Week 14 Flashcards Preview

Religious Studies 113 > Week 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 14 Deck (17):
1

Muslim Secular Liberals

Those who fully embrace Western values and view Islam as a private devotion.

2

Liberal Islamists

Those believe in liberalism, but believe Islam should be foundation in a state's social, political, and cultural order.

3

Shura

Public consultation (Democracy)

4

al-Ghanoushi

Anti-secularist. Believed westernization has freed people in the west, however in the Muslim world it has been used to preserve authoritarianism.

5

Indigenous Modernity

Muslims should modernize independently from the West.

6

Abdul Karim Soroush

Was originally part of Iranian revolution. Strayed from the regime on the issue of the Ulama. He believed they were fallible.

7

Mahdi Bazargan

An Iranian intellectual during revolution. Also didn't agree with the legitimacy of the jurists (Ulama). Believed in secularism.

8

Al-Ghazali

An Egyptian religious scholar (ulama) who believed Muslims ought to focus on themselves before the West. Was very critical of fellow Ulama who he thought was simply selling their laws to a secularist regime. Thought Islam must be included in all aspects of life.

9

al-Ghazali

Was critical of the denigration of women, and of sufism.

10

Abdessalam Yassine

Former Sufi master, turned politician. Believed Sufism could be used politically to revive the umma. Believed Jihad was internal.

11

Islamization of Modernity

Yassine believed in modernization but run as an Islamic state. Believed this should be achieved by individuals leading by example. Believed women are more protected in Islam than in the West. Was a feminist.

12

Abdullah Azzam

Prominent figure defending Muslim against Soviet invasion in 1979. Palestinian professor of theology. Believed everyone must take part in Jihad.

13

Afghanistan

Because of the invasion of the soviets, it became a base for Jihadist to take out their anger against the west. The US, Saudis, and Pakistan financed these jihadis to beat the soviets.

14

Osama bin Laden

A rich Saudi who left his fortune to fight with Jihadis in Afghanistan.

15

Ayman al-Zawahiri

Egyptian doctor. Who had strong resentments towards the West.

16

Terror for Terror

The US killed Muslim women and children, so Al-Qaeda did it back.

17

Amity and Enmity

A kharajites phrase, which means be hostile towards nonbelievers. Led to fiqh Saudi government.