W23-L1: Cellular Basis of Epilepsy Flashcards Preview

Matt's Block 06 - Neuro block > W23-L1: Cellular Basis of Epilepsy > Flashcards

Flashcards in W23-L1: Cellular Basis of Epilepsy Deck (14):
1

What is the most common serious chronic neurological condition?

Epilepsy

2

What is an epileptic seizure?

A transient occurrence of clinical signs and/or symptoms due to excessive and hyper-synchronous activity of populations of neurons in the brain

3

What is epilepsy?

A group of neurological diseases with enduring alterations in the brain resulting in abnormally increased predisposition to seizures

4

What are the causes of epilepsy?

Genetic, structural/metabolic and unknown

5

What are the three main classes of seizures?

-Partial seizures
-Generalised seizures
-Unclassifiable seizures

6

What is a partial seizure?

Arise in a limited number of cortical neurones within one
hemisphere

7

What is the most common cause of a partial seizure?

Structural or metabolic abnormalities

8

What are generalised seizures?

Appear to arise simultaneously in both hemispheres.

9

What is the most common cause of generalised seizures?

Genetic

10

Why is classifying epilepsies important?

-Prognosis
-Treatment options
-Genetic implications

11

What causes epilepsy?

Disturbance in the balance between inhibition and excitation of cortical neurones and neuronal networks.

12

T/F Having a seizure promotes the chance of having another seizure?

True

13

When are the age peaks of epilepsy seen?

Young and Old

14

What is the most common pathology in adults with partial epilepsy?

Mesial Temporal Sclerosis

Decks in Matt's Block 06 - Neuro block Class (48):