Flashcards in Week 14 Deck (17):
Muslim Secular Liberals
Those who fully embrace Western values and view Islam as a private devotion.
Those believe in liberalism, but believe Islam should be foundation in a state's social, political, and cultural order.
Public consultation (Democracy)
Anti-secularist. Believed westernization has freed people in the west, however in the Muslim world it has been used to preserve authoritarianism.
Muslims should modernize independently from the West.
Abdul Karim Soroush
Was originally part of Iranian revolution. Strayed from the regime on the issue of the Ulama. He believed they were fallible.
An Iranian intellectual during revolution. Also didn't agree with the legitimacy of the jurists (Ulama). Believed in secularism.
An Egyptian religious scholar (ulama) who believed Muslims ought to focus on themselves before the West. Was very critical of fellow Ulama who he thought was simply selling their laws to a secularist regime. Thought Islam must be included in all aspects of life.
Was critical of the denigration of women, and of sufism.
Former Sufi master, turned politician. Believed Sufism could be used politically to revive the umma. Believed Jihad was internal.
Islamization of Modernity
Yassine believed in modernization but run as an Islamic state. Believed this should be achieved by individuals leading by example. Believed women are more protected in Islam than in the West. Was a feminist.
Prominent figure defending Muslim against Soviet invasion in 1979. Palestinian professor of theology. Believed everyone must take part in Jihad.
Because of the invasion of the soviets, it became a base for Jihadist to take out their anger against the west. The US, Saudis, and Pakistan financed these jihadis to beat the soviets.
Osama bin Laden
A rich Saudi who left his fortune to fight with Jihadis in Afghanistan.
Egyptian doctor. Who had strong resentments towards the West.
Terror for Terror
The US killed Muslim women and children, so Al-Qaeda did it back.