Flashcards in Week 13 Deck (16):
al-Wahhab, al-Afghani, Abduh and Rida. None could institutionalize their ideas except Wahhab. However, their ideas flourished and inspired Islamism.
Islam as a political movement.
Believed Western education, law, values resulted in moral decay, and that these things were more dangerous than military domination.
The notion that the best form of political and spiritual organization was before the Umayyads took power. Believes Ulama is partly to blame.
The Muslim brotherhood. Aim was to restore the caliphate. Wanted to organize themselves as a brotherly society.
Former secularist, became prominent figure in the brotherhood. Joined arms with Nasser.
Conflict with Nasser
Qutb broke up with Nasser as Nasser adopted socialism. Nasser imprisoned him.
Promoted modernization without Westernization. Wanted to restore past glory of Mogul dynasty in India. Wanted to establish Islam as the only true political order.
Mawdudi and Violence
Did not believe in it. Thought his goals should be met through education and social activism.
Islamic community created by Mawdudi. He created an elitist community to support his goals of a theo-democracy.
A democratically elected leader, similar to a caliph.
Jama'at and Pakistan
Played large role in keeping Islam in constitution against secularist.
Revolutionary in the Iranian revolution in 1979.
Used to be a mystic.
Iran before revolution
Believed revolution was necessary in Iran unlike pacifist Sunnis.