What painting criticized the traditional faith of the Russian people?
Religious Procession in Kursk
Who were part of the Realist Painters?
Who was the leader of the realist painters?
What paintings did Ilya Repin paint?(4)
Religious Procession in Kursk
They did not expect him
Arrest of the Propagandist
What type of painting did Repin focus on?
painting of social criticism
What notion did the Volga Boatmen bring? (2)
What is the dramatic event happening?
What is the irony of the picture?
notion of humans as beast of burden
people are what matters, yet we are opressing them
youth in center throwing off the yoke
the people are going to be out of work soon - steamboat in background
What is the point of the Volga Boatmen painting?
Russian people are still being oopressed and the fact the people are still toiling as direct way of expressing protest
What notion did the Religious Procession in Kursk bring?(2)
What does the policemen on horse show?
What is the special person in the scene?
social commentary - religious observance as part of backwardness of Russia
the people are misled
brute force over the people
boy in crutch in front - jaws forward searching for the Truth
What notion did They did not expect him bring?
What is the scene?
What happened to him?
Was it displayed openly?
painting of protest
woman dressed in black and man with tattered clothes walks in
probably sent to prison in Siberia for terrorism
Yes, the name was vague and can be interpreteed as anything
What is the painting like in They did not expect him?
a box of stage with the 4th wall removed and the people are acting out a scene which is interpreted as protest
What scene did the Arrest of the Propagandist portray?
How do we know who is the propagandist and what is he trying to do?
What does he represent?
intellectuals trying to incite peasants into rebellion - these people were called populists
he is in red and is trying to spread the truth
He is the Christ figure
What is the scene of the Arrest of the Propagandist like?
Who are the two sympathetic people in the painting?
scene with fourth wall removed
the propagandist and the woman
What notion did the Arrest of the Propagandist bring?
What is the connection between the Propagandist and the woman?
the role of young educated women seeking alternative path for Russia
the propagandist and women are soul mates - she understands what he is trying to do; he failed but hope exists in the woman
What is in full force during Russian painting of 19th century?
What and where are the Two main Russian Art musuems in Russia and who built one of them?
1. Russian Museum in St. Petersbury
built by Carlo Rossi; was a palace that Alexander III donated
2. Tretyakov Gallery
What painting did Vasilii Surikov paint?
Conquest of Siberia by Yermak
What notion did the Conquest of Siberia by Yermak bring?
the supposition that the Russians can just walk in and
that the west can dominated the east
Who was Yermak?
What was the battle standard?
What steorotype was being played?
What was the prevailing force of the Cossack?
a Cossack hired to defeat the Khan of Siberia
orientalism - Westerners have a distorted view of the east as seductive but dangerous
gun struck fear to the orientals
What fated river started a war between Russia and Japan?
What was the name of the war?
Who won the Nobel Peace prize for doing what regarding this war?
Russo Japanese War
Theodore Roosevelt was first American to win Noble Peace prize for negotiating peace between them
Japan mauled Russia
What type of thinking caused the Russo Japanese War?
What did the loss of the war lead to for Russia?
misconception that they could just walk in
the loss led to the first Russian revolution in 1905
What did Mikhail Nesterov paint?
Child Bartholomew's Dream
What was notion that Child Bartholomew's Dream try to bring?
What type of view did it have contrasting what other painting?
What was the painting about?
Russia is a land of inherently good people
sympathetic view of Russian orthodox faith contrasting the Religious Procession in Kursk
the legend of ST. Sergius's religious conversion
What symbol was there in Child Bartholomew's Dream?
What did Bartholomew represent?
birch tree representing Russia
the Russian peopel at their highest
What was the Modernist movement influenced by?
What was that influenced influenced by?
What notion did it bring?
Neo Platonic philosphy
notion of other realms that serve as symbols of higher reality
What is the difference between realist and modernist?
realist is directed towards social criticism while modernist is talking about things that transcends reality
What parable was the main influence on symbolism?
What did it mean?
