What 3 fundamental things were happening?
1. Mongols are fragmenting
2. Moscow is seen as the unifier of Russia
3. Church was starting to advocate resistance
Founder of Muscovite Monasticism
Who was he close to?
St. Sergius of Radonezh
What was St. Basil the first in?
the first visiaully documented when onion domes appeared
What was the Dormition Cathedral based on?
the Dormition Cathdedral in Vladimir
What is a shatyor?
What was Prince Dmitry later known as?
When and why?
What did he do two years later?
1380, he won the first major victory over the Mongols
defeated Khan Mamai
What did the Church of the Ascension's structure represent?
the strong vertical structure represented the relation to the diety
axis mundi - axis of the world
What did the church counsel?
endurance, not resistence
this began to change in the Middle of 14th Century
How was the Church of the Decapitation of John the Baptist structurally?
octagonal base; four octagonal structure on each corner, each its own church
little columns comes out to distribute the weight
inside of dome is a spiral
limestone pattern help distribute weight
bricks are layered - corbel bricks - one layer stick out slightly more than the one below it
What happened with the election of a certain person and when?
1613 - establishment of Romanov Dynasty with election of Michael Romanov
What is the onion dome known as in Russian?
What Italian design that the Archangel Michael Cathedral contained?
What was the daughter of the woman that wanted John the Baptist's head name?
Why was St. Basil's built?
as a votive church to celebrate Ivan's victory in Kazan in 1552
Who built the Dormition Cathedral?
What did the Italians teach to Russians to use?
Brick instead of stone
Ivan III ruled long and prosperous and died in
Who commissioned the Archangel Michael Cathedral and who finished it?
Ivan III commissioned it and his son Vasili III finished it
What was the Archangel Michael Cathedral used as until when?
burial sanctuary for the rules of Moscow until the time of Peter the Great
What was St. Basil dedicated to?
because Kazan was taken on Intercession day
Who started the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great and who finished it?
Ivan the great started it and died and his son Vasili III finished it
Main Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin
What happened during the reign of Ivan the Great (III)?
1453 - Constantinople falls
What happened during the period after Theodore died
Time of troubles - 1605 - 1619
Who escaped from Constantinople when it fell?
What was special about the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great?
It was built in two stages
Dates and what was taken
What was Church of the Ascension known as and why was it built?
first great Russian tower Church
as votive offering for the birth of Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible)
What was the Russian woman's headdress structure knwon as?
What did the church play a role in?
uniting the princes behind Moscow
What was the last attempt to save Constantinople? When?
the Counsel of Florence - western churchmen gathered the orthodox bishops saying that we will give you help if you accept the authority of the Pope - the representative of the Church Signed on
Russians rejected the counsel of Florence
Who built the Church of the Ascension?
What is the structure above the shatyor?
What was the Structure of the Church of the Ascension started from is base?
cross with corner bays filled out which transitions to an octagon, a very stable self reinforcing structure, which trasitions to shatyor - tent tower