Vaccinations Flashcards Preview

Clinical Pathology > Vaccinations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vaccinations Deck (9):
1

What are the main aims of vaccinations?

Prevent morbidity/death from preventable diseases

2

Name 4 examples of live vaccinations

BCG
Varicella
MMR
Yellow fever

3

Name 3 examples of inactivated organism vaccines

Typhoid
Pertussis
IPV

4

Name 2 inactivated toxin vaccines

Tetanus
Diphtheria

5

Name 2 organism component vaccines

Influenza
Pneumococcal

6

Advantages of live vaccines

-Single dose sufficient to induce long term immunity
- strong immune response evoked

7

Disadvantages of live vaccines

- can become virulent
- possible contamination
- contraindicated in immunosuppressed
- Interference by viruses/vaccines/passive antibodies
- poor stability

8

Advantages of attenuated/inactive vaccines

- Stable
- Unable to cause infection

9

Disadvantages of Attenuated/inactive vaccines

- Not as long term (shorter term)
- Not as powerful immunity evoked - multiple doses required

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