[10] Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease Flashcards Preview

[OS 213] CVS Module > [10] Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in [10] Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease Deck (11):
1

Conditions that cause Increased Pulmonary Blood Flow in the LVH

VSD
PDA
CAVSD

2

Conditions that cause Increased Pulmonary Blood Flow in the RVH

ASD
PAPVR

3

[Must Know]

Why is there a wide fixed split in Atrial Septal Defects?

A split S2 is caused physiologically during inspiration because the increase in venous return overloads the right ventricle and delays the closure of the pulmonary valve. With an atrial septal defect, the right ventricle can be thought of as continuously overloaded because of the left to right shunt, producing a widely split S2. Because the atria are linked via the defect, inspiration produces no net pressure change between them, and has no effect on the splitting of S2. Thus, S2 is split to the same degree during inspiration as expiration, and is said to be “fixed.”

4

In a left to right shunt anomaly the pulmonary artery will be dilated. T/F?

(c/o Orlando Rances)

T

5

Is the first line of treatment for PDA in non-child patient

A. Indomethacin
B. Surgery
C. Interventional catheterization

(c/o Orlando Rances)

C

6

Heart Disease where Rib notching is present

A. ASD
B. PDA
C. Coarctation of the aorta
D. Pulmonary stenosis

(c/o Orlando Rances)

C

7

Eisenmenger Syndrome

A. ASD with pulmonary HPN and cyanosis
B. VSD with pulmonary HPN and cyanosis
C. ASD with pulmonary HPN but no cyanosis
D. VSD with pulmonary HPN but no cyanosis

(c/o Orlando Rances)

B

8

In a patient with VSD and Pulmonary HPN:

A. 2nd heart sound is louder than the first at the aortic
B. 2nd heart sound is louder than the first at the pulmonic
C. 2nd heart sound is louder than the first at the tricuspid
D. 2nd heart sound is louder than the first at the mitral
E. All of the above

(c/o Orlando Rances)

E

9

Turners Syndrome usually presents with this CHD

Coarctation of the Aorta

10

Most severe type of ASD

Ostium Primum

(Behaves like a VSD)

11

Congenital Rubella is associated with this valvular heart disease

Pulmonary Stenosis