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Labratory Assesment > Urinalysis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinalysis Deck (11):
1

What's a normal amount of urine production?

Cats , Dogs and horses all produce 1-2ml of urine per hour which is effectively 24/48 mls a day

2

In avian species why can urine analysis be difficult ?

Bird must be houses separately, it can be difficult to separate urine from fecal matter

3

Urine should be collected in the morning why?

Sample is more concentrated, more likely to highlight bacterial content , evidence of crystals and other parameters

May have an effect on interpretation of specific gravity and hydration status

4

What is specific gravity ?

Testing specific gravity with a refractometer Indicated the concentrating ability of of the animals kidney

5

What do you use to collect a urine sample?

-Universal containers

- Bacteriology sample - boric acid container will be provided preserves the bacteria

- katkor litter for cat sample

6

What is the normal SG for a Canine ?

1:015 - 1:045

7

What is the normal SG range for a Feline?

1:035 - 1:060

8

What is the normal SG for an Equine?

1:020 - 1:050

9

Symptoms of elevated SG levels?

- Dehydration
- Acute renal failure
- Diabetes mellitus
- shock
- sediment
- Haemorrhage

Elevated SG means concentrated urine

10

Symptoms of Decreased SG ??



- Polydipsia
- Chronic renal failure
- Diabetes insipidus
- Cortico-steroid treatment
- pyometra

Decreased SG means urine is less concentrated

11

Urine sampling is of significant diagnostic value why?

- Several methods of collection, results are easily indicative of abnormalities less stressful for birds