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Flashcards in Week 2 Deck (27):
1

7 Approaches to Studying Islam

1. History of Religion approach
2. Cultural anthropology approach
3. Islam as socio-political institution
4. Islam as education practice and institution
5. Insider Approach
6. Devotional and emotional emphasize
7. Civilizational Approach

2

Principle Cities of Islam

Mecca
Medina (Used to be Yathrib)

3

Two Types of Pre-Islamic Arabs

1. Yamani, who settled in the South. Developed sophisticated agriculture system and traded.
2. Mudari, settled in the north, were pastoral nomads.

4

Bedouins

- Most Arabian nomads were called this
- No central authority
- A lot of warfare and

5

Shyak

Chief of bedouin tribe

6

Bedouin Social Status

It revolved around kinship

7

Mecca (Pre-Islam)

- Trade hub and religious centre for Arabs
- Quraysh tribe organized trade
- Polytheistic

8

Ka'ba (Cube)

The centre of Mecca. - Pre-Islam it was used to worship multiple gods and goddesses.

9

Dahr

Pre-Islamic Arabs believed this force was your fate. There was no life after death, it took all your possessions.

10

Kahin (Soothsayers)

People who claimed to be able to communicate with potentially troublesome beings.

11

Quraysh

- The tribe of Muhammad
- Custodians of Mecca

12

Banu Hashim

A clan within the Quraysh tribe to which Muhammad belonged.

13

Muhammad's Birth and Death

570 - 632

14

Muhammad's First Wife

Khadija

15

Hanif

Spontaneous monotheist but not necessarily a follower of any organized religion

16

Where Muhammad Secluded Himself

Mount Hira

17

Shirk

Worshipping multiple deities. In Islam, it is a capital sin.

18

Kufr

Rejecting the truth revealed by God to Muhammad.

19

Quraysh's Reaction to Islam

At first they rejected it, as it threatened their social status.

20

Meccan Boycott of Hashemites

Quraysh boycotted Hashim clan so Muhammad would stop preaching. Khadijia and Uncle Abu Thalib died.

21

Aws and Khazrai Conflict

They couldn't settle it so they invited Muhammad to Yathrib to settle it.

22

Hijra

When Muhammad migrated to Medina in 622. It was symbolic of the rupture of kinship ties that were central to tribal society. Now loyalty was the only thing that mattered.

23

Umma

The new Muslim community in Medina that had ethical and social practices that contrasted Arab tribal society.

24

Conflict with the Hijra

Some members of Aws and Khazraj and Jews didn't accept him.

25

Battles between Medina and Mecca

Battle of Badr
Battle of Uhud
Battle of the Ditch

26

The Treaty of Hudaybiyya

Muhammad could return to Mecca every year.

27

Mecca 630 C.E.

Quraysh broke treaty with Muhammad. Under threat, Meccans submitted to Muhammad. Ka'ba was cleaned of polytheism, and converted to monotheistic place.