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Flashcards in W1RUSS Deck (19):
1

Why Russia is Different

1. geography

2. politics

3. culture

2

Diocletian

- fierce persucuter of Christians because they refused to worship his image

- the split into Western and Eastern Christianity occured during his reign

3

Struggle for power after ______'s death in year _______ .

Who was the victor of the struggle?

Diocletian

305

Constantine

4

Constantine

- attributed victory to power of Christian God

-  because his mother Helen was already Christian

5

Center of the Eastern Christian projection of faith.

Mary, Mother of God

6

first five book of the Bible

the Torah

7

proclamation of Christianity as the official religion of the Roman empire

Edict of Milan - 313

8

Found of  _______ near the city of Byzantium during year  _______ .

Established a new church authority.

Why did Rome remain relevant as Christian center?

Constantinople; 330

Patriarch (Supreme Father)

it was the seat of the first bishop in Christian Church - Pope (Holy Father); the first Pope was the disciple Peter was crucified in Rome

9

doctrine that justified the divine authority of the emperor

Caesaropapism

10

Religious authority in the

West

East

West - independent Papal authority

East - religious authority closely related with secular and political authorityy

11

Height of the Christian Roman Empire.

Built a one of the greatest monuments of civilization.

What did it allow?

Reign of Justinian (527-565)

Hagia Sophia

it allowed the believer to accept the doctrine of the trinity

12

basic statement of the Holy Trinity - Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit

Nicene Creed

4th century, named after city of Nicea, where leading promulgator of trinity doctrine was in - Saint Nicholas

13

Rise of Islam

622 AD

when Muhammud emigrated from Mecca to Medina

also first jihad which caused disarray which led to iconoclasm - breaking of holy images

14

Basic form of Christian Church in its Roman origins

basilica

elongated structure (derived from Roman house) with a mamin aisle from entrance to altar

15

Became the modle of churches

Saint Sophia Cathedral - great dome centered structure

didn't have enough engineering skill to reproduce great dome so made centralized structure with smaller dome in center and subsidery domes around it

16

Basic Byzantine plan that looks like a cross

Cross Inscribed

 

square with circle in middle and aisle going out to look like cross

17

East Slavs had ______.

Why was it so important?

Dnieper River

it connected the North Sea to Black Sea

valuable because the Mediterranean was too dangerous because of pirates

18

3 Viking brothers show up in ______ on year ______.

Kiev; 863

they were invited to rule over the people there and accepted power in Novgorod

19

When did ______ accept Christianity in the capital city of ______?

988; Grand Prince Vladimir; Kiev

the population was baptized in Dnieper River

marries daugther of Byzantine Emperor - where East Christianity began