Week 10 Flashcards Preview

Religious Studies 113 > Week 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 10 Deck (12):
1

Iconophobia

Islam's fear of images - idol worshippers
Had prohibition to distance themselves from Pagans, Christians and Persians who had statues and figures.

2

Arabesques

Arabic art that was a way for Muslim artists to do art without associating their art with real things.

3

Masjid

Mosque. Term is used for all Arabic religions.

4

Wakaf

Financial support. Rich Muslim used this to support local mosques.

5

al-Nisa

Woman. Chapter 4 of the Qur'an.

6

Women in Fiqh

How jurists view women depends on local customs.

7

Early Arab Conquests

Between 635-645, Muslims took over Byzantine and Sasanian empires. By 698, they had North Africa.

8

Muslims in Iberian Peninsula

In 731, Umayyad Spain fought Christians in modern france in Battle of Poitiers.

9

Fall of Umayyad in Spain

The Umayyad fell to Spanish crusaders in 1085.

10

First Crusade

In order to legitimatize their authority over Christians, the Church declared Holy War on Muslims in 1095.
Specifically went after Jerusalem, which they took control over in 1099.

11

The Muslims strike back

In 1154, Muslims recaptured Damascus. In 1187, they recovered much of Palestine, and Jerusalem.

12

Ottoman Empire, 1453

Captured Constantinople.