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Flashcards in WWII B Deck (26)
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1

What are the major functions of the United Nations -Security Council

Can step into conflicts in countries to stop them from escalating into war

2

What are the major functions of the United Nations -General Assembly

All countries have a vote in world affairs

3

What are the major functions of the United Nations -International Court of Justice

Convicts war criminals

4

Explain how Hitler expanded his power for each of the following events -Czechoslovakia

Took over the region

5

Who are the allies?

Britain, France, the United States, Soviet Union

6

What were the negative consequences of doing this

- It killed over 100,000 instantly, and more hundreds of thousands in the weeks that followed -The effects on the citizens of Japan was cruel, even by the standards of war.

7

Explain how Hitler expanded his power for each of the following events -Austria

Combined Austria into the German empire

8

How successful was Hitler at fighting in the war?

Hitler’s armies were very successful early in the war, but were terribly ineffective after the invasion of the Soviet Union.

9

Why did Hitler/ Germans want the above things?

He wanted to make Germany powerful again, expand their living space, and combine all the German speaking people into one empire.

10

Why does that happen?

He had lost the war, and did not want to be captured by the Soviets

11

How did Japan change after World War 2?

-The United States took CONTROL of Japan -Forced it to DEMILITARIZE -Lost all COLONIES - EMPEROR had to admit he was not a GOD -A DEMOCRACY was set up -Became ALLIES with the US during the COLD WAR

12

What is appeasement?

diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid conflict.

13

Explain how Hitler expanded his power for each of the following events Army Size -

Broke Treaty of Versailles by starting to rebuilt his military, airforce, and navy in secret

14

What was the importance of each of the following battles: -StalinGrad

Hitler turned back on Stalin and USSR -Could not win, ended up being pushed back into Germany

15

What are the major functions of the United Nations -Economic and Social

-Gives loans to developing countries -Deals with disease outbreaks and health -Helps children in developing countries

16

What was the purpose of the Nuremberg Trials?

- Attempted to bring justice to the Nazi LEADERSHIP in Germany -Run by the United Nations Important step towards having an international court to prosecute war crimes and “crimes against humanity”

17

What was the consequence of appeasement for the Allies?

- Allowed Hitler to control a larger population to use as an army -Allowed Hitler to control a more people to tax and gather wealth from -Made Hitler seem invincible to his own people, so they bought into him as a leader -Allowed the Germans to control areas with tons of resources like iron, coal, and agricultural land

18

What was the importance of each of the following battles: -Battle of Britain

-Germany tried to Bomb Great Britain -could not invade- across the sea -Hitler gave up, since Great Britain would not give up and turned attention to Russia

19

What two cities does the US drop Atomic Bombs on?

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

20

Who are the Axis Powers?

Germany , Japan

21

Explain how Hitler expanded his power for each of the following events -Rhineland

Put his military in the region between France and Germany that was taken away from Germany in Treaty

22

What was the importance of each of the following battles: -Dunkirk

Left France to be taken over by Hitler -Hitler did not stop France and UK Troops from leaving, allowing them to re invade later

23

What happened to Hitler?

He committed suicide as the war was coming to an end

24

What are the four reasons why Europe allowed appeasement?

-The Allied Powers were in the depths of the Great Depression, and did not have the money to be involved in another war. -The memory of World War 1 was still fresh, and none of the world wanted to do that again. -They were trying to convince themselves that Hitler’s demands were reasonable, and hoped he would be satisfied if he got what he wanted -The militaries of the Allied countries were still recovering from WWI

25

What decisions were made at the Potsdam Conference?

-Split Europe into two -East- Communist controlled -West- Democratic and capitalist controlled

26

Why did the US drop the atomic bomb?

-The invasion of Japan would have been costly in terms of lives, both Japanese and American -We wanted to show off our new weapons to the Soviets as a show of our power.