tissue, ex/ skin

22

connective tissue

binding tissue, ex/ adipose!

23

gland

collection/grouping of specialized cells that secrete material for use elsewhere

24

two types of glands

a) exocrine -- b) endocrine

25

exocrine gland

secretes to ducts, ex/ sweat

26

endocrine gland

secretes to blood, ex/ thyroid

27

which gland is both exocrine & endocrine?

pancreas

28

skeletal system

acts as support, storage, produces blood

29

muscular system

movement, support, generates heat

30

cardiovascular system

feeds the body's cells

31

lymphatic & immune system

nutrient & waste movement, and protects the body

32

respiratory system

delivers oxygen and removes carbon dioxide

33

digestive system

absorbs nutrients, eliminates waste

34

urinary system

filters the blood, and maintains fluid balance

35

nervous system

is the coordinating/messenger in the body

36

integumentary system

protective, regulates temperature and water in the body

37

endocrine system

integrates functions and growth

38

reproductive system

to produce new humans

39

superior

above or closer to the head

40

inferior

below or closer to the tail

41

anterior

to the front

42

ventral

to the front

43

posterior

to the back

44

dorsal

to the back

45

medial

to the imaginary vertical middle line

46

lateral

away from the midline

47

proximal

near the point of origin/trunk

48

distal

away from the point of origin/trunk

49

peripheral

away from the centre

50

supine

lying face up/on back

51

prone

lying face down/on stomach

52

what are the two main body cavities?

1) dorsal (back) -- 2) ventral (front)

53

dorsal cavity contains:

cranial, spinal

54

ventral cavity contains:

thoracic (lungs), abdominal (kidneys), pelvic (uterus)