08.19 - Restrictive Lung Disease (Zaman) - Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 08.19 - Restrictive Lung Disease (Zaman) - Questions Deck (24):
1

Lung Volume in Pulmonary HTN

Normal

2

2 Characteristics of Restrictive Lung Disease

Reduction of Lung Volume; Absence of Airflow Obstruction

3

Most common cause of restrictive interstitial disease

Pulmonary Fibrosis

4

ILD is an inflammatory process involving __ components of the alveolar wall

All of the

5

Why is diffusion decreased in ILD

Surface area is decreased

6

Which are usually treatable: Granulomatous or Non-Granulomatous ILDs?

Granulomatous

7

2 Causes of Granulomatous ILD

Berylliosis; Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

8

Non-granulomatous ILD of unknown etiology (2)

Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias; ILD w/ CT Diseases (Lupus, SS)

9

The hypoxemia of ILD is due to

V/Q mismatch

10

Many patients with ILD are ___, ___ breathers

rapid, shallow

11

Most common cause of hypoxemia in all acute and chronic lung disease

V/Q mismatch

12

Expiratory Airflow in ILD

Usually not reduced

13

Most common symptom symptom of ILD

Dyspnea

14

3 common signs of early-mid ILD (not dyspnea)

Tachypnea, Crackles, Digital Clubbing

15

2 late signs of ILD

Cor Pulmonale, Cyanosis

16

Radiologic finding of ILD that suggests End-Stage Lung Disease

Honeycomb

17

Earliest radiologic finding of ILD

Ground Glass

18

Radiologic finding seen only occasionally in ILD

Consolidation

19

Ground glass on radiology represents

Early Alveolar Filling

20

Is Ground Glass stage reversible?

Yes

21

Is Honeycomb stage reversible?

No

22

Normal cell composition of Alveolar Lavage

90 Mac's; 10 Lymphs; s

23

Majority Lymphocytes on Lavage Cytology =

Sarcoidosis

24

Majoirty Neutrophils on Lavage Cytology =

Idiopathic Fibrosis