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Flashcards in W5RUSS Deck (34):
1

What 3 fundamental things were happening?

1. Mongols are fragmenting

2. Moscow is seen as the unifier of Russia

3. Church was starting to advocate resistance

2

Founder of Muscovite Monasticism

Who was he close to?

St. Sergius of Radonezh

Prince Dmitry

3

What was St. Basil the first in?

the first visiaully documented when onion domes appeared

4

What was the Dormition Cathedral based on?

the Dormition Cathdedral in Vladimir

5

What is a shatyor?

tent roof

6

What was Prince Dmitry later known as?

When and why?

What did he do two years later?

Dmitry Donskoy

1380, he won the first major victory over the Mongols

defeated Khan Mamai

7

What did the Church of the Ascension's structure represent?

the strong vertical structure represented the relation to the diety

axis mundi - axis of the world

8

What did the church counsel?

endurance, not resistence

this began to change in the Middle of 14th Century

9

How was the Church of the Decapitation of John the Baptist structurally?

octagonal base; four octagonal structure on each corner, each its own church

 

little columns comes out to distribute the weight

 

inside of dome is a spiral

 

limestone pattern help distribute weight

 

bricks are layered - corbel bricks - one layer stick out slightly more than the one below it

10

What happened with the election of a certain person and when?

1613 - establishment of Romanov Dynasty with election of Michael Romanov

11

What is the onion dome known as in Russian?

lukovitsa

12

What Italian design that the Archangel Michael Cathedral contained?

scallop motif

13

What was the daughter of the woman that wanted John the Baptist's head name?

Salome

14

Why was St. Basil's built?

as a votive church to celebrate Ivan's victory in Kazan in 1552

15

Who built the Dormition Cathedral?

Aristotle Fioravanti

16

What did the Italians teach to Russians to use?

Brick instead of stone

17

Ivan III ruled long and prosperous and died in

1505

18

Who commissioned the Archangel Michael Cathedral and who finished it?

Ivan III commissioned it and his son Vasili III finished it

19

What was the Archangel Michael Cathedral used as until when?

burial sanctuary for the rules of Moscow until the time of Peter the Great

20

What was St. Basil dedicated to?

Why?

Intercession

because Kazan was taken on Intercession day

21

Who started the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great and who finished it?

Ivan the great started it and died and his son Vasili III finished it

22

Main Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin

Dormition Cathedral

23

What happened during the reign of Ivan the Great (III)?

1453 - Constantinople falls

24

What happened during the period after Theodore died

Time of troubles - 1605 - 1619

25

Who escaped from Constantinople when it fell?

 

Zoya

26

What was special about the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great?

It was built in two stages

27

Mongol Invasion

Dates and what was taken

1237-1241

Vladimir

28

What was Church of the Ascension known as and why was it built?

first great Russian tower Church

 

as votive offering for the birth of Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible)

29

What was the Russian woman's headdress structure knwon as?

kokoshniki

30

What did the church play a role in?

uniting the princes behind Moscow

31

What was the last attempt to save Constantinople? When?

the Counsel of Florence - western churchmen gathered the orthodox bishops saying that we will give you help if you accept the authority of the Pope - the representative of the Church Signed on

1436

Russians rejected the counsel of Florence

32

Who built the Church of the Ascension?

Vasili III

33

What is the structure above the shatyor?

lantern

34

What was the Structure of the Church of the Ascension started from is base?

cross with corner bays filled out which transitions to an octagon, a very stable self reinforcing structure, which trasitions to shatyor - tent tower