Week 13 Flashcards Preview

Religious Studies 113 > Week 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 13 Deck (16):
1

Formative Period

al-Wahhab, al-Afghani, Abduh and Rida. None could institutionalize their ideas except Wahhab. However, their ideas flourished and inspired Islamism.

2

Islamism

Islam as a political movement.

3

Hasan al-Banna

Believed Western education, law, values resulted in moral decay, and that these things were more dangerous than military domination.

4

Authentic Islam

The notion that the best form of political and spiritual organization was before the Umayyads took power. Believes Ulama is partly to blame.

5

al-Muslimin

The Muslim brotherhood. Aim was to restore the caliphate. Wanted to organize themselves as a brotherly society.

6

Sayyid Qutb

Former secularist, became prominent figure in the brotherhood. Joined arms with Nasser.

7

Conflict with Nasser

Qutb broke up with Nasser as Nasser adopted socialism. Nasser imprisoned him.

8

Mawdudi

Promoted modernization without Westernization. Wanted to restore past glory of Mogul dynasty in India. Wanted to establish Islam as the only true political order.

9

Mawdudi and Violence

Did not believe in it. Thought his goals should be met through education and social activism.

10

Jama'at

Islamic community created by Mawdudi. He created an elitist community to support his goals of a theo-democracy.

11

Amir

A democratically elected leader, similar to a caliph.

12

Jama'at and Pakistan

Played large role in keeping Islam in constitution against secularist.

13

Ayatollah Khomeini

Revolutionary in the Iranian revolution in 1979.
Used to be a mystic.

14

Iran before revolution

Secularist
Marginalized Ulama
Westernized

15

Leftist Shi'ie

Believed revolution was necessary in Iran unlike pacifist Sunnis.

16

Khomeini and the State

Believed religion was not just a personal venture. It is a form of statehood as well. The root of all ills is secularism.