Week 5 Flashcards Preview

Religious Studies 113 > Week 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 5 Deck (25):
1

Mawali

Non-Arab Muslims

2

Imam

The name for leadership with the Ali party

3

ilm

Divine, sacred knowledge

4

Hashimiyya

The collective of non-descendent and descendent leaders who supported Ali who overthrew Umayyad dynasty.

5

Hadith Folk

Those who did not like Umayyad but were pacifists. (Called Sunni?)

6

Jabrites

A sect of the Hadith folk who didn't challenge Umayyad

7

Qadarites

A sect of Hadith folk who did challenge Umayyad.

8

Walid II

A caliph who was murdered within his own Umayyad dynasty

9

Prince Abd al-Rahman

Only survivor of the Umayyad overthrow. Escaped to Spain and founded the Umayyad dynasty in the Iberian peninsula.

10

Golden Age of Islam

From the 8th to 13th century under the Abbasid dynasty.

11

Idda

Waiting period between wanting a divorce and getting one

12

6 Regional Schools of Thought

1. Maliki/Medinan
2. Hanafi
3. Shafi
4. Hanbali
5. Ja'fali
6. Isma'il

13

4 Sunni Schools

1. Maliki/Medinan
2. Hanafi
3. Shafi
4. Hanbali

14

2 Shi'a Schools

1. Ja'fali
2. Isma'il

15

Mazalim

Not an official Islamic school, but needed to enforce certain things that the Qur'an didn't mention.

16

Kalam

An Islamic theological discourse.

17

2 Major Influences of Islamic Theology

Internal Factor: The issue of just ruler, and the concept of God
External factor: Islamic theology was founded as a response to Jews and Christians.

18

Mutakallim

One who practices Kalam.

19

Divine predestination of free will?

Jabrites believed in divine predestination and Qadarites believed in free will.

20

Murji'a

Believed we shouldn't judge, only God can judge, no matter how wrong people may seem.

21

Mu'tazilite

A theological school of thought that emphasized human reason. Rejected God as a human-like thing.

22

Munafia

A hypocrite.

23

Bid'a

A blamable innovation according to Mu'tazilites.

24

Ash'arism

An off-shoot of Mu'tazilite.

25

Maturidism

Idfk. Some theology shit.