Week 2.4 Infectious Disease Agents and Classifications Flashcards Preview

Advanced Clinical Practice Complex Patient > Week 2.4 Infectious Disease Agents and Classifications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 2.4 Infectious Disease Agents and Classifications Deck (48)
Loading flashcards...
31

what are some examples of prions

cruetzfeldt Jakob, mad cow

32

is there a treatment for prions

no

33

what are some areas of attack

generalized or systemic
organ systems
CNS
hematological
skin and soft tissue
musculoskeletal
bone

34

what is direct contact transmission

-person to person (touch, droplet, sex, feces)
-bites from insects or animals
-mother to unborn child, placenta or the vaginal canal during delivery

35

what is indirect contact transmission

-contact with a contaminated surface, object, food, blood, water.
-Can travel through the air

36

what are the BIG 5 infectious diseases, according to the WHO

pneumonia
diarrhea
HIV/AIDS
tuberculosis
malaria

37

what is sepsis

a life threatening complication of infection occurring when the immune reaction to infection triggers an inflammatory response throughout the body, the inflammation can trigger a cascade of changes that will damage organs, and causes failure.

38

what patient populations are at high risk for sepsis

older adults and immunocompromised

39

what are the three stages of sepsis

sepsis
severe sepsis
septic shock

40

what is the sepsis stage

confirmed infection with at least 2 of the following
-body temp over 101 or below 96.8
-HR >90bpm
-RR>20 breaths per minute

41

what is the severe sepsis stage

at least one of the following s/s indicating organ failure
-decreased urine output
-abrupt AMS
-decreased platelet count
-difficulty breathing
-abnormal heart pump function
-abdominal pain

42

what is septic shock

all the s/s of severe sepsis, with extreme hypotension that does not respond to fluids.

43

what are risk factors for sepsis

old or very young
immunocompromised
hospitalization in ICU
wounds or injuries (burns)
invasive devices like catheter or intubated
antibiotic resistant bacteria

44

what are compilation with sepsis

impaired organ function
blood clots
death

45

___ burden is greater than HIV/AIDS, TB, malaria, combined

health care associated infections (HAI)

46

what are the 5 most common HAI

e.coli
staph
enterococcus faecalis
pseudomonas aeruginosa
Candida albicans

47

what are common sites for HAI

UTI, surgical wounds, joints, lower respiratory tracts

48

risk factors for HAI

age
immunodeficiency/immunosuppressed
misused antibiotics
invasive diagnostics and procedures
agitation
surgery, burns
length hospitalization