What does the central dome in the Eastern Orthodox Church represent?
Where is the altar and what is it?
in the central apse
it is the sanctuary of the Church
What belief is when the bread and wine literally turn into the blood and body of Christ?
What is each architectual segment called?
What is the ceiling of these segments called?
The Core of the Church
dome in center and aisles on all side
there is a meaningful order rather than progression
What is on top of the structure?
Christ pantocrator "Christ ruler of all"
What is beneath the top of the structure in the dome?
What is the cylinder that supports the dome?
What does this rest on?
the spandrel (transition from circle to square is 3D triangle)
Four spaces that support the dome?`
The Four Evangelists
What is on the lower part as you go down?
Mary theotokos - Mary, Mother of God
image of Mary is in the central apse
Who are the people beneath the image of Mary?
Christ 2 times, giving the sacraments to his disciples
facing 6 disciples on each side
What is west of the east piers?
What is virgin birth?
What is Mary's hands up in blessing called?
How do you get God down to Earth?
Mary's mother Anne and the concept of Immaculate Conception - she conceived Mary without sin
Mary is born without sin then the Annunciation - Gabriel announces to Mary "Blessed art thou among women" and Christ was implanted in her body
she will always be holding thread
Her hair will be covered - married women in this culture are like this
What are most Russian nativity Churches dedicated to?
the nativity of Mary
What direction is the apse?
What is the primary function of it?
the consecration of the sacraments
Where is the image of the Annunciation?
West side of the East piers
there is Gabriel and Mary theotokos
Every church will have a _________.
it is related to an icon - a sacred image
the main icon of every church will be the sacred image into which the church is dedicated (eg. if dedicated to Dormition, then main icon will be the Dormition)
the main festival of the church will be the day on on which the icon is celebrated (eg. dormition)
What is on the West wall of the Church?
the Last Judgement
Who was the son Vladimir?
What did he do?
he built the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev
Who was Yaroslav's son?
What did he do?
he built a Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod
Russian naming system
patronymic - father's name
First name - Christian name
Second name - Father's name plus suffix
-ovich if male
-ovna if female
Third name - last name
Main veritcle supports
Where the prince and family sits.
Cathedral of Saint George
the dragon slayer saint
Roman officer who accepted Christianity
also called "Yurev Monastery"
Cultural triange that formed Russia
Kiev, Novgorod, and Vladimir
Why St. Sophia's Cathedral in Novgorod had no Christ Pantocrator.
German Nazi occupied Novgorod
missile concussion knocked off the plaster