What is it trying to say about art?
Plato's parable of the cave
the wall is reality, what is beyond the cave is the higher reality, and the shadows on the wall are imitation of the higher reality
art's mission is through symbols to reach and convey the higher reality
What is the new direction of art?
the artist is the priest that takes us to a realm of magic and a realm of higher reality
What does symbolism want to do?
project us to another world
Who was the main person in the symbolist painting?
What did Mikhail Vrubel paint?(4)
Hamlet and Ophelia
Demon Cast Down
What was Mikhail Vrubel known for?
What was he obsessed with?
first to rediscover Medieval Russian art
notion of destruction and self destruction
What notion does Hamlet and Ophelia bring?
love itself harboring death
What did the first Hamlet and Ophelia show?
What did it drop?
mind of troubled people; Hamlet determiineed and oblivious to Ophelia
no perspective, dropping Renaissance; no depth rather the passion is in front of you - the tragic disjunction in front
What did the second Hamlet and Ophelia show?
What did it show Ophelia wanting?
What does these painting show about the painter?
Ophelia dressed in black - warning her own fate; and Hamlet murderously intent on something
she wants to protect him but his will is already elsewhere
the painter's obsession with notion of destruction and self destruction
What did Demon Seated show?
What is he doing?
the demon as a fallen angel
wistfully gazing remembering paradise lost
What does Demon Cast Down show?
What did it represent?
figure of a demon unnaturally twisted
it looks like Christ on cross - good and evil are mirroring eachother
What action does the Muse show and what does it represent?
What was this an expression of?
dagger rise to be plunged - feeling of his guilt
expression of his soul
What was Vrubel first to do?
first to take the step into another universe; used icons as influence
Who were the two painters in teh Avante Garde period?
his wife - Natalya Goncharova
What where Larionov and Goncharova influenced by?
What two strands came from modernism?
rediscovery of Medieval icon art
discovery of Russian folk art
What was Russian folk art like? (2)
primitive and bold
What is a lubok and what is it like?
primitive, crude, brightly colored
What was the purpose of Mikhail Larionov's paintings?
What influence can you see in his painting?
to shock and outrage the public
lubok - crude
What painting did Mikahil Larionov paint?
Soldier in the Wood
Soldier (second version)
What was Soldier in the Wood expressing?
What did it have?
joy of color and line
toy like horse
What icon motifs are on Soldier (second version)? (2)
What reference does it have to lubok?
What did it show?
red like icons and 3 people = old testament trinity
speaking in ballons
visceral appeal of color
What does Soldier(second version) have a lot of?
What type of art is it?
What is it trying to convey?
ontological art instead of epistmological
magic, belief, and faith conveyed through art
What is epistemology?
study of way of knowing
What type of things is Resting Soldier conveying?
What is he doing?
gender reversal and stereotype and art symbolism
What symbol does Resting Soldier have?
What does it represent?
What is this painting about?
Venus of Willendorf - object to protect women to coneive child without dying
it was created for majic, so this is showing what art must mean - art projecting us to higher reality
this is a painting about itself, the power of art
What was a important change during the Avante Garde art?
the most important artists during the time were women - role of women as fully equal partners
Who was Mikhail Larionov's wife?
What does she focus on?
What does she draw on?
goes more directly into religious motif
medieval art and folk art to convey art as spirituality
What paintings did Goncharova do?
Where does it seem the Four Evangelist would be?
Why is this wrong?
How does she contrast her husband?
taken out of deesis but this is not where four evangelist would be - she does it on her own
husband did vibrant nudes and joyous obscene scenes while she goes to origin of faith in different sense
What is both Goncharova and Larionov grounded on?
visceral effect of color and line
What is Icon Motifs by Goncharova like?
What is on the center?
What type of representation was it?
What is on top and what is on bottom?
like a royal gate
left is nativity, right is resurrection - life then triumph over death
top - three wise men, bottom - four seasons
What does icon motifs emerge?
emerging of spiritual element and comsic elements