Flashcards in Week 3 Deck (24):
The War of Apostasy (Ridda)
A series of wars against Bedouin rebels led by Abu Bakr.
A group of people who followed what Muslims believe to be a false prophet.
A contract where non-Muslims would not be treated poorly in Muslim conquered lands.
A tax for non-muslims who are under Muslim rule in exchange for protection.
Umar is known for conquering Byzantine, Sassanids, Egypt, and Iraq. He also established garrison towns.
Any Islamic education system.
Individual reasoning of the Qur'an
The Battle of Camel
Aisha followers tried to overthrow Ali's leadership but failed
Governor of Syria who refused to show loyalty to Ali.
The Battle of Siffin
Ali vs Muawiyya
Ended in arbitration
Those who once supported Ali but disagreed with Arbitration with Muawiyya.
Muawiyya, but told Hasayn he could be caliph following his reign.
Yazid, son of Muawiyya. This father to son caliph transition was the first in the hereditary monarchy in Islamic history.
The Karbala Tragedy
With Muhammad's grandson, Hasayn, was murdered by Yazid troops.
Muawiyya II (lasted for 40 days)
A Meccan who tried to declare himself caliph during Marwan's rule.
Revolt of Mukhtar
Iraqis who were loyal to Ali. They tried to revolt against Marwan and Zubayr. but failed.