10-1 Controlling Microbes in Body Flashcards Preview

BIO 119-352 > 10-1 Controlling Microbes in Body > Flashcards

Flashcards in 10-1 Controlling Microbes in Body Deck (13):
1

Characteristics of good germicide include: rapid, long-lasting, water and alcohol soluble, kills but is not toxic to humans and animals, resists inactivation, inexpensive and available. True or False?

T

2

Any chemical used in the treatment, relief, or prophylaxis of a disease is called a/an
a. Antimicrobial chemotherapy
b. Antibiotics
c. Chemotherapeutic drug
d. Semisynthetic drug

c. Chemotherapeutic drug

3

Type of chemotherapeutic drug to control infection is
a. Antimicrobials
b. Antibiotics
c. Chemotherapeutic drug
d. Semisynthetic drug

a. Antimicrobials

4

Drugs which are chemically modified in the laboratory to become stronger after being isolated from natural sources is known as
a. Antimicrobial chemotherapy
b. Antibiotics
c. Chemotherapeutic drug
d. Semisynthetic drug

d. Semisynthetic drug

5

Substances produced by natural metabolic processes of some microorganisms that can inhibit or destroy other microorganisms (mostly against bacteria) are called
a. Synthetic drug
b. Antibiotics
c. Narrow spectrum
d. Semisynthetic drug

b. Antibiotics

6

The use of chemical reactions to synthesize antimicrobial compounds in the laboratory are called
a. Antimicrobials
b. Broad spectrum
c. Narrow spectrum
d. Synthetic drug

d. Synthetic drug

7

Antimicrobials effective against a limited array or microbial types are called
a. Synthetic drug
b. Broad spectrum
c. Narrow spectrum
d. Semisynthetic drug

c. Narrow spectrum

8

The general term for any antimicrobial drug, regardless of its origin are called
a. Antimicrobials
b. Broad spectrum
c. Narrow spectrum
d. Synthetic drug

a. Antimicrobials

9

Antimicrobials effective against a wide variety of microbial types are called
a. Synthetic drug
b. Broad spectrum
c. Narrow spectrum
d. Semisynthetic drug

b. Broad spectrum

10

Selectively toxic to microbe but not the host, relatively soluble, doesn’t lead to antimicrobial resistance, remains active, and is readily delivered to the site of the infection are all characteristics of what?
a. The ideal antibiotic
b. The ideal antimicrobial drug
c. The ideal synthetic drum
d. The ideal semisynthetic drug

b. The ideal antimicrobial drug

11

Zones of inhibition are
a. Unclear areas with growth
b. Unclear areas with no growth
c. Clear areas with growth
d. Clear areas with no growth

d. Clear areas with no growth

12

Competitive inhibition is
a. The competition for food
b. The competition for enzymes
c. Inhibition of nucleic acid
d. Inhibition of viral assembly

b. The competition for enzymes

13

A series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell, resulting in either the formation of a metabolic product to be used or stored by the cell, or the initiation of another reaction is said to be
a. The antiviral agent
b. The metabolism
c. The metabolic pathway
d. The synergistic effect

c. The metabolic pathway