Flashcards in Week 5 Deck (25):
The name for leadership with the Ali party
Divine, sacred knowledge
The collective of non-descendent and descendent leaders who supported Ali who overthrew Umayyad dynasty.
Those who did not like Umayyad but were pacifists. (Called Sunni?)
A sect of the Hadith folk who didn't challenge Umayyad
A sect of Hadith folk who did challenge Umayyad.
A caliph who was murdered within his own Umayyad dynasty
Prince Abd al-Rahman
Only survivor of the Umayyad overthrow. Escaped to Spain and founded the Umayyad dynasty in the Iberian peninsula.
Golden Age of Islam
From the 8th to 13th century under the Abbasid dynasty.
Waiting period between wanting a divorce and getting one
6 Regional Schools of Thought
4 Sunni Schools
2 Shi'a Schools
Not an official Islamic school, but needed to enforce certain things that the Qur'an didn't mention.
An Islamic theological discourse.
2 Major Influences of Islamic Theology
Internal Factor: The issue of just ruler, and the concept of God
External factor: Islamic theology was founded as a response to Jews and Christians.
One who practices Kalam.
Divine predestination of free will?
Jabrites believed in divine predestination and Qadarites believed in free will.
Believed we shouldn't judge, only God can judge, no matter how wrong people may seem.
A theological school of thought that emphasized human reason. Rejected God as a human-like thing.
A blamable innovation according to Mu'tazilites.
An off-shoot of Mu'tazilite.