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Religious Studies 113 > Week 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 3 Deck (24):
1

Muhammad's Successor

Abu Bakr

2

The War of Apostasy (Ridda)

A series of wars against Bedouin rebels led by Abu Bakr.

3

Musaylama

A group of people who followed what Muslims believe to be a false prophet.

4

Second Caliph

Umar

5

Dhimmi

A contract where non-Muslims would not be treated poorly in Muslim conquered lands.

6

Jizya

A tax for non-muslims who are under Muslim rule in exchange for protection.

7

Umar's Legacy

Umar is known for conquering Byzantine, Sassanids, Egypt, and Iraq. He also established garrison towns.

8

Madrasa

Any Islamic education system.

9

Ijtihad

Individual reasoning of the Qur'an

10

Third Caliph

Uthman

11

Fourth Caliph

Ali

12

The Battle of Camel

Aisha followers tried to overthrow Ali's leadership but failed

13

Muawiyya

Governor of Syria who refused to show loyalty to Ali.

14

The Battle of Siffin

Ali vs Muawiyya
Ended in arbitration

15

The Kharijtes

Those who once supported Ali but disagreed with Arbitration with Muawiyya.

16

Fifth Caliph

Muawiyya, but told Hasayn he could be caliph following his reign.

17

Sixth Caliph

Yazid, son of Muawiyya. This father to son caliph transition was the first in the hereditary monarchy in Islamic history.

18

The Karbala Tragedy

With Muhammad's grandson, Hasayn, was murdered by Yazid troops.

19

Seventh Caliph

Muawiyya II (lasted for 40 days)

20

Eighth Caliph

Marwan

21

Zubayr

A Meccan who tried to declare himself caliph during Marwan's rule.

22

Revolt of Mukhtar

Iraqis who were loyal to Ali. They tried to revolt against Marwan and Zubayr. but failed.

23

Ninth Caliph

Abd al-Malik

24

Tenth Caliph

al-Walid