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Flashcards in W2RUSS Deck (28):
1

What does the central dome in the Eastern Orthodox Church represent?

the heavens

2

Where is the altar and what is it?

in the central apse

it is the sanctuary of the Church

3

What belief is when the bread and wine literally turn into the blood and body of Christ?

transubstantiation

4

What is each architectual segment called?

What is the ceiling of these segments called?

bay

vault

5

The Core of the Church

dome in center and aisles on all side

there is a meaningful order rather than progression

6

What is on top of the structure?

Christ pantocrator "Christ ruler of all"

7

What is beneath the top of the structure in the dome?

the archangels

1. Michael

2. Gabriel

3. Raphael

4. Uriel

8

What is the cylinder that supports the dome?

What does this rest on?

the drum

the spandrel (transition from circle to square is 3D triangle)

9

Four spaces that support the dome?`

The Four Evangelists

1. Matthew

2. Mark

3. Luke

4. John

10

What is on the lower part as you go down?

Mary theotokos - Mary, Mother of God

image of Mary is in the central apse

11

Who are the people beneath the image of Mary?

Christ 2 times, giving the sacraments to his disciples

facing 6 disciples on each side

12

What is west of the east piers?

the Annunciation

13

What is virgin birth?

Parthenogenesis

14

What is Mary's hands up in blessing called?

orante position

15

How do you get God down to Earth?

Mary's mother Anne and the concept of Immaculate Conception - she conceived Mary without sin

Mary is born without sin then the Annunciation - Gabriel announces to Mary "Blessed art thou among women" and Christ was implanted in her body

she will always be holding thread

Her hair will be covered - married women in this culture are like this

16

What are most Russian nativity Churches dedicated to?

the nativity of Mary

17

What direction is the apse?

What is the primary function of it?

East

the consecration of the sacraments

18

Where is the image of the Annunciation?

West side of the East piers

there is Gabriel and Mary theotokos

19

Every church will have a _________.

dedication

it is related to an icon - a sacred image

the main icon of every church will be the sacred image into which the church is dedicated (eg. if dedicated to Dormition, then main icon will be the Dormition)

the main festival of the church will be the day on on which the icon is celebrated (eg. dormition)

20

What is on the West wall of the Church?

the Last Judgement

21

Who was the son Vladimir?

What did he do?

Yaroslav

he built the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev

22

Who was Yaroslav's son?

What did he do?

Vladimir Yaroslavich

he built a Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod

23

Russian naming system

patronymic - father's name

First name - Christian name

Second name - Father's name plus suffix

-ovich if male

-ovna if female

Third name - last name

24

Main veritcle supports

piers

25

Where the prince and family sits.

Choir gallery

26

Cathedral of Saint George

the dragon slayer saint

Roman officer who accepted Christianity

also called "Yurev Monastery"

27

Cultural triange that formed Russia

Kiev, Novgorod, and Vladimir

28

Why St. Sophia's Cathedral in Novgorod had no Christ Pantocrator.

German Nazi occupied Novgorod

missile concussion knocked off the plaster