Flashcards in Week 2 Deck (27):
7 Approaches to Studying Islam
1. History of Religion approach
2. Cultural anthropology approach
3. Islam as socio-political institution
4. Islam as education practice and institution
5. Insider Approach
6. Devotional and emotional emphasize
7. Civilizational Approach
Principle Cities of Islam
Medina (Used to be Yathrib)
Two Types of Pre-Islamic Arabs
1. Yamani, who settled in the South. Developed sophisticated agriculture system and traded.
2. Mudari, settled in the north, were pastoral nomads.
- Most Arabian nomads were called this
- No central authority
- A lot of warfare and
Chief of bedouin tribe
Bedouin Social Status
It revolved around kinship
- Trade hub and religious centre for Arabs
- Quraysh tribe organized trade
The centre of Mecca. - Pre-Islam it was used to worship multiple gods and goddesses.
Pre-Islamic Arabs believed this force was your fate. There was no life after death, it took all your possessions.
People who claimed to be able to communicate with potentially troublesome beings.
- The tribe of Muhammad
- Custodians of Mecca
A clan within the Quraysh tribe to which Muhammad belonged.
Muhammad's Birth and Death
570 - 632
Muhammad's First Wife
Spontaneous monotheist but not necessarily a follower of any organized religion
Where Muhammad Secluded Himself
Worshipping multiple deities. In Islam, it is a capital sin.
Rejecting the truth revealed by God to Muhammad.
Quraysh's Reaction to Islam
At first they rejected it, as it threatened their social status.
Meccan Boycott of Hashemites
Quraysh boycotted Hashim clan so Muhammad would stop preaching. Khadijia and Uncle Abu Thalib died.
Aws and Khazrai Conflict
They couldn't settle it so they invited Muhammad to Yathrib to settle it.
When Muhammad migrated to Medina in 622. It was symbolic of the rupture of kinship ties that were central to tribal society. Now loyalty was the only thing that mattered.
The new Muslim community in Medina that had ethical and social practices that contrasted Arab tribal society.
Conflict with the Hijra
Some members of Aws and Khazraj and Jews didn't accept him.
Battles between Medina and Mecca
Battle of Badr
Battle of Uhud
Battle of the Ditch
The Treaty of Hudaybiyya
Muhammad could return to Mecca every year.