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Religious Studies 113 > Week 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 6 Deck (15):
1

Branches of Shi'ite movement

Twelver (Imamites), Seveners (Isma'ilis) and the Zaydis

2

Key Difference between Shi'ite and Sunni

Shi'ite advocated for leadership through descendents of the House of the Prophet. Sunnis believe they should be appointed by an electoral council.

3

Shura

An electoral council for the caliph.

4

The meeting at the "Pond of Khum"

A meeting the Shi'ites believe took place where Muhammad made Ali his successor. Sunnis deny this took place.

5

Zaydi

Those who believe any descendent of Ali is acceptable whereas the rest of Shi'ites believe only Ali's relatives through Husayn are acceptable.

6

Mahdi

A divinely guided leader according to Shi'ites.

7

Twelver Shi'ism

Believed in pacifism by Ja'fari. They focused on community building instead.

8

Ghayba

Living in occultation. Significant worldview of Shi'ites.

9

Two Branches of Zaydism

Jarudiyya (Umayyad illegitimate) and Batriyya (Umayyad weren't great)

10

Buyids

Adherents of Zaydi version of Shi'ism. So they were kind of Sunni kind of not I don't know.

11

Ibn Babawayh

Most important shi'ite theologian in the 10th century.

12

Isma'ilis

Named after Isma'il, eldest son of Ja'fara. Also called sevener because they stopped at seventh imam.

13

Batin

An Isma'ili belief in the existence of an inner, esoteric aspect of Islam.

14

Qarmatis

Sect of Ismai'li, which is sect, of Shi'ite, which is sect of Islam.

15

Fatimid imams

A series of caliphs in Egypt who had prosperity.