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Flashcards in FinalStudy Deck (121):
1

What is the name and year of the proclamation of Christianity as official religion of Roman Empire?

Edict of Milan 313

2

Who was the persecutor of Christian?

Diocletian

3

Who accepted Christianity for Roman empire and what city did he find?

Constantine

Constantinople

4

Who was an important promulgator of the Nicene Creed?

St. Nicholas

5

What great monument did Justinian build in what century?

Hagia Sophia
6th century

6

What earth shattering event happened in the 13th century and what year?

sacking of Constantinople by Crusaders - 1204

7

What earth shattering even happened in the 16th century and what year?

fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Turks - 1543

8

What happened between the eastern and western church and in what year? (what attempt to reconcile)

split in church - 1054
reconcile - Council of Florence

9

What is the first Russian Dynasty founded by whom? Where and what year?

three brothers (Rurik)
863
Novgorod

10

Who accepted Christianity to Russia? What year and what city?

Grand Prince Vladimir
988
Kiev

11

Who was Grand Prince Vladimir's son and what did he do?

Yaroslav
St. Sophia Cathedral in Kiev

12

Who was Yaroslav's son and what did he do?

Vladimir Yaroslavich
St. Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod

13

What are the 5 rows on the iconostasis?

1. local row
2. deesis
3. festival row
4. prophet row
5. patriarch row

14

Which one means "in prayer"?
Which two are often switched?

deesis
deesis and festival row

15

What segment is the altar in facing what direction?
Where is the Annunciation?
What is on the top?
What image is in the altar?

apse - facing east
on east piers
Christ Pantocrator
Mary orante

16

What is the most famous icon?

Vladimir Mother of God

17

What is the most famous icon painted by a Russian? What is his name?
Who is it dedicated to?

Old Testament Trinity
Andrei Rublev
St. Sergius of Radonezh

18

What does Dormition portray?

Mary falling asleep

19

What are some prophets?

Moses, Isaiah, Ezekiel, Elijah

20

What are some patriarchs?

Abraham, Isaac, Jacob(Israel)

21

What was the Old Testament Trinity influenced from?

Genesis Chpt. 18

22

Who was the founder of Moscow?

Yury Dolgoruky

23

Who was the son of Yury Dolgoruky?
What buildings did he build and where?

Andrei Bogolyubsky
Church of the Intercession on Nerl River
Dormition Cathedral
(Moscow)

24

Who was the half brother of Andrei Bogolyubsky?
What did he do and where?

Prince Vsevolod III
St. Dmitry Cathedral
rebuilt and expanded Dormition Cathedral
(Moscow)

25

What was the main cathedral of Russia?

Dormition Cathedral

26

What buildings was Ivan III responsible for?

Dormition Cathedral in Moscow
Archangel Michael Cathedral in Moscow

27

Who was the architect for the Dormition Cathedral in Moscow?

Aristotle Fioravanti

28

What was the royal church that was where rulers were buried until time of Peter I?

Archangel Michael Cathedral in Moscow

29

What building was Basil III responsible for?

Bell Tower of Ivan the Great (built in two stages)
Church of the Ascension at Kolomonskoe

30

What was the votive offering church for the birth of Ivan v?

Church of the Ascension at Kolomonskoe

31

What buildings was Ivan the IV (the Terrible) responsible for?

Decapitation St. John the Baptist
Church of the Intercession in Red Square (St. Basil's)

32

What was the votive offering church Ivan IV built?
For what and when

Church of the Intercession in Red Square
taking of Kazan 1552

33

What other building was built to emulate a church in Jerusalem?

Church of the Resurrection in New Jerusalem

34

When was the end of the Rurikovich Dynasty?

1598

35

Who took over after Theodore's death?
When did this person die?

Boris Godunov
1605

36

What period was it when there were many claimants to the throne?
What are the dates?

Time of Trouble
1605-1619

37

What was the new dynasty founded?
When?
By whom?
When does it end?

Romanov Dynasty
1613
Michael Romanov
1917

38

When was St. Petersberg founded?
When did it become capital?

1703
1711

39

When was the Battle of Poltava?

1709

40

What was the life span of Peter (I) the Great?
When was his reign?

1672-1725
1694-1725

41

Who was the first female ruler of Russia? when was her reign?

Catherine I
1725-1727

42

What buildings were associated with Peter the Great?

(Early Baroque)
Peter Paul Cathedral
Building of the Twelve Colleges

43

What building was the ministry building?
Who built it?

Building of the Twelve Colleges
Domenico Trezzini

44

What became the new royal church where rulers were buried?

Peter Paul Cathedral
the first major cathedral in St. Petersberg

45

Who ruled during the 1730's?

Ann

46

Who ruled after Ann? When was her reign?

Elizabeth
1741-1761

47

What buildings were associated with Elizabeth?

(High Baroque)
Peterhof
Winter Palace
Catherine Palace at Tsarkoe Selo
Cathedral of the Resurrection at Smolny Convent
Cathedral of St. Nichiolas

48

What architect built most of the buildings during Elizabeth's time? Which one?

Bartolomeo Rastrelli
Peterhof
Winter Palace
Catherine Palace at Tsarkoe Selo
Cathedral of the Resurrection at Smolny Convent

49

When was Catherine II's reign?

1762-1796

50

What buildings were associated with Catherine II's reign?

(Neoclassical)
Pavlovsk Palace
Hermitage
Cameron Gallery

51

Who built which two of the buildings duriong Elizabeth's reign?

Charles Cameron
Pavlovsk Palace
Cameron Gallery

52

Where is the Hermitage placed next to?
Why was it called this?

Winter Palace
1. Catherine rejected Baroque in favor of Neoclassical
2. Catherine collected paintings in this building where she would retreat to

53

Where was the Cameron Gallery?

attached to Catherine Palace at Tsarkoe Selo

54

What style did Pavlovsk Palace have?

Palladio's style - built around center rotunda

55

Who ruled after Catherine II?
When was his reign?
What happened to him?

Paul
1796-1801
assassinated

56

Who ruled after Paul?
When was his reign?

Alexander !
1801-1825

57

What buildings was Alexander I responsible for?

Kazan Mother of God Cathedral
The Stock Exchange
Admiralty

58

What was the Kazan Mother of God Cathedral known for?

victory memorial over Napolean
buriai place of Kutuzov

59

Who built the Admiralty?

Andreian Zakharov - son of Admiralty clerk

60

What period was the mixed styles?
What was a sub style of this?

Eclecticism
Historicism

61

Who ruled after Alexander I?
When was his reign?

Nicholas I
1825-1855

62

Who ruled after Nicholas I?
When was his reign?

Alexander II
1857-1881

63

When was Alexander II assassinated?

1881

64

Who ruled after Alexander II?
When was his reign?

Alexander III
1881-1896

65

Who ruled after Alexander III?

Nicholas II

66

What were some buildings during Eclecticism? (4) (2 monuments)

Admiralty
Building of the General Staff
Alexander Columns
Cathedral of St. Isaac of Dalmatia
Bronze Horseman
Church of the Resurrection on the Blood

67

Who build the Building of General Staff?
What did it have special?

Carlo Rossi
45 degree turn under the arch

68

Who build the Alexander Column?
What was it?
Where is it?

Montferrand
victory over Napolean - face of Alexander I on angel
Palace Square between Winter Palace and Building of General Staff

69

What was the largest Cathedral in St. Petersberg?
Who built it?
What was special between the builder and the church?

St. Isaac of Dalmatia
Montferrand
he wanted to be buried but refused because he was Catholic

70

What was the equestrian memorial for Peter the Great?

Bronze Horseman

71

When and where was the Decembrist Revolt?

December 1825
around the Bronze Horseman in Senate Square

72

Who painted the Last Day of Pompeii?

Karl Bruillov

73

Who painted the painting of Christ?
What was the name of the painting?

Alexander Ivanov
Appearance of Christ to the People

74

Who were the Realist painters?

Ilya Repin
Vasilii Surikov
Mikhail Nesterov

75

What paintings did Ilya Repin paint?

Volga Boatmen
Religious Procession in Kursk
They did not expect him
Arrest of the Propagandist

76

What did Vasili Surikov paint?

Conquest of Siberia by Yermak

77

What did Mikahil Nesterov paint?

Child Bartholomew's Dream

78

What was the modernist movement?
Who was the most famous person in it?

wanted to move to higher reality (magic)
Mikhail Vrubel

79

What did Mikhail Vrubel paint/

Hamlet and Ophelia
Demon Seated
Demon Cast Down
Hamlet

80

Which two painters were associated with Neo Primitivism?

Mikhail Larionov
Natalya Goncharova

81

What did Mikhail Larionov paint?

Soldier in the Woods
Soldier (second version)
Soldier Resting

82

What symbols where in Soldier Resting?
What was he doing?

Venus of Willendorf
Odalisque pose

83

What did Natalya Goncharova paint?

Four Evangelist
Icon Motifs

84

What influences were on the Neo Primitist painters?

Russian icons, lubok, and post impressionism

85

Who tried to move art towards the spiritual?

Wassily Kandinsky

86

What book did Wassily Kandinsky write?

Concerning the Spiritual in Art

87

Where was most of Wassily Kandinsky's paintings?
What influenced

Munich

88

What type of art did Wassily Kandinsky do?

non-objective

89

What characteristic very evident in Wassily Kandinsky's paintings?

vectors

90

What group was Wassily Kandinsky a part of?

Les Fauves

91

What painting did Wassily Kandinsky make?

Red Square

92

What paintings did Marc Chagall paint?

I and the Village
White Crucifixion

93

Who painted White Crucifixion?
What was it showing?

Marc Chagall
Night of Crystals

94

When was the partition of Poland?
Between what three countries?

late 18th century
Prussia, Austro-Hungary, Russia

95

What required Jews to live where the were?

pale of settlement

96

Who was associated with Suprematism?

Kazimir Malevich

97

What type of paintings did Kazimir Malevich make?

non-objective art

98

What played a crucial role in bringing Russian Avant Garde art to the West?

Museum of Modern Art

99

What did Kazimir Malevich paint?

Black Square, Black Circle, Black Cross, White on White

100

What did Suprematism morph into?
What was it based off of?

Dynamic Suprematism
vectoring - off axis, destabilized

101

Who were followers to Kazimir Malevich?

El Lissitzky
Alexander Rodchencko
Lynbov Popova

102

What was El Lissitzky known for?
What did he paint? (What was it about?)

transforming Suprematism into architecture
A Prounen; general relativity

103

Who was a gifted follow of Kazimir Malevich that was known for painting dynamic suprematism?

Lynbov Popova

104

What type of art did Alexander Rodchencko do?
What was it for?
What was of his art? What was it like?

photo
poster advertising
Expressive Rhythm - like Pollock

105

What is the architect of this period?
What is he associated with?
What did he build?

Moisei Ginzburg
Constructivism
Narkomfin Apartment House

106

What is Constructivism?

not decorate but contruct with basic harmonic elements

107

When were the Stalinist tower built?
What was it influenced from?

After World War II
skyscrapers from New York City

108

Where is the main collection of Art in Russia?
What is the other museum?

Russian Museum in St. Petersberg
Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow

109

What period was the Hermitage?

Catherine the Great

110

What is an example of a Stalinist tower?

Building of Moscow University

111

When was the first victory over the Tartars?
Who won it?
Who suported him?

Dmitry Donskoy
1380
St. Sergius of Radonezh

112

When did Tamerlane retreat due to which icon?

1390's
Vladimir Mother of God

113

What is on Nevsky Prospekt?

Cathedral of Kazan Mother of God

114

When was Iconoclasm?
What was it?

726
period of destruction of icons in Byzantine Empire

115

Who was the previously head of the church?
When did Moscow get it's own leadership which is called?

metropolitan
patriarchate 1589

116

When was the Great Northern War?

1700-1721

117

What are the four water arteries in St. Petersberg?

Lake Ladoga, Neva River, Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea

118

When was the liberation of the serfs?
When was the Emancipation Proclamation?

1861
1863

119

When does Ivan IV (the Terrible) die?

1584

120

What king of what country was in conflict during the Great Northern War?

Charles XII of Sweden

121

Name and year of decisive Russian victory in Great Northern War?

1709 Battle of Poltava