Week 7 Flashcards Preview

Religious Studies 113 > Week 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 7 Deck (19):
1

The Ascetics

Withdrawing from this world is their primary goal. Reflecting on the Qur'an is how they find God.

2

Sufism

Name came to be because of their trademark wool clothes.

3

al-Hasan al-Basri

The founding father of Sufism (also of kalam)

4

Rabi'a al-Adawiyya

Famous female controversial mystic

5

Rida

Complete reliance on God and unquestioning contentment with his will.

6

al-Hallaj

Very open Sufi, was executed by the Abbasids for heresy.

7

The Systemization of Sufism

After al-Hallaj execution, Sufis reconciled their teachings with Sunni creed.

8

Shaykh and Murid

The first is a master in Sufi and the second is disciples in Sufi.

9

Turuq/Tariqa

Brotherhoods of Sufis

10

Ijaza

A license for a Sufi to gain disciples.

11

Dhikir

A Sufi ceremony thing.

12

Awliya'

A friend of God or saint.

13

Karamat

Those seen with supernatural power in Sufism

14

Tauhid

Oneness with God

15

Madrasa

Local school of sufi

16

Zawiya, Ribat

Sufi lodges

17

Al-Alawi

Very popular Algerian sufi in 1914.

18

Ali, the Kharijites & Umayyad

Believed in strive for personal purity, moral uprightness without withdrawing from the world.

19

Sufism in Central Asia & Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire - Khalwatiyya
Central Asia - Qalandariyya