Why Russia is Different
- fierce persucuter of Christians because they refused to worship his image
- the split into Western and Eastern Christianity occured during his reign
Struggle for power after ______'s death in year _______ .
Who was the victor of the struggle?
- attributed victory to power of Christian God
- because his mother Helen was already Christian
Center of the Eastern Christian projection of faith.
Mary, Mother of God
first five book of the Bible
proclamation of Christianity as the official religion of the Roman empire
Edict of Milan - 313
Found of _______ near the city of Byzantium during year _______ .
Established a new church authority.
Why did Rome remain relevant as Christian center?
Patriarch (Supreme Father)
it was the seat of the first bishop in Christian Church - Pope (Holy Father); the first Pope was the disciple Peter was crucified in Rome
doctrine that justified the divine authority of the emperor
Religious authority in the
West - independent Papal authority
East - religious authority closely related with secular and political authorityy
Height of the Christian Roman Empire.
Built a one of the greatest monuments of civilization.
What did it allow?
Reign of Justinian (527-565)
it allowed the believer to accept the doctrine of the trinity
basic statement of the Holy Trinity - Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit
4th century, named after city of Nicea, where leading promulgator of trinity doctrine was in - Saint Nicholas
Rise of Islam
when Muhammud emigrated from Mecca to Medina
also first jihad which caused disarray which led to iconoclasm - breaking of holy images
Basic form of Christian Church in its Roman origins
elongated structure (derived from Roman house) with a mamin aisle from entrance to altar
Became the modle of churches
Saint Sophia Cathedral - great dome centered structure
didn't have enough engineering skill to reproduce great dome so made centralized structure with smaller dome in center and subsidery domes around it
Basic Byzantine plan that looks like a cross
square with circle in middle and aisle going out to look like cross
East Slavs had ______.
Why was it so important?
it connected the North Sea to Black Sea
valuable because the Mediterranean was too dangerous because of pirates
3 Viking brothers show up in ______ on year ______.
they were invited to rule over the people there and accepted power in Novgorod
When did ______ accept Christianity in the capital city of ______?
988; Grand Prince Vladimir; Kiev
the population was baptized in Dnieper River
marries daugther of Byzantine Emperor - where East Christianity began