[28] Heart Failure in Adults Flashcards Preview

[OS 213] CVS Module > [28] Heart Failure in Adults > Flashcards

Flashcards in [28] Heart Failure in Adults Deck (19):
1

Describe the relationship between Ejection Fraction and Functional Capacity

Directly Proportional

2

Describe the relationship between Ejection Fraction and Mortality

Inversely Proportional

The lower your EF, the more likely you are to die

3

Most common reason for Heart Failure

Non-compliance

4

Most common cause of Valvular Heart Disease

Rheumatic Heart Disease

5

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Stroke Volume

Decreased

6

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Cardiac Output

Decreased

7

[Effect of Heart Failure]

End Diastolic Pressure

Increased

8

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Ventricle Size

Larger

9

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Filling

Impaired

10

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Ejection Fraction

Decreased

11

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Systemic Vascular Resistance

Increased

12

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Arterial Pressure

Decreased

13

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Organ Perfusion

Decreased

14

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Venous Compliance

Decreased

15

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Venous Pressure

Increased

16

[Effect of Heart Failure]

Blood Volume

Increased

17

Two Types of Ventricular Remodeling

Concentric and Eccentric Hypertrophy

18

Major Framingham Criteria for Heart Failure

• Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
• Neck vein distension
• Rales
• Cardiomegaly
• S3 gallop
• Acute pulmonary edema
• Increased venous pressure
• Hepatojugular reflux

19

Minor Framingham Criteria for Heart Failure

• Ankle edema
• Night cough
• Exertional dyspnea
• Hepatomegaly
• Pleural effusion
• Vital capacity < 1/3 of maximal value
• Tachycardia (rate ≥ 120 bpm